UPSC Social Issue for UPSC 2023 (Pre & Mains)Introduction:
The UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) examination is one of the most prestigious and competitive exams in India. It tests the knowledge and understanding of candidates in various subjects, including social issues. In the UPSC examination, social issues play a significant role, as they reflect the challenges faced by Indian society. This syllabus aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the social issues that candidates should focus on for the UPSC 2023 examination.Features of Indian Society:
1. Diversity: Understanding the diverse religious, linguistic, and cultural fabric of Indian society.
2. Caste System: Analyzing the historical context, impact, and present challenges associated with the caste system.
3. Rural-Urban Divide: Examining the disparities, issues, and policies related to the rural-urban divide in India.
4. Social Stratification: Understanding the various forms of social stratification, such as class, gender, and religion, and their impact on society.
5. Communalism and Secularism: Analyzing the challenges and importance of communal harmony and secularism in Indian society.
6. Social Movements: Studying the significant social movements in India, their impact, and their role in shaping society.Family:
1. Changing Family Structure: Analyzing the changes in the traditional family structure and the influence of modernization on family dynamics.
2. Gender Roles: Understanding the roles and expectations associated with gender within the family and their impact on social relations.
3. Family Planning: Examining the importance of family planning, government policies, and the challenges associated with population control.
4. Inter-generational Conflict: Analyzing the conflicts and challenges arising from generational differences within families.Women:
1. Gender Inequality: Understanding the various forms of gender inequality prevalent in Indian society and their consequences.
2. Violence against Women: Analyzing the causes, types, and consequences of violence against women and the measures to address it.
3. Women Empowerment: Examining the initiatives, policies, and challenges in promoting women's empowerment in India.
4. Women in Workforce: Studying the participation of women in the workforce, gender wage gap, and challenges faced by working women.Population:
1. Population Growth: Understanding the causes and consequences of population growth in India.
2. Demographic Dividend: Analyzing the potential benefits and challenges associated with India's young population.
3. Family Planning Programs: Examining the various family planning programs implemented in India and their effectiveness.
4. Aging Population: Understanding the challenges and implications of an aging population in India.Poverty:
1. Poverty Measurement: Understanding different poverty estimation methods and their limitations.
2. Poverty Alleviation Programs: Analyzing the effectiveness of poverty alleviation programs and their impact on poverty reduction.
3. Rural Poverty: Examining the causes, consequences, and strategies to address poverty in rural areas.
4. Urban Poverty: Understanding the challenges and policies related to poverty in urban areas.Urbanisation:
1. Urban Growth: Analyzing the trends and challenges associated with urbanization in India.
2. Urban Infrastructure: Examining the issues and policies related to urban infrastructure development.
3. Urban Housing: Understanding the challenges and initiatives in providing affordable housing to urban populations.
4. Urban Informal Sector: Studying the informal sector in urban areas, its contribution, and challenges faced by informal workers.Conclusion:
The syllabus provided above covers a wide range of social issues that are important for the UPSC 2023 examination. Candidates should focus on understanding the key concepts, analyzing the challenges and policies related to each issue, and critically evaluating their impact on Indian society. By gaining a comprehensive understanding of these social issues, candidates can effectively address related questions in both the UPSC Preliminary and Mains examinations.
This course is helpful for the following exams: UPSC