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Outcomes of Democracy Summary Class 10 Social Science Chapter 5

How do we assess democracy’s outcomes?

  • Democracy is a better form of government because:
    • It promotes equality among citizens.
    • It enhances the dignity of the individual.
    • It improves the quality of decision-making.
    • It provides a method to resolve conflicts.
    • It allows room to correct mistakes.

Is the democratic government efficient?

  • Non-democratic rulers do not have to bother about deliberation in assemblies or worry about majorities and public opinion.
  • A democratic government will take more time to follow procedures before arriving at a decision.
    • Because it has followed procedures, its decisions may be both more acceptable to the people and more effective.

Accountable

  • A citizen who wants to know if a decision was taken through the correct procedures can find this out. This is known as transparency.

Legitimate Government

  • In democracy, governments are elected through a regular, free and fair elections. 
  • Laws are made following proper procedures, after much discussion with the representatives of the people.
  • If people feel that government has done something which goes against the Constitution, people can challenge it in the Judiciary.

Economic growth and development

  • Between 1950 and 2000, dictatorships have slightly higher rate of economic growth. 
  • Economic growth depends on various factors:
    • Size of the population of a country
    • Global situation
    • Co-operation from other countries
    • Economic policies adopted by the country
  • However, the difference in the rates of economic development between less developed countries with dictatorships and democracies is negligible.

Reduction of inequality and poverty

  • Democracies are based on political equality, but we find growing economic inequalities.

Accommodation of social diversity

  • Democracy helps its citizens to lead a peaceful and harmonious life by accommodating various social divisions.

Dignity and freedom of the citizens

  • Democracy promotes dignity and freedom of the individual.

Democracy - its examination never gets over

  • A democracy is always striving towards a better goal. 
  • People constantly demand more benefits in a democracy.
The document Outcomes of Democracy Summary Class 10 Social Science Chapter 5 is a part of the Class 10 Course Social Studies (SST) Class 10.
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FAQs on Outcomes of Democracy Summary Class 10 Social Science Chapter 5

1. What are the outcomes of democracy?
Ans. The outcomes of democracy include political stability, protection of individual rights and freedoms, economic growth and development, social equality, and citizen participation in decision-making processes.
2. How does democracy contribute to political stability?
Ans. Democracy contributes to political stability by providing a framework for peaceful transfer of power through elections, ensuring a balance of power among different branches of government, and promoting accountability and transparency in governance.
3. What role does democracy play in protecting individual rights and freedoms?
Ans. Democracy plays a crucial role in protecting individual rights and freedoms by guaranteeing fundamental rights such as freedom of speech, expression, and assembly, ensuring equality before the law, and providing mechanisms for citizens to seek redress for violations of their rights.
4. How does democracy promote economic growth and development?
Ans. Democracy promotes economic growth and development by fostering an environment of stability, encouraging innovation and entrepreneurship, ensuring a level playing field for businesses, and providing avenues for citizens to participate in economic decision-making processes.
5. Why is citizen participation important in a democracy?
Ans. Citizen participation is important in a democracy as it allows individuals to have a say in the decision-making processes that affect their lives, promotes inclusivity and diversity of perspectives, fosters a sense of ownership and responsibility among citizens, and strengthens the democratic system by ensuring government accountability to the people.
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