All Exams  >   UPSC  >   Post Independence History for UPSC Mains  >   All Questions

All questions of Foreign Policy of India for UPSC CSE Exam

How did India contribute to the resolution of the conflict in Congo in the early 1960s?
  • a)
    India provided military support to one of the warring factions in Congo
  • b)
    India led the international peacekeeping force in Congo
  • c)
    India remained neutral and did not intervene in the conflict
  • d)
    India supported the secession of Katanga from Congo
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Arun Khatri answered
India played a significant role in resolving the conflict in Congo by leading the international peacekeeping force. Indian armed forces successfully brought the civil war to a close and restored the government's authority over Congo. This was a major achievement for India's foreign policy of non-alignment and commitment to peace.
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you? Download the App

During the Cold War, what was the primary reason for the strained relations between India and the United States?
  • a)
    India's refusal to recognize Communist China
  • b)
    India's support for Pakistan's inclusion in CENTO and SEATO
  • c)
    India's lack of economic ties with the United States
  • d)
    India's participation in the Korean War alongside the United States
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Anita Desai answered
The primary reason for strained relations between India and the United States during the Cold War was India's refusal to support Pakistan's inclusion in CENTO (Central Treaty Organization) and SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization). India saw these alliances as bringing the Cold War to the Indian subcontinent.

Which treaty did India and China sign in 1954, recognizing China's rights over Tibet?
  • a)
    Shimla Agreement
  • b)
    Panchsheel Treaty
  • c)
    Tashkent Agreement
  • d)
    Sino-Indian Treaty
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Sanjay Rana answered
India and China signed the Panchsheel Treaty in 1954, in which India recognized China's rights over Tibet. This treaty aimed to govern relations between the two countries and promote peaceful coexistence.

What event led to the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) being deployed in Sri Lanka in 1987?
  • a)
    A natural disaster in Sri Lanka
  • b)
    A coup d'état in Sri Lanka
  • c)
    Civil war between the LTTE and Sri Lankan forces
  • d)
    A diplomatic dispute between India and Sri Lanka
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Sanjay Rana answered
The deployment of the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) in Sri Lanka in 1987 was a response to the civil war between the LTTE (Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam) and Sri Lankan forces. India intervened to seek a peaceful resolution to the conflict and protect the rights of Tamil civilians.

What significant event led to India's involvement in the Sri Lanka crisis in the 1980s?
  • a)
    An economic crisis in Sri Lanka
  • b)
    A civil war between Sinhalese and Tamils
  • c)
    A coup d'état in Sri Lanka
  • d)
    A natural disaster in Sri Lanka
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Suresh Reddy answered
India became involved in the Sri Lanka crisis in the 1980s due to a civil war between the Sinhalese majority and the Tamil minority. The conflict escalated, leading to the intervention of the Indian government to support Tamil groups and seek a peaceful resolution.

What was the primary goal of the Indo-Sri Lanka Peace Accord signed in 1987?
  • a)
    To establish Indian control over Sri Lanka
  • b)
    To achieve a merger of the Northern and Eastern provinces of Sri Lanka
  • c)
    To promote devolution of power to Sri Lankan provinces
  • d)
    To disarm the Tamil Tigers (LTTE) by force
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Meera Kapoor answered
The primary goal of the Indo-Sri Lanka Peace Accord signed in 1987 was to promote devolution of power to Sri Lankan provinces, including a merger of the Northern and Eastern provinces into a single province, and to seek a peaceful resolution to the conflict in Sri Lanka.

What was the primary reason for Pakistan's armed attacks in the Rann of Kutch area of Gujarat in 1965?
  • a)
    To establish a military presence in the region.
  • b)
    To provoke India into a conflict.
  • c)
    To gain local support for its cause.
  • d)
    To secure territorial gains.
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Pakistan's primary reason for launching armed attacks in the Rann of Kutch area of Gujarat in 1965 was to establish a military presence in the region, rather than any immediate territorial gains. This conflict was one of the early signs of tension between India and Pakistan during that period.

What was the codename for India's first nuclear test in 1974?
  • a)
    Operation Shakti
  • b)
    Operation Smiling Buddha
  • c)
    Operation Pokhran-I
  • d)
    Operation Nuclear Peace
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Suresh Reddy answered
The codename for India's first nuclear test in 1974 was "Operation Smiling Buddha." This test marked India's entry into the group of countries with nuclear capabilities.

What slogan did Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri popularize during the 1965 Indo-Pak War?
  • a)
    Jai Hind, Jai Bharat
  • b)
    Inquilab Zindabad
  • c)
    Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan
  • d)
    Vande Mataram
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Suresh Reddy answered
Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri popularized the slogan "Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan" during the 1965 Indo-Pak War. This slogan emphasized the role of both soldiers (Jawan) and farmers (Kisan) in serving the nation, highlighting the need for self-sufficiency in food production during the war.

What was one of the main concerns for India during the Korean War (1950-53)?
  • a)
    Preventing North Korea from being labeled as the initial aggressor
  • b)
    Supporting North Korea's invasion of South Korea
  • c)
    Joining the war on the side of the United States
  • d)
    Seeking territorial gains in the Korean Peninsula
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Arun Khatri answered
One of India's main concerns during the Korean War was to prevent North Korea from being labeled as the initial aggressor. India supported the United States in the UN Security Council but was focused on preventing the entry of outside powers into the conflict.

India's foreign policy under Nehru aimed to achieve which of the following objectives?
  • a)
    Promote territorial expansion
  • b)
    Safeguard national interests and promote peace
  • c)
    Establish a military alliance with the United States
  • d)
    Colonize other nations
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Priya Menon answered
India's foreign policy under Nehru aimed to safeguard national interests and promote peace. It sought to defend and strengthen India's independence, develop self-reliance and self-confidence, serve the cause of world peace, and promote anti-colonialism. It did not aim for territorial expansion or colonization, and it pursued a policy of non-alignment to avoid military alliances with major powers.

What was one of the main reasons for the formation of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)?
  • a)
    To join a military bloc led by the Western powers
  • b)
    To promote military alliances with major powers
  • c)
    To resist joining military blocs and retain independence
  • d)
    To establish a military alliance with the Soviet Union
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Kavita Shah answered
The main reason for the formation of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) was to resist joining military blocs, such as those led by the Western powers and the Soviet Union, and to retain independence and sovereignty. NAM aimed to promote a policy of non-alignment and peaceful coexistence.

Chapter doubts & questions for Foreign Policy of India - Post Independence History for UPSC Mains 2024 is part of UPSC CSE exam preparation. The chapters have been prepared according to the UPSC CSE exam syllabus. The Chapter doubts & questions, notes, tests & MCQs are made for UPSC CSE 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests here.

Chapter doubts & questions of Foreign Policy of India - Post Independence History for UPSC Mains in English & Hindi are available as part of UPSC CSE exam. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for UPSC CSE Exam by signing up for free.

Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days!

Study with 1000+ FREE Docs, Videos & Tests
10M+ students study on EduRev