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Citizenship Amendment Act vs The Constitution- 2 Video Lecture | Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

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FAQs on Citizenship Amendment Act vs The Constitution- 2 Video Lecture - Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

1. What is the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA)?
Ans. The Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) is a law passed by the Indian government in December 2019. It grants Indian citizenship to non-Muslim illegal immigrants from Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh who entered India before December 31, 2014. The CAA seeks to provide a fast track route to citizenship for persecuted religious minorities such as Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis, and Christians from these three countries.
2. How does the Citizenship Amendment Act affect the Indian Constitution?
Ans. The Citizenship Amendment Act has sparked debates regarding its compatibility with the Indian Constitution. Critics argue that the CAA violates the principles of secularism and equality enshrined in the Constitution, as it differentiates between individuals based on their religion. They argue that the act goes against Article 14 of the Constitution, which guarantees equality before the law for all individuals.
3. Is the Citizenship Amendment Act applicable to all illegal immigrants in India?
Ans. No, the Citizenship Amendment Act is not applicable to all illegal immigrants in India. It specifically targets illegal immigrants from Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Bangladesh who belong to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, or Christian communities. It does not provide any provisions for illegal immigrants from other countries or individuals belonging to the Muslim community.
4. Are there any protests against the Citizenship Amendment Act?
Ans. Yes, there have been widespread protests against the Citizenship Amendment Act across India. Many people, including students, activists, and political parties, have expressed their concerns and objections to the act. Protests have taken place in various cities, with some turning violent. Critics of the act argue that it is discriminatory and undermines the secular fabric of the country.
5. Has the Citizenship Amendment Act been challenged in court?
Ans. Yes, the Citizenship Amendment Act has been challenged in the Supreme Court of India. Several petitions have been filed questioning the constitutionality of the act. The court has heard arguments from both sides and is currently examining the matter. The final decision of the court will determine the fate of the Citizenship Amendment Act.
118 videos|602 docs|204 tests

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