NCERT Solutions: Is Matter Around Us Pure

# NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science - Is Matter Around Us Pure

 Table of contents Page No. 15 Page No. 18 Page No. 19 Page No. 22 Page No. 23 Page No. 24

## Page No. 15

Q1. What is meant by a substance?
Ans: A pure substance is one that is made up of only one kind of particles either atoms or molecules. For example, oxygen, carbon, etc.

Examples of Pure Substances

Q2. List the points of differences between homogeneous and heterogeneous mixtures.
Ans:

## Page No. 18

Q1. Differentiate between homogenous and heterogeneous mixtures with examples.
Ans: The following are the differences between heterogeneous and homogenous mixtures.

Q2. How are sol, solution and suspension different from each other?
Ans:

Q3. To make a saturated solution, 36g of sodium chloride is dissolved in 100 g of water at 293 K. Find its concentration at this temperature.
Ans: Mass of solute (NaCl) = 36 g
Mass of solvent (H2O) = 100 g
Mass of solution (NaCl + H2O) = 136 g
Concentration = Mass of solute/Mass of solution x 100
Concentration = 36/136 x 100 = 26.47%
Hence, the concentration of the solution is 26.47%

## Page No. 19

Q1. Classify the following as chemical or physical changes:

• cutting of trees,
• melting of butter in a pan,
• rusting of almirah,
• boiling of water to form steam,
• passing of electric current, through water and the water breaking down into hydrogen and oxygen gases,
• dissolving common salt in water,
• making a fruit salad with raw fruits, and
• burning of paper and wood.

Ans: The following is the classification into physical and chemical change:

Q2. Try segregating the things around you as pure substances or mixtures.
Ans: Listed below are the classifications based on pure substances and mixtures:

## Page No. 22

### Exercises

Q1. Which separation techniques will you apply for the separation of the following?
(a) Sodium chloride from its solution in water.
(b) Ammonium chloride from a mixture containing sodium chloride and ammonium chloride.
(c) Small pieces of metal in the engine oil of a car.
(d) Different pigments from an extract of flower petals.
(e) Butter from curd.
(f) Oil from water.
(g) Tea leaves from tea.
(h) Iron pins from sand.
(i) Wheat grains from husk.
(j) Fine mud particles suspended in water.

Ans:  (a) In water, sodium chloride in its solution can be separated through the process of Evaporation.
(b) The technique of sublimation is apt as Ammonium chloride supports Sublimation.
(c) Tiny chunks of metal pieces in the engine oil of a car can be manually filtered.
(d) Chromatography can be used for the fine segregation of various pigments from an extract of flower petals.
(e) The technique of centrifugation can be applied to separate butter from curd. It is based on the concept of difference in density.
(f) To separate oil from water, which are two immiscible liquids which vary in their densities, using a funnel can be an effective method.
(g) Tea leaves can be manually separated from tea using simple filtration methods.
(h) Iron pins can be separated from sand either manually or with the use of magnets as the pins exhibit strong magnetic quality, which can be a key characteristic taken into consideration.
(i) The differentiating property between husk and wheat is that there is a difference in their mass. If treated with a small amount of wind energy, a remarkable variation in the moving distance is noticed. Hence, to separate them, the sedimentation/winnowing procedure can be applied.
(j) Due to the property of water, sand or fine mud particles tends to sink in the bottom as it is denser provided they are undisturbed. Through the process of sedimentation/decantation, water can be separated from fine mud particles, as the technique is established on obtaining clear water by tilting it out.

## Page No. 23

Q2. Write the steps you would use for making tea. Use the words solution, solvent, solute, dissolve, soluble, insoluble, filtrate and residue.
Ans: (a) Into a vessel, add a cup of milk, which is the solvent, and supply it with heat.
(b) Add tea powder or tea leaves to the boiling milk, which acts as a solute. Continue to heat.
(c) The solute, i.e., the tea powder, remains insoluble in the milk, which can be observed while it is still boiling.
(d) At this stage, add some sugar to the boiling solution while stirring.
(e) Sugar is a solute but is soluble in the solvent.
(f) Continuous stirring causes the sugar to dissolve completely in the tea solution, reaching saturation.
(g) Once the raw smell of tea leaves vanishes and the tea solution is boiled enough, take the solution off the heat, filter or strain it to separate the tea powder and the tea solution. The insoluble tea powder remains as a residue while the solute (sugar) and the solvent (essenced milk solution) strain through the filter medium, which is collected as the filtrate.

Q3. Pragya tested the solubility of three different substances at different temperatures and collected the data as given below (results are given in the following table, as grams of substance dissolved in 100 grams of water to form a saturated solution).

(a) What mass of potassium nitrate would be needed to produce a saturated solution of potassium nitrate in 50 grams of water at 313 K?
(b) Pragya makes a saturated solution of potassium chloride in water at 353 K and leaves the solution to cool at room temperature. What would she observe as the solution cools? Explain.
(c) Find the solubility of each salt at 293 K. Which salt has the highest solubility at this temperature?
(d) What is the effect of change of temperature on the solubility of a salt?
Ans:
(a) Given:
Mass of potassium nitrate required to produce a saturated solution in 100 g of water at 313 K = 62g
To find:
Mass of potassium nitrate required to produce a saturated solution in 50 g of water =?
Required amount = 62 x 50/100 = 31
Hence, 31 g of potassium nitrate is required.
(b) The solubility of potassium chloride in water is decreased when a saturated solution of potassium chloride loses heat at 353 K. Consequently, Pragya would observe crystals of potassium chloride, which would have surpassed its solubility at low temperatures.
(c) As per the given data, that is
Solubility of potassium nitrate at 293K = 32 g
Solubility of sodium chloride at 293K = 36 g
Solubility of potassium chloride at 293K = 35 g
Solubility of ammonium chloride at 293K = 37g
We can observe from this data that ammonium chloride has the highest solubility at 293K.
(d) Effect of change of temperature on the solubility of salts:
The table clearly depicts that the solubility of the salt is dependent upon the temperature and increases with an increase in temperature. With this, we can infer that when a salt arrives at its saturation point at a specific temperature, there is a propensity to dissolve more salt through an increase in the temperature of the solution.

Q4. Explain the following, giving examples.
(a) Saturated solution
(b) Pure substance
(c) Colloid
(d) suspension

Ans: (a) Saturated solution: It is the state in a solution at a specific temperature when a solvent is no more soluble without an increase in temperature. Example: Excess carbon leaves off as bubbles from a carbonated water solution saturated with carbon.
(b) Pure substance: A substance is said to be pure when it comprises only one kind of molecule, atom or compound without adulteration with any other substance or any divergence in the structural arrangement. Examples: Sulphur, diamonds etc.
(c) Colloid: A Colloid is an intermediate between solution and suspension. It has particles of various sizes that range between 2 to 1000 nanometers. Colloids can be distinguished from solutions using the Tyndall effect. Tyndall effect is defined as the scattering of light (light beam) through a colloidal solution. Examples: Milk and gelatin.
(d) Suspension: It is a heterogeneous mixture that comprises solute particles that are insoluble but are suspended in the medium. These particles that are suspended are not microscopic but visible to bare eyes and are large enough (usually larger than a micrometre) to undergo sedimentation.

Q5. Classify each of the following as a homogeneous or heterogeneous mixture.
soda water, wood, air, soil, vinegar, filtered tea.
Ans: The following is the classification of the given substances into homogenous and heterogenous mixtures.

Q6. How would you confirm that a colourless liquid given to you is pure water?
Ans:
We can confirm if a colourless liquid is pure by setting it to boil. If it boils at 100°C, it is said to be pure. But if there is a decrease or increase in the boiling point, we infer that water has added impurities, hence not pure.

## Page No. 24

Q7. Which of the following materials fall in the category of a “pure substance”?
(a) Ice
(b) Milk
(c) Iron
(d) Hydrochloric acid
(e) Calcium oxide
(f) Mercury
(g) Brick
(h) Wood
(i) Air

Ans: Following substances from the above-mentioned list are pure substances:

• Iron
• Ice
• Hydrochloric acid
• Calcium oxide
• Mercury

Q8. Identify the solutions among the following mixtures.
(a) Soil
(b) Sea water
(c) Air
(d) Coal
(e) Soda water
Ans:
The following are the solutions from the above-mentioned list of mixtures:

• Sea water
• Air
• Soda water

Q9. Which of the following will show “Tyndall effect”?
(a) Salt solution
(b) Milk
(c) Copper sulphate solution
(d) Starch solution
Ans:
Milk and starch solution will show Tyndall effect because these are colloidal solutions in which path of light becomes clearly visible due to scattering of light.

Q10. Classify the following into elements, compounds and mixtures.
(a) Sodium
(b) Soil
(c) Sugar solution
(d) Silver
(e) Calcium carbonate
(f) Tin
(g) Silicon
(h) Coal
(i) Air
(j) Soap
(k) Methane
(i) Carbon dioxide
(m) Blood
Ans:

Q11. Which of the following are chemical changes?
(a) Growth of a plant
(b) Rusting of iron
(c) Mixing of iron filings and sand
(d) Cooking of food
(e) Digestion of food
(f) Freezing of water
(g) Burning of a candle
Ans: Out of the given list, the following are chemical changes: Growth of a plant, rusting of iron, cooking of food, digestion of food and burning of candles.

The document NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science - Is Matter Around Us Pure is a part of the Class 9 Course Science Class 9.
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## FAQs on NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Science - Is Matter Around Us Pure

 1. What is the difference between a pure substance and a mixture?
Ans. A pure substance is a substance that is made up of only one type of particle, while a mixture is made up of two or more substances mixed together. Pure substances are either elements or compounds, while mixtures can be homogeneous or heterogeneous.
 2. How can we separate mixtures?
Ans. We can separate mixtures using various physical methods such as filtration, distillation, chromatography, and evaporation. The method used depends on the type of mixture and the properties of the substances it contains.
 3. What is a solution?
Ans. A solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances, where the substances are evenly distributed at a molecular level. The substance that is present in larger quantity is called the solvent, while the substance present in smaller quantity is called the solute.
 4. What is the difference between a suspension and a colloid?
Ans. A suspension is a heterogeneous mixture where the particles are large enough to be seen with the naked eye and will settle over time if left undisturbed. A colloid, on the other hand, is a homogeneous mixture where the particles are small enough to be invisible to the naked eye and will not settle easily.
 5. What is distillation?
Ans. Distillation is a physical method used to separate a mixture of liquids with different boiling points. The mixture is heated until the liquid with the lowest boiling point evaporates, then the vapor is collected and condensed back into a liquid. This process is repeated until all the liquids in the mixture have been separated.

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