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Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT PDF Download

Question 1: Set S contains points whose abscissa and ordinate are both natural numbers. Point P, an element in set S has the property that the sum of the distances from point P to the point (3,0) and the point (0,5) is the lowest among all elements in set S. What is the sum of abscissa and ordinate of point P? 

A. 2
B. 3
C. 5
D. 4
Answer. 4
Explanation.
Any point on the lineCoordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT will have the shortest overall distance. However, we need to have integral coordinates. So, we need to find points with integral coordinates as close as possible to the line 5x + 3y = 15.

Substitute x =1, we get y = 2 or 3

Substitute x = 2, we get y = 1 or 2   Sum of distances for (1, 2) = √8 + √10

Sum of distances for (1, 3) = √13 + √5

Sum of distances for (2, 1) = √2 + √20

Sum of distances for (2, 2) = √5 + √13

√5 + √13 is the shortest distance.

Sum of abscissa + ordinate = 4
The question is "What is the sum of abscissa and ordinate of point P?"
Hence, the answer is 4.
Choice D is the correct answer.

Question 2: Region R is defined as the region in the first quadrant satisfying the condition 3x + 4y < 12. Given that a point P with coordinates (r, s) lies within the region R, what is the probability that r > 2?
A. 1/4

B. 1/3

C. 1/5

D. 1/2
Answer. 1/4
Explanation.

Line 3x + 4y =12 cuts the x-axis at (4, 0) and y axis at (0, 3).

The region in the first quadrant satisfying the condition 3x + 4y < 12 forms a right triangle with sides 3, 4 and 5. Area of this triangle = 6 sq.units.

The lines x = 2 and 3x + 4y = 12 intersect at (2, 1.5). So, the region r > 2, 3x + 4y < 12 also forms a right triangle. This right triangle has base sides 2, 1.5. Area of this triangle = 1.5

Probability of the point lying in said region = 1.5/6 = 1/4
The question is "Given that a point P with coordinates (r, s) lies within the region R, what is the probability that r > 2?"

Hence, the answer is 1/4
Choice A is the correct answer. 

Question 3: Region Q is defined by the equation 2x + y < 40. How many points (r, s) exist such that r is a natural number and s is a multiple of r?

A. 84

B. 92

C. 105

D. 72
Answer. 92
Explanation.

When r = 1, s can take 37 values [37/1]

When r = 2, s can take 17 values [35/2]

When r = 3, s can take 11 values [33/3] 

When r = 4, s can take 7 values [31/4] 

When r = 5, s can take 5 values [29/5]

When r = 6, s can take 4 values [27/6]

When r = 7, s can take 3 values [25/7]

When r = 8, s can take 2 values [23/8]

When r = 9, s can take 2 values [21/9]

When r = 10, s can take 1 values [19/10]

When r = 11, 12, 13 s can take one value each.

Totally, there are 92 values possible.

The question is "How many points (r, s) exist such that r is a natural number and s is a multiple of r?"

Hence, the answer is 92.

Choice B is the correct answer.

Question 4: What is the equation of a set of points equidistant from the lines y = 5 and x = –4?

A. x + y = –1

B. x – y = –1

C. x + y = 1

D. –x + y = –1

Answer. x + y = 1
Explanation.

Let us try to draw the given lines on the coordinate plane.

Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

A set of points equidistant from the given two lines should lie on the dotted line as indicated. You can think of it as the perpendicular bisector to the base of an isosceles triangle formed by (–4, 5) and the two points on x = –4 and y = 5.

Or, the set of points equidistant from two lines form the angle bisector of the angle formed at the point of intersection of the two lines. The angle between these two lines is 900. Importantly, the lines are parallel to the axes. So, thinking of the line that is the angle bisector of this angle should not be too difficult.

This dotted line is at an angle of 135o with respect to the positive direction of x–axis and also passes through (–4, 5). 

Slope = m = tan (135o) = –1.

Therefore, the equation is given by (y – y1) = m

(x – x1) where (x1, y1) is (–4, 5).

(y – 5) = –(x + 4)

x + y = 1

The question is "What is the equation of a set of points equidistant from the lines?"

Hence, the answer is x + y = 1.

Choice C is the correct answer.

Question 5: What is the area enclosed in the region defined by y = |x – 1| + 2, line x = 1, X–axis and Y–axis?

A. 5 sq units

B. 2.5 sq units

C. 10 sq units

D. 7 sq units

Answer. 2.5 sq units
Explanation.

Let us first draw y = |x|. 

Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

Now, y = |x – 1| is just a shift of ‘1’ unit to the right along the x–axis.

Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

Now, y = |x – 1| + 2 is a shift of ‘2’ units to the top along the y–axis.

Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

Now, let us complete the diagram by drawing the line x = 1 also.

Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

The required area is essentially the area of the shaded region.

The point of intersection of y = |x – 1| + 2 where the y–axis can be found by substituting x = 0 in the equation.

Thus we get y = 3.

Required area = Area of the trapezium formed by the points (0, 0), (1, 0), (1, 2) and (0, 3).

Area of a trapezium = Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT sum of the parallel sides Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT = 5/2 sq units.

The question is "What is the area enclosed in the region defined by y = |x – 1| + 2, line x = 1, X–axis and Y–axis?"

Hence, the answer is 2.5 sq units

Choice B is the correct answer.

Question 6: Find the area of the region that comprises all points that satisfy the two conditions x2 + y2 + 6x + 8y ≤ 0 and 4x ≥ 3y?

A. 25

B. Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

C. Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

D. None of these

Answer. Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CATExplanation.

x2 + y2 + 6x + 8y < 0

x2 + 6x + 9 – 9 + y2 + 8y + 16 – 16 < 0

(x + 3)2 + (y + 4)2 < 25

This represents a circular region with centre (–3, –4) and radius 5 units. Substituting x = y = 0, we also see that the inequation is satisfied. This means that the circle also passes through the origin. To find out the intercepts that the circle cuts off with the axes, substitute x = 0 to find out the y–intercept and y = 0 to find out x–intercept. Thus x–intercept = –6 and y–intercept = –8.

Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

Now, the line 4x = 3y passes through the point (–3, –4). Or this line is the diameter of the circle. The area we are looking for is the area of a semicircle.

Required area Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

The question is "Find the area of the region that comprises all points that satisfy the two conditions x2 + y2 + 6x + 8y ≤ 0 and 4x ≥ 3y?"

Hence, the answer is Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT sq units

Choice C is the correct answer.

Question 7: What is the reflection of the point (4 , -3) in the line y = 1?

A. (4, -5)

B. (4, 5)

C. (-4, -5)

D. (-4, 5)
Answer. (4, 5)
Explanation.

Reflection of point (x,y) in line y=a is (x,-y+2a)

Now, Reflection of point (4,-3) in line y=1

= [4,3+2(1)]=(4,5)

⇒ Ans – (B)

Question 8: At what point does the line 3x + 2y = -12 intercept the Y-axis?
A. (0,6)
B. (0,-6)
C. (-4,0)
D. (4,0)
Answer.
Explanation. (0,-6)

The line 3x + 2y = -12 will intercept the y-axis at x = 0
Thus, substituting value of x in above equation
⇒ 3(0) + 2y = -12
⇒ y = -12/2 = -6
Thus, the line will intercept y axis at (0,-6)
⇒ Ans – (B)Question 9: The area of triangle with vertices (5x,2x), (7x, 0) and (5x, 0) is 72 sq units. If x is a positive integer, what is the value of x?

A. 6

B. 3

C. 9

D. 12

E. 15
Answer. 6
Explanation.

The diagram with the given vertices is given below:
Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT
ABC is a right angled triangle with AB = BC = 2x and right angles at ∠ABC
Thus, area of the triangle = 1/2 * AB * BC = 1/2 * 2x * 2x = 2x2
= 72

⇒ x = ± 6

Since x is positive, x = 6

Question 10: Find the intercepts made by the line 7x + 6y – 42 = 0 on y and x axis respectively.

A. (6,7)

B. (3,2)

C. (2,3)

D. (7,6)
Answer.
Explanation. (7,6)

The point where this line cuts the x axis, y coordinate will be 0 and the point where it cuts the y axis, x coordinate would be 0.

So y intercept = 7*0 + 6y = 42 => y = 7

Similarly x intercept = 7x + 6*0 = 42 => x = 6

Since the question asks the intercepts in the order y and x respectively, the correct answer is (7, 6)

Thus option D is the correct answer.

The document Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer | Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT is a part of the CAT Course Quantitative Aptitude (Quant).
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FAQs on Coordinate Geometry Question with Answer - Quantitative Aptitude (Quant) - CAT

1. What is coordinate geometry?
Ans. Coordinate geometry is a branch of mathematics that deals with the study of geometric figures using a coordinate system. It combines algebraic techniques with geometric interpretations and allows us to analyze and solve problems involving points, lines, curves, and shapes.
2. How does the coordinate system work in coordinate geometry?
Ans. The coordinate system in coordinate geometry uses a pair of numbers called coordinates to locate points in a plane. The horizontal line is called the x-axis, and the vertical line is called the y-axis. The intersection of these lines is called the origin, which is assigned the coordinates (0,0). Points are located by specifying their distance from the origin along each axis.
3. What is the equation of a straight line in coordinate geometry?
Ans. The equation of a straight line in coordinate geometry is typically written in the form y = mx + c, where m represents the slope of the line and c represents the y-intercept. The slope m determines the steepness of the line, while the y-intercept c represents the point where the line intersects the y-axis.
4. How can we find the distance between two points in coordinate geometry?
Ans. The distance between two points in coordinate geometry can be found using the distance formula, which is derived from the Pythagorean theorem. If the coordinates of the two points are (x1, y1) and (x2, y2), the distance between them is given by the formula: Distance = √((x2 - x1)^2 + (y2 - y1)^2)
5. What are the different types of conic sections in coordinate geometry?
Ans. In coordinate geometry, there are four main types of conic sections: circles, ellipses, parabolas, and hyperbolas. These conic sections can be represented by algebraic equations and have distinct geometric properties. Circles have a constant distance from a fixed center, ellipses have two foci, parabolas have a directrix and a focus, and hyperbolas have two branches.
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