The cloze test is a kind of integrative test in which the entire word is rationally or randomly deleted. The word “cloze” was derived from “closure” indicating that humans are able to fill in what is missing by using their prior knowledge or their experience. A cloze test involves a piece of text, from which a number of words have been removed.
Students are then instructed to fill in the blanks for the passage. Teachers are able to use the student’s answers to determine the reading level of the passage.
Important steps while solving a question of cloze test.
1. First, slowly read all the text without filling any of the gaps. Read it until you have a clear understanding of what the text is about.
2. Only those gaps that you are sure of must be filled first.
3. Analyse the parts of speech that may fit in the gap and pay attention to the grammar of the words around gap.
4. A few gaps may even demand a vocabulary item such as an idiom (beat around the bush), a phrasal verb (hang up the phone) or a collocation( make a choice).