What is Coming Together Federation?
What is Holding Together Federation?
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Read Federal & Unitary Features of the Indian Constitution to understand the difference in details and to build your concept stronger on Federalism for your UPSC CSE.
1. What is Regionalism?
2. What is the Absence of Fiscal Federalism?
3. What is Centralized Amendment Power?
4. What is the Indestructible Union with Destructible Units
5. Is the Office of the Governor a part of the Federal System?
6. The Citizenship and Federalism
7. Integrated Services and Federalism
8. Centralised Planning as a part of Federal India
9. Language Conflicts and Federal Constitution
Read the Federal System to understand in depth about the Federal System in India from the UPSC point of view.
In this document, you have learnt
- It is sometimes considered a quasi-federal system as it has features of both a federal and a unitary system. Article 1 of the Indian Constitution states, ‘India that is Bharat shall be a union of states’.
- Elements of federalism were introduced into modern India by the Government of India Act of 1919, which separated powers between the centre and the provincial legislatures.
- There are three lists given in the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution which gives the subjects each level has jurisdiction in:
(i) Union List
(ii) State List
(iii) Concurrent List
The representation of the states in the upper house is based on the states" populations. For example, Uttar Pradesh has 31 seats and Goa, 1 in the Rajya Sabha. In an ideal federal system, all the states should have equal representation.
The voice for the demand of more states has become more prominent in recent times, especially after the formation of Telangana in 2014. Recent demands like four-fold division of Uttar Pradesh and the creation of Gorkhaland from West Bengal are instances of aggressive regionalism that pose a threat to India's federal structure.
The imposition of President's Rule in Arunachal Pradesh in January 2016, while there was an elected government in the State, created a bizarre incident in India's constitutional history.
|1. What is Federalism in India?
|2. How is power divided between the central and state governments in India?
|3. What is the role of the Constitution in India's federal system?
|4. How do the state governments participate in the decision-making process in India's federal system?
|5. What are the advantages and disadvantages of India's federal system?