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Worksheet - Modals | English An Alien Hand Class 7 PDF Download

USES OF MODALS

I. Uses of ‘SHALL’
1. Shall is used to denote Simple Future Time in the first person (I, We); as

  • I shall play.
  • I shall know my result tomorrow.
  • We shall go to the market.
  • We shall leave for Chennai in the morning.

2. Shall is used in the Second and Third persons to express :
(i) Command; as

  • You shall do as I say.
  • You shall not disobey your elders.
  • He shall not tell a lie.

(ii) Promise; as

  • You shall get a prize.
  • They shall be rewarded for their work.
  • He shall be promoted very soon.

(iii) Compulsion or necessity; as

  • You shall be fined for making noise.
  • You shall not enter the kitchen with dirty feet.
  • He shall be punished for taking bribe.

(iv) Determination or certainty; as

  • You shall go to the market at once.
  • They shall follow me.
  • He shall get good marks, I am sure.

II. Uses of ‘WILL’

Will is used in the second and third persons (You, He, She, They, It) to express Simple Future Time; as

  • He will arrive here tomorrow.
  • You will get promotion very soon.
  • They will learn painting from their teachers.
  • Will is used in the first person (I, We) to express-

(i) polite request or invitation; as

  • Will you open the window, please?
  • Will you have some more coffee?
  • Will you drop this letter today?

(ii) Willingness; as

  • At night, I will help you.
  • I will come with you if you want.
  • We will go there for your happiness.

(iii) Promise; as

  • I will definitely go with you.
  • I will assist you in this matter.
  • We will fight for this cause.

(iv) intention; as

  • From Delhi, we will go to Shimla.
  • We will visit the theatre next week.
  • I will highlight his point in the office.

(v) threat; as I will teach you a lesson.

  • We will punish you severely.

III. Uses of ‘SHOULD’

1. Should is the past form of shall. It is used to express duty or moral obligation in all the three persons; as

  • We should obey our parents.
  • People should be gentle and fair.
  • He should not tell lies.
  • You should come here on time.

2. Should is used when giving or seeking advice; as

  • You should work hard.
  • You should do regular exercise.
  • How much should I pay to you?

3. Should is used to express disapproval; as

  • You should not waste your time.
  • You should not detain him for such a long time.

4. Should is used after lest to express purpose (usually negative); as

  • Work hard lest you should fail.
  • Walk slowly lest you should fall.

5. Should is used to express possibility, supposition and condition; as

  • I think you should win the championship.
  • He should be here by now-he left home at ten.
  • This is a costly saree; it should look beautiful.

IV. Uses of ‘WOULD’

Would is the past form of wilt Would is used to express

1. wish; as

  • I would like to accompany you.
  • They would like to settle the issue.

2. determination; as

  • He would have his own way.
  • I would buy this flat at any cost.

3. polite request; as

  • Would you shut the window, please?
  • Would you lend me your bicycle for an hour?

4. Willingness; as

  • The boy would do as his father had told him to do.
  • I would try my best to help him.

5. improbable condition; as

  • If I got a lottery, I would be very happy.
  • If a thief came here, he would find only books.

6. Past habit; as

  • Every morning, he would go for a long walk.
  • After eating food, he would take rest for an hour.

V. Uses of ‘CAN’

Can is a modal auxiliary which we use to say something is possible, that someone has ability or capacity.

1. Can is used to express ability; as

  • I can solve this sum.
  • He can learn Japanese.

2. Can is used for giving permission; as

  • You can go to the cinema, if you wish.
  • You can go home if you have done your work.

3. Can is used for seeking permission; as

  • Can I go home now?
  • Can I use you pencil?

4. Can is used to express possibility; as

  • Any team can win this match.
  • He can reach here any moment.

VI. Uses of ‘COULD’

Could is the past form of can. It is used to express

1. Polite request; as

  • Could I change my seat, please?
  • Could I meet the Principal; please?

2. Possibility in the past; as

  • If I had money, I could buy a car.
  • I wondered whether the news could be true.
  • Capability or ability in the past; as I could swim when I was young.
  • He could solve all the sums when he was only ten years old.

VII. Uses of ‘MAY

1. May is used to give or take permission; as

  • May I come in, Sir? Yes, you may come in.
  • May I go home now? Yes, you may go home now.

2. May is used to express wish, prayer and blessing; as

  • May you live long!
  • May God bless you!
  • May you have the best of luck!

3. May is used to express possibility and uncertainty; as

  • The principal may arrive here any moment.
  • It may rain heavily.
  • The test may be postponed.

4. May is used to express purpose; as

  • We eat so that we may live.
  • I work hard so that I may get good marks.

5. May is used to express past possibility; as

  • He may have gone.
  • You may have known about his fault.

VIII. Uses of ‘MIGHT’

1. Might is the past form of May. It is used to express something possible in future; as

  • The train might be late.
  • He might have done the mistake.

2. Might is used to express remote possibility in the future; as

  • He might come, if he gets time.
  • The prices might fall down a little.

3. Might is used to give suggestion; as

  • You might consult a physician.
  • You might go to a lawyer.

4. Might is used to express doubtful possibility as

  • It might rain.
  • He might come.

5. Might is used to express purpose; as

  • He worked hard so that he might get good marks.
  • He died so that his country might survive.

Exercise - 1

Fill in the blanks with ‘Shall’ or ‘Will’:
1. He ……………….. go to Chennai next month.
Ans. 
Will

2. You ………… not enter the kitchen with muddy shoes.
Ans. 
Shall

3. Rupam …………. see you again.
Ans. 
Will

4. You …………. go at once.
Ans. 
Shall

5. I ……….. write a letter to him tomorrow.
Ans. 
Will

6. ……….you do me a favour?
Ans. 
Will

7. ……………….I ring him up?
Ans. 
Shall

8. If you desire, I ……….. come with you.
Ans. 
Will

9. Do it or you …………. be punished.
Ans. 
Shall

10. You …………….have a cup of tea?
Ans. 
Will

11. I ………… lend you a book.
Ans. 
Will

12. People …………….fight for their cause.
Ans. 
Will

13. We …………… be late.
Ans. 
Shall

14. You ……………be punished for telling lies.
Ans. 
Shall

15. You ………..be promoted very soon.
Ans. 
Shall

Exercise - 2

Fill in the blanks with ‘Would’ or ‘Should’:
1. Work hard lest you ……… fail.
Ans. 
Should

2. You …………send the reply tomorrow.
Ans. 
Should

3. You …………please lend me your bicycle?
Ans.
Would

4. You …………….do as he says.
Ans.
Should

5. You ……..like another cup of tea?
Ans.
Would

6. She ……….said she carry my books.
Ans.
Would

7. He ………meet me at 9 O’ clock in the morning.
Ans.
Would

8. You ……….wash your clothes.
Ans.
Should

9. They………. arrive here any time.
Ans.
Should

10. We ………respect our elders.
Ans.
Should

11. You ………. mind helping me?
Ans. 
Would

12. I…….. like to return early.
Ans. 
Would

13. Make haste, lest you ……………….miss the train.
Ans.
Should

14. If you ………change your decision, Please let us know.
Ans. 
Should

15. I wish you …………………..not ask so many questions.
Ans.
Would

Q.1. Complete the following sentences using appropriate modal auxiliary verbs.
(A) If this is your bull, you _____ be able to tell us which of its eyes is blind. (should / can / used to)
Ans. 
If this is your bull, you should be able to tell us which of its eyes is blind.

(B) He _____ smoke a lot, but now he doesn’t. (used to / could / should)
Ans. 
He used to smoke a lot, but now he doesn’t.

(C) You _____ apologize to him for your bad conduct. (should / ought)
Ans. 
You should apologize to him for your bad conduct.

(D) I _____ do something to help this poor boy. (must / would / ought)
Ans. 
I must do something to help this poor boy.

(E) _____ you participate in the program? (Shall / Will / May)
Ans. 
Will you participate in the program?

(F) It _____ rain later in the evening. (may / can / should)
Ans. 
It may rain later in the evening.

(G) What _____ I give you in return for your help? (should / need / ought to)
Ans. 
What should I give you in return for your help?

(H) He _____ stand on his head. (can / may / need)
Ans. 
He can stand on his head.

(I) You _____ work overtime to make up for it. (must / ought / used to)
Ans. 
You must work overtime to make up for it.

(J) They _____ hardly move about without stepping on one of the chickens. (could / would / should)
Ans. 
They could hardly move about without stepping on one of the chickens.

Q.2. Fill in the blanks using MUST, CAN’T, MAY, MIGHT, COULD, SHOULD, SHOULDN’T and the PAST FORMS of them !
(A) Sally looks worried. She ___________  a problem with something (HAVE).
Ans. 
Must have / Must Have Had

(B) Bob ________ at school because I haven’t seen him all day (BE).
Ans. 
Can’t be / Can’t have been

(C) I _________ you the money. Why didn’t you ask me (LEND)
Ans. 
Could have lent

(D) Mr Travis hasn’t come to work yet. He has never been late for work. He _________ the bus (MISS).
Ans. 
Must have missed

(E) She knew everything about our plans. She __________ to our conversation (LISTEN)
Ans.
Must have listened

(F)
A : Will you come to my birthday party tomorrow afternoon ?
B : I’m sorry but I __________ because I have to look after my sister.(COME)
Ans.
Can’t come

(G) Timmy is a very good boy. He isn’t naughty, so he _____________ that window. Somebody else ____________ it (BREAK 2X)
Ans. 
Can’t have broken / Must have broken

(H) The street is wet this morning . I’m not sure but it ____________ last night (RAIN).
Ans.
Could/ May / Might have rained

(I) She ___________ like an angel when she was a child (SING)
Ans.
Could sing

(J) A : I talked to your science teacher yesterday.
B : You ___________ to her because she wasn’t at school yesterday. (TALK)
Ans.
Can’t have talked

(K) Mrs White bought a new fur coat ! - She __________ the lottery (WIN).
Ans.
Must have won

(L) He came home alone yesterday. You _________ him do that ; he__________ lost. (LET, GET)
Ans. 
Shouldn’t have let / might have got

(M) He read the message but he ____________ it (UNDERSTAND)
Ans.
Couldn’t understand

(N) The singer has got a sore throat so she ___________ at the concert (SING)
Ans. 
Can't Sing

(O) It ____________ Jack I saw in the park yesterday, but I’m not sure about it (BE).
Ans. 
May / Might have been

(P) We can’t wait any longer. Something ___________ at once (DO).
Ans. 
Must be done

(Q) Everyone shouted in fear. They _____________ very afraid (BE).
Ans. 
Must have been

(R)
A : I’m afraid Ted is watching TV again.
B : He ________ TV because his room is completely silent and dark. He ___________ . (WATCH, SLEEP)
Ans. 
Can't be watching / Must be sleeping

(S) I can’t find my book . I __________ on the bus (LEAVE)
Ans. 
Must have left it

(T) She ___________ stupid. She teaches maths at the university (BE)
Ans. 
Can't be

(U) She _________ to school. It’s Saturday (GO).
Ans. 
Mustn't go

(V) You were stupid to go skiing here. You __________ a leg (BREAK)
Ans. 
Could have broken

(W) He looked so tired when I saw him. He ___________ so hard (WORK)
Ans. 
Must Have Worked

(X). Tom ___________ this because it is in French and Tom doesn’t know French. (WRITE)
Ans. 
Can't have written

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FAQs on Worksheet - Modals - English An Alien Hand Class 7

1. What are modal verbs?
Ans. Modal verbs are a type of auxiliary verbs that are used to express ability, possibility, permission, necessity, or obligation in a sentence. They modify the main verb and help convey the speaker's attitude or opinion.
2. How many modal verbs are there in English?
Ans. There are nine main modal verbs in English: can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, and must. These verbs are used to indicate different degrees of certainty, ability, permission, or obligation in a sentence.
3. Can modal verbs be used in all tenses?
Ans. No, modal verbs cannot be used in all tenses. They do not have past, present, or future forms, and they do not change according to the subject. Modal verbs are always followed by the base form of the main verb and do not require "to" before the verb.
4. What is the difference between "can" and "could"?
Ans. "Can" is used to express present ability or permission, while "could" is used to express past ability, permission, or possibility. "Could" is also commonly used to make polite requests or to show uncertainty.
5. Are there any exceptions or irregularities with modal verbs?
Ans. Yes, there are a few exceptions and irregularities with modal verbs. For example, the modal verb "must" does not have a past tense form and is used to express strong obligation or certainty. Additionally, the modal verb "ought to" is used to express moral obligation or strong advice.
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