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Worksheet Solutions: Matter in Our Surroundings - Science Class 9

Multiple Choice Questions

Q.1. According to ancient philosophers matter consists of:
(a) Three constituents
(b) Four constituents
(c) Five constituents
(d) Six constituents.

Correct Answer is Option (c)
Matter is made up of five constituents also called tatvas (air, water, earth, fire and sky).

Q.2. Dry ice is:
(a) Solid ammonia
(b) Solid carbon dioxide
(c) Solid sulphur dioxide
(d) Normal ice

Correct Answer is Option (b)
Solid CO2 is dry ice.

Q.3. Which of the following statements is not correct for liquid state?
(a) Particles are loosly packed in the liquid state
(b) Fluidity is the maximum in the liquid state
(c) Liquids can be compressed
(d) Liquids take up the shape of any container in which these are placed

Correct Answer is Option (b)
Fluidity is maximum in the gaseous state and not in the liquid state.

Q.4. Which of the following will sublime? 
(a) Common salt 
(b) Sugar 
(c) Camphor 
(d) Potassium nitrate

Correct Answer is Option (c)
Camphor, ammonium chloride, Phenophthelene sublimes i.e. change from solid to gaseous state directly without passing through liquid state upon heating.

Q.5. When the liquid starts boiling, the further heat energy which is supplied: 
(a) Is lost to the surrounding as such 
(b) Increases the temperature of the liquid 
(c) Increases the kinetic energy of the particles in the liquid 
(d) Is absorbed as latent heat of vaporisation by the liquid

Correct Answer is Option (d)
Heat is absorbed as latent heat of vapourisation. As long as liquid is not boiled, the heat energy which is supplied increases the kinetic energy of particles present in water. Once the liquid starts boiling the heat energy is used to brinchange in the state (liquid-gas). It is known as latent heat of vapourisation.

Fill in the blanks:

1. Matter is made up of small_________.

Correct Answer is Particles

2. The forces of attraction between the particles are _______ in solids, ______ in liquids and _________ in gases.

Correct Answer is Maximum, intermediate, minimum

3. __________ is the change of gaseous state directly to solid state without going through liquid state, and vice-versa.

Correct Answer is Sublimation

4. Evaporation causes __________.

Correct Answer is Cooling

5. Latent heat of fusion is the amount of heat energy required to change 1 kg of solid into liquid at its ________.

Correct Answer is Melting point

6. Solid, liquid and gas are called the three _______ of matter.

Correct Answer is States

7. The smell of perfume gradually spreads across a room due to ______.

Correct Answer is Diffusion

8. Rapid evaporation depends on the ______ area exposed to atmosphere.

Correct Answer is Surface


9. As the temperature of a system increases, the pressure of the gases ______.

Correct Answer is Increases

10. As the volume of a specific amount of gas decreases, it’s pressure _______.

Correct Answer is Increases

11. As the temperature of a gas decreases, I’s volume ______.

Correct Answer is Decreases

12. Gas molecules at higher temperatures have more _______ than at cooler temperatures.

Correct Answer is Kinetic energy

13. Usually the total charge of a plasma is _______.

Correct Answer is Zero

14. The pressure inside of a sealed tube if you raise the temperature go ______

Correct Answer is Up

15. Forces of attraction in liquids are _______ than in solid.

Correct Answer is Weaker

16. Liquids that move quickly downhill are described as having _____.

Correct Answer is Low viscosity

Very Short Answer Questions

Q.1. Name one property which is shown by naphthalene and not by sodium chloride.

Naphthalene undergoes sublimation upon heating i.e. it directly changes into vapours. Whereas Sodium chloride (common salt) does not undergo sublimation. It melts on strong heating.

Q.2. A rubber band changes its shape when stretched. Can it be regarded as solid?

Rubber is a solid. It has elastic property due to which it undergoes change in shape when pressure is applied and regains its original shape when pressure is released.

Q.3. Gases can be compressed but solids cannot. Explain.

In gases, interparticle spaces are quite large. On applying pressure, these spaces decrease and the molecules of gas come closer. As a result, the gases can be compressed. Whereas in solids, particles are compactly packed leaving negligible interparticle space thus solids cannot be compressed.

Q.4. Kelvin scale of temperature is regarded better than the Celsius scale. Assign reason.

In the Celsius scale of temperature we often come across a negative sign for the temperature (e.g.,–8-5°C). In the Kelvin scale sign of temperature is always positive hence, it is a better scale.

Q.5. What happens to the heat energy which is supplied to the solid once it has started melting?

Once the solid has started melting heat energy absorbed is consumed in bringing about the change in state from solid to liquid (overcoming the force of attraction between the particles of solids). The heat absorbed is known as latent heat of fusion.

Q.6. Why is it not proper to regard the gaseous state of ammonia as vapours?

The gaseous state of a substance can be regarded as vapour only when it exists in liquid state at room temperature. Since ammonia is a gas at room temperature, its gaseous state cannot be regarded as vapours.

Q.7. Are the melting point temperature of the solid state and the freezing point temperature of the liquid state of a substance different?

No, these are the same. For example, melting point of ice and freezing point of water are both 0°C or 273 K.

Q.8. A substance is in liquid state at room temperature and changes into gas upon heating. What will you call its gaseous state?

The gaseous state of the substance is called vapour. Gaseous state of a substance which exists as liquid also is known as vapour.

Q.9. When a crystal of copper sulphate is placed at the bottom of a beaker containing water, the colour of water slowly becomes blue, why?

Copper sulphate on dissolution in water releases (Cu2+ ions) and SO42– ions. Due to diffusion of Cu2+ ions the colour of water slowly becomes blue.

Q.10. The boiling point of ethyl alcohol is 78°C. What is the corresponding temperature on kelvin scale?

Temperature on kelvin scale = 78 + 273 = 351 K

Crossword Puzzle

Worksheet Solutions: Matter in Our Surroundings | Science Class 9

BEC stands for Bose-Einstein-______
3. The state consists of super energetic and super excited particles
8. Conversion of solid to vapour is called ______
This is the phenomenon of change of a liquid into vapours at any temperature below its boiling point
SI unit of Temperature
CNG stands ____ natural gas
It is the amount of water vapour present in air.
LPG stands for ______petroleum gas.


1. Condensation
2. evaporation
3. plasma
4. kelvin
5. Compressed
6. Humidity
7. liquefied
8. sublimation

The document Worksheet Solutions: Matter in Our Surroundings | Science Class 9 is a part of the Class 9 Course Science Class 9.
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FAQs on Worksheet Solutions: Matter in Our Surroundings - Science Class 9

1. What is matter?
Ans. Matter refers to anything that occupies space and has mass. It can exist in three states, namely solid, liquid, and gas.
2. What is the difference between solid, liquid, and gas?
Ans. The primary difference between solid, liquid, and gas lies in the arrangement and movement of particles. In a solid, particles are tightly packed and have fixed positions, while in a liquid, particles are close together but can move past each other. In a gas, particles are widely spaced and move freely.
3. What is the boiling point of a substance?
Ans. The boiling point of a substance is the temperature at which it changes from a liquid to a gas at atmospheric pressure. It is the temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid equals the surrounding pressure.
4. What is the melting point of a substance?
Ans. The melting point of a substance is the temperature at which it changes from a solid to a liquid. It is the temperature at which the forces holding the particles in a solid lattice are overcome, and the solid becomes a liquid.
5. How does temperature affect the state of matter?
Ans. Temperature plays a crucial role in determining the state of matter. Increasing the temperature generally leads to a change in state, such as melting or boiling, as it provides energy to the particles, allowing them to overcome the forces holding them in place.
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