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Which of the following railway stations is the first in Indian Railways to get ISO certification from National Green Tribunal (NGT)?
  • a)
    Muzaffarpur railway station
  • b)
    Guwahati railway station
  • c)
    Rewari railway station
  • d)
    Bodh Gaya railway station
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?
Verified Answer
Which of the following railway stations is the first in Indian Railwa...
The Guwahati Railway Station has become the first-ever railway station in the Indian Railways to get an ISO certification from the National Green Tribunal (NGT) for “providing passenger amenities in a clean and green environment.”
The station also has amenities such as High-class reserve (VIP) lounge, waiting rooms, AC and non-AC retiring rooms, food courts and sanitation facilities.
ISO stands for “International Organisation for Standardisation” that is responsible for establishing the standard in different areas of activities.
Hence, the correct option is (b).
Most Upvoted Answer
Which of the following railway stations is the first in Indian Railwa...
Guwahati railway station is the first railway station in Indian Railways to receive ISO certification from the National Green Tribunal (NGT). This certification is a recognition of the station's efforts towards maintaining environmental sustainability and promoting eco-friendly practices.

Importance of ISO certification
ISO certification is a globally recognized standard for quality management systems. It signifies that a particular organization or establishment meets the required standards in various aspects, including environmental management. The certification is awarded by independent third-party auditors, ensuring credibility and trustworthiness.

Efforts of Guwahati railway station
Guwahati railway station has undertaken several initiatives to reduce its environmental impact and promote sustainable practices. Some key efforts include:

1. Waste management: The station has implemented effective waste management systems, including segregation of waste into different categories such as biodegradable, non-biodegradable, and recyclable waste. This helps in proper disposal and recycling, reducing the station's carbon footprint.

2. Energy conservation: Guwahati railway station has taken measures to conserve energy by installing energy-efficient lighting systems, using solar energy for certain operations, and promoting the use of energy-efficient appliances and equipment.

3. Water conservation: The station has implemented water conservation practices such as rainwater harvesting and efficient water management systems. This helps in minimizing water wastage and promoting sustainable water usage.

4. Green landscaping: Guwahati railway station has focused on creating green spaces and maintaining a well-landscaped environment. This not only enhances the aesthetic appeal but also contributes to air purification and overall environmental well-being.

5. Awareness campaigns: The station has actively conducted awareness campaigns and programs to educate passengers, railway staff, and other stakeholders about the importance of environmental sustainability and their role in contributing towards it.

Significance of the certification
The ISO certification received by Guwahati railway station highlights the commitment of Indian Railways towards environmental sustainability. It sets an example for other railway stations and organizations to adopt eco-friendly practices and work towards reducing their environmental impact. The certification also enhances the reputation of the station and instills confidence among passengers and stakeholders regarding its environmental initiatives.

Overall, Guwahati railway station's ISO certification from the National Green Tribunal is a significant achievement that recognizes its efforts towards promoting sustainable practices and environmental conservation. It serves as a positive step towards creating a greener and more sustainable railway network in India.
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Passage 1The classical realist theory of international relations has long dominated both academic institutions and the American government. Even at the birth of the nation, early political thinkers, such as Alexander Hamilton, promoted a realist view of international relations and sought to influence the actions of the government based on this perspective. While the classical realist school of international relations is not entirely homogeneous in nature, there are certain premises that all classical realists share.The primary principle underlying classical realism is a concern with issues of war and peace. Specifically, classical realists ask, what are the causes of war and what are the conditions of peace? The members of the classical realist school mainly attribute war and conflict to what is termed the security dilemma. In the absence ofany prevailing global authority, each nation is required to address its own security needs. However, each nations quest for security-through military buildups, alliances, or territorial defenses—necessarily unsettles other nations. These nations react to feelings of insecurity by engaging in their own aggressive actions, which leads other nations to react similarly, perpetuating the cycle.It is important to note that for realists, unlike idealists or liberal internationalists, international conflict is a necessary consequence of the structural anarchy that nations find themselves in. Whereas other schools may see international conflict as the result of evil dictators, historical chance, flawed socio political systems, or ignorance of world affairs, classical realists see war as the logical result of a system that by its nature lacks a true central authority.Hand in hand with this view of conflict as an inevitable condition of the global power structure is the realists view ofthe nation as a unitary actor. Because classical realists see international relations as a continuing struggle for dominance, the nation can not be viewed as a collection of individuals with disparate wants, goals, and ideologies. The realist view requires the formulation of a national interest, which in its simplest terms refers to the nations ability to survive, maintain its security, and achieve some level of power relative to its competitors.Realism is not without its critics, many of whom challenge the premise that war is the natural condition of international relations or that there can be a truly national interest. However, the realist school of international relations continues to shape foreign policy because ofthe successes it has had in describing real world interactions between nations.Q. Which of the following, if true, would best support the classical realist theory of international conflict as it is described in the passage?

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Which of the following railway stations is the first in Indian Railways to get ISO certification from National Green Tribunal (NGT)?a)Muzaffarpur railway stationb)Guwahati railway stationc)Rewari railway stationd)Bodh Gaya railway stationCorrect answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?
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