Coal Distribution across the world Notes | EduRev

Geography for UPSC CSE

UPSC : Coal Distribution across the world Notes | EduRev

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Distribution of Coal across the World

  • Most of the Russia’s coal in Siberian Region is untapped.
  • Carboniferous coal of Great Lakes and Appalachians region helped USA become a leading industrialized nation.
  • Coal reserves in Ruhr and Rhineland region coupled with rich iron deposits have made Germany a leading industrial super power of Europe.
  • England too benefited immensely from its coal reserves of South Whales, Yorkshire, Manchester, Liverpool etc. Industrial revolution began here mainly due to rich coal reserves.
  • Brazil is a leading coal producer in South America. Most of the coal goes into power generation. Excess production is exported to China.
  • Australia is a leading producer of coal. Most of its coal is exported to China, Japan etc. Australia has rick coking coal deposits. India imports coking coal mainly from Australia.
  • China’s coal is of poor quality. It imports metallurgical grade coal from Australia.
  • South Africa is the only region in Africa with significant amount of coal reserves.

Global Coal Reserves

Coal Distribution across the world Notes | EduRev

Top Producers and Consumers of Coal in the World

Distribution of Coal in USA

  • World’s second biggest coal producing country.
  • World’s second biggest coal consumer [China first].
  • 37% of the country’s electricity generation come from coal.
  • Coal mining occurs in 25 states of which Wyoming, West Virginia, Kentucky, Pennsylvania and Texas are the biggest coal producers.
  • The North Antelope ROCHELLE COAL MINE located in the Powder River Basin of Wyoming is the world’s biggest coal mine
  • Allegheny Mountains and Appalachian Mountains have enormous coal deposits.
  • Most coal now produced in the United States is mined in western surface mines, especially in Wyoming’s Powder River Basin.

Distribution of Coal in China

  • World’s third biggest coal reserves.
  • Largest producer and consumer of coal in the world.
  • Largest user of coal-derived electricity [68.7%].
  • Industry hugely dependent on Coal.
  • Photochemical smog == Intensifying environmental concerns all over China due to coal burning
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