As a real executive authority, the Chief Minister is called the head of the government. He is assisted by his council of ministers who are a part of state executive along with Governor and Advocate-General of State. Similar to Prime Minister who is the head of the government at the centre, the Chief Minister is the head of the government at the state level.
Who is called a Chief Minister?
He is the head of the state government. While the governor is the nominal executive of the state government, the person who becomes the chief minister is the real executive of the government. The real executive is called ‘de facto’ executive that means, ‘in fact, whether by right or not.’
How is a Chief Minister appointed?
Just like the Prime Minister, provisions of whose appointment are not mentioned in the Indian Constitution, Chief Minister’s appointment particulars are not mentioned in the Constitution. According to Article 164 in the Indian Constitution, Governor appoints Chief Minister. However, the Governor cannot appoint any random person as the Chief Minister but has to follow a provision.
A leader of the party that has got the majority share of votes in the assembly elections, is appointed as the Chief Minister of the state.
What is the term of Chief Minister’s office?
Aspirants should clearly understand that the term of Chief Minister is not fixed and he holds his office during the pleasure of the governor.
What is the main function of the Chief Minister?
The CM of the state performs functions in relation to the different categories of people:
Other than that, he also performs the following functions:
In Relation to the Council of Ministers
The Chief Minister is the head of state council of ministers. He performs the following functions:
Note: If the CM dies (or resigns), the council automatically dissolves.
In Relation to the Governor
In relation to the governor, the Chief Minister performs the following functions:
(i) All the activities, decisions that are taken up by the council of ministers are communicated to the governor by the chief minister
(ii) To report to the governor, information about the administrative affairs if and when asked by the governor
(iii) If any minister has decided on any issue, the same has to be reported to the Governor by the Chief Minister when the same has not been considered by the council.
He gives his advice to the governor for the appointment of the following persons:
In Relation to the State Legislature
He is the leader of the house and holding this position, he performs the following functions:
Chief Minister and the Governor
The relationship between the Chief Minister of the state and the state’s governor has always been in the news. The debate on the authority of the respective posts has made the rounds throughout. IAS aspirants will understand the dynamics shared by the CM and the Governor by following the details given below:
|1. Who is the Chief Minister in Indian Polity?
|2. How is the Chief Minister appointed in Indian Polity?
|3. What are the qualifications required to become a Chief Minister in Indian Polity?
|4. Can a Chief Minister be removed from office in Indian Polity?
|5. What are the powers and responsibilities of a Chief Minister in Indian Polity?