NEET  >  HC Verma Solutions: Chapter 37 - Magnetic Properties of Matter

# HC Verma Solutions: Chapter 37 - Magnetic Properties of Matter | Physics Class 11 - NEET

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``` Page 1

37.1
CHAPTER – 37
MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF MATTER
1. B = ?
0
ni, H =
0
B
?
? H = ni
? 1500 A/m = n× 2
? n = 750 turns/meter
? n = 7.5 turns/cm
2. (a) H = 1500 A/m
As the solenoid and the rod are long and we are interested in the magnetic intensity at the centre,
the end effects may be neglected. There is no effect of the rod on the magnetic intensity at the
centre.
(b) ? = 0.12 A/m
We know ?
?
= H X
?
X = Susceptibility
? X =
H
?
=
1500
12 . 0
= 0.00008 = 8 × 10
–5
(c)  The material is paramagnetic
3. B
1
= 2.5 × 10
–3
, B
2
= 2.5
A = 4 × 10
–4
m
2
, n = 50 turns/cm = 5000 turns/m
(a) B = ?
0
ni,
? 2.5 × 10
–3
= 4 ? × 10
–7
× 5000 × i
? i =
5000 10 4
10 5 . 2
7
3
? ? ?
?
?
?
= 0.398 A ˜ 0.4 A ?
(b) ? = H
B
0
2
?
?
= ) B B (
10 4
5 . 2
1 2
7
? ?
? ?
?
= 497 . 2
10 4
5 . 2
7
?
? ?
?
= 1.99 × 10
6
˜ 2 × 10
6
(c) ? =
V
M
? ? =
?
?
A
m
=
A
m
? m = ?A = 2 × 10
6
× 4 × 10
–4
= 800 A-m ?
4. (a) Given d = 15 cm = 0.15 m
l = 1 cm = 0.01 m
A = 1.0 cm
2
= 1 × 10
–4
m
2
B = 1.5 × 10
–4
T
M = ?
We Know B
?
=
2 2 2
0
) d (
Md 2
4
? ?
?
?
?
? 1.5 × 10
–4
=
2
7
) 0001 . 0 0225 . 0 (
15 . 0 M 2 10
?
? ? ?
?
=
4
8
10 01 . 5
M 10 3
?
?
?
?
? M =
8
4 4
10 3
10 01 . 5 10 5 . 1
?
? ?
?
? ? ?
= 2.5 A
(b) Magnetisation ? =
V
M
=
2 4
10 10
5 . 2
? ?
?
= 2.5 × 10
6
A/m
(c) H =
2
d 4
m
?
=
2
d 4
M
? ?
=
2
) 15 . 0 ( 01 . 0 14 . 3 4
5 . 2
? ? ?
net H = H
N
+ H
?
= 2 × 884.6 = 8.846 × 10
2
B
?
= ?
0
(–H + ?) = 4 ? × 10
–7
(2.5×10
6
– 2 × 884.6) ˜ 3,14 T
?
Page 2

37.1
CHAPTER – 37
MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF MATTER
1. B = ?
0
ni, H =
0
B
?
? H = ni
? 1500 A/m = n× 2
? n = 750 turns/meter
? n = 7.5 turns/cm
2. (a) H = 1500 A/m
As the solenoid and the rod are long and we are interested in the magnetic intensity at the centre,
the end effects may be neglected. There is no effect of the rod on the magnetic intensity at the
centre.
(b) ? = 0.12 A/m
We know ?
?
= H X
?
X = Susceptibility
? X =
H
?
=
1500
12 . 0
= 0.00008 = 8 × 10
–5
(c)  The material is paramagnetic
3. B
1
= 2.5 × 10
–3
, B
2
= 2.5
A = 4 × 10
–4
m
2
, n = 50 turns/cm = 5000 turns/m
(a) B = ?
0
ni,
? 2.5 × 10
–3
= 4 ? × 10
–7
× 5000 × i
? i =
5000 10 4
10 5 . 2
7
3
? ? ?
?
?
?
= 0.398 A ˜ 0.4 A ?
(b) ? = H
B
0
2
?
?
= ) B B (
10 4
5 . 2
1 2
7
? ?
? ?
?
= 497 . 2
10 4
5 . 2
7
?
? ?
?
= 1.99 × 10
6
˜ 2 × 10
6
(c) ? =
V
M
? ? =
?
?
A
m
=
A
m
? m = ?A = 2 × 10
6
× 4 × 10
–4
= 800 A-m ?
4. (a) Given d = 15 cm = 0.15 m
l = 1 cm = 0.01 m
A = 1.0 cm
2
= 1 × 10
–4
m
2
B = 1.5 × 10
–4
T
M = ?
We Know B
?
=
2 2 2
0
) d (
Md 2
4
? ?
?
?
?
? 1.5 × 10
–4
=
2
7
) 0001 . 0 0225 . 0 (
15 . 0 M 2 10
?
? ? ?
?
=
4
8
10 01 . 5
M 10 3
?
?
?
?
? M =
8
4 4
10 3
10 01 . 5 10 5 . 1
?
? ?
?
? ? ?
= 2.5 A
(b) Magnetisation ? =
V
M
=
2 4
10 10
5 . 2
? ?
?
= 2.5 × 10
6
A/m
(c) H =
2
d 4
m
?
=
2
d 4
M
? ?
=
2
) 15 . 0 ( 01 . 0 14 . 3 4
5 . 2
? ? ?
net H = H
N
+ H
?
= 2 × 884.6 = 8.846 × 10
2
B
?
= ?
0
(–H + ?) = 4 ? × 10
–7
(2.5×10
6
– 2 × 884.6) ˜ 3,14 T
?
Magnetic Properties of Matter
37.2
5. Permiability ( ?) = ?
0
(1 + x)
Given susceptibility = 5500
? = 4 × 10
–7
(1 + 5500)
= 4 × 3.14 × 10
–7
× 5501 6909.56 × 10
–7
˜ 6.9 × 10
–3
6. B = 1.6 T, H = 1000 A/m
? = Permeability of material
? =
H
B
=
1000
6 . 1
= 1.6 × 10
–3
?r =
0
?
?
=
7
3
10 4
10 6 . 1
?
?
? ?
?
= 0.127 × 10
4
˜ 1.3 × 10
3
? = ?
0
(1 + x)
? x = 1
0
?
?
?
= ?
r
– 1 = 1.3 × 10
3
– 1 = 1300 – 1 = 1299 ˜ 1.3 × 10
3
?
7. x =
T
C
= ?
2
1
x
x
=
1
2
T
T
?
5
5
10 8 . 1
10 2 . 1
?
?
?
?
=
300
T
2

? T
2
= 300
18
12
? = 200 K.
8. ? = 8.52 × 10
28
atoms/m
3
For maximum ‘ ?’, Let us consider the no. of atoms present in 1 m
3
of volume.
Given: m per atom = 2 × 9.27 × 10
–24
A–m
2
? =
V
m net
= 2 × 9.27 × 10
–24
× 8.52 × 10
28
˜ 1.58 × 10
6
A/m
B = ?
0
(H + ?) = ?
0
? [ ? H = 0 in this case]
= 4 ? × 10
–7
× 1.58 × 10
6
= 1.98 × 10
–1
˜ 2.0 T ?
9. B = ?
0
ni, H =
0
B
?
Given n = 40 turn/cm = 4000 turns/m
? H = ni
H = 4 × 10
4
A/m
? i =
n
H
=
4000
10 4
4
?
= 10 A.
? ? ? ? ?
```

## Physics Class 11

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## Physics Class 11

124 videos|464 docs|210 tests

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