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Current Affairs : Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Guaranteeing healthcare, the Brazilian way 
?Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro will be our 
guest at New Delhi this Republic Day. 
?Achieving universal health coverage is a very 
complex task, especially for developing 
countries.  
?Brazil: only country where more than 100 
million inhabitants have a universal health 
system. 
?Unified Health System was written into the 
new Constitution in 1988.  
 
Page 2


Guaranteeing healthcare, the Brazilian way 
?Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro will be our 
guest at New Delhi this Republic Day. 
?Achieving universal health coverage is a very 
complex task, especially for developing 
countries.  
?Brazil: only country where more than 100 
million inhabitants have a universal health 
system. 
?Unified Health System was written into the 
new Constitution in 1988.  
 
?Life expectancy has increased from 64 
years to almost 76 years. 
?Infant Mortality Rate has declined 
from 53 to 14 per 1,000 live births.  
?Polio vaccination has reached 98% of 
the population.  
?2015 report: 95% of those that seek 
care in the SUS are able to receive 
treatment. 
Page 3


Guaranteeing healthcare, the Brazilian way 
?Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro will be our 
guest at New Delhi this Republic Day. 
?Achieving universal health coverage is a very 
complex task, especially for developing 
countries.  
?Brazil: only country where more than 100 
million inhabitants have a universal health 
system. 
?Unified Health System was written into the 
new Constitution in 1988.  
 
?Life expectancy has increased from 64 
years to almost 76 years. 
?Infant Mortality Rate has declined 
from 53 to 14 per 1,000 live births.  
?Polio vaccination has reached 98% of 
the population.  
?2015 report: 95% of those that seek 
care in the SUS are able to receive 
treatment. 
?NHS: 7.9% of B r i ta i n ’ s GDP 
?Brazil spends only 3.8% of its GDP on 
the SUS 
?Brazil will need to increase by nearly 
1.6 percentage points of the GDP by 
2060 in order to cover the healthcare 
needs of a fast-ageing society. 
?Achieving universal coverage in India 
with a population of 1.3 billion, is a 
challenge of epic proportions. 
Page 4


Guaranteeing healthcare, the Brazilian way 
?Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro will be our 
guest at New Delhi this Republic Day. 
?Achieving universal health coverage is a very 
complex task, especially for developing 
countries.  
?Brazil: only country where more than 100 
million inhabitants have a universal health 
system. 
?Unified Health System was written into the 
new Constitution in 1988.  
 
?Life expectancy has increased from 64 
years to almost 76 years. 
?Infant Mortality Rate has declined 
from 53 to 14 per 1,000 live births.  
?Polio vaccination has reached 98% of 
the population.  
?2015 report: 95% of those that seek 
care in the SUS are able to receive 
treatment. 
?NHS: 7.9% of B r i ta i n ’ s GDP 
?Brazil spends only 3.8% of its GDP on 
the SUS 
?Brazil will need to increase by nearly 
1.6 percentage points of the GDP by 
2060 in order to cover the healthcare 
needs of a fast-ageing society. 
?Achieving universal coverage in India 
with a population of 1.3 billion, is a 
challenge of epic proportions. 
?Public health expenditure is still very 
low in India, at around 1.3% of GDP in 
the 2017-2018 fiscal year. 
?Family Health Programme (Programa 
Saúde da Família) 
?Community-based healthcare network 
?Community health agents who perform monthly 
visits to every family enrolled in the 
programme. 
?They conduct health promotion and prevention 
activities. 
?4% of coverage in 2000 to up to 64% of the 
overall population in 2015 
Page 5


Guaranteeing healthcare, the Brazilian way 
?Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro will be our 
guest at New Delhi this Republic Day. 
?Achieving universal health coverage is a very 
complex task, especially for developing 
countries.  
?Brazil: only country where more than 100 
million inhabitants have a universal health 
system. 
?Unified Health System was written into the 
new Constitution in 1988.  
 
?Life expectancy has increased from 64 
years to almost 76 years. 
?Infant Mortality Rate has declined 
from 53 to 14 per 1,000 live births.  
?Polio vaccination has reached 98% of 
the population.  
?2015 report: 95% of those that seek 
care in the SUS are able to receive 
treatment. 
?NHS: 7.9% of B r i ta i n ’ s GDP 
?Brazil spends only 3.8% of its GDP on 
the SUS 
?Brazil will need to increase by nearly 
1.6 percentage points of the GDP by 
2060 in order to cover the healthcare 
needs of a fast-ageing society. 
?Achieving universal coverage in India 
with a population of 1.3 billion, is a 
challenge of epic proportions. 
?Public health expenditure is still very 
low in India, at around 1.3% of GDP in 
the 2017-2018 fiscal year. 
?Family Health Programme (Programa 
Saúde da Família) 
?Community-based healthcare network 
?Community health agents who perform monthly 
visits to every family enrolled in the 
programme. 
?They conduct health promotion and prevention 
activities. 
?4% of coverage in 2000 to up to 64% of the 
overall population in 2015 
?Tamil Nadu, Sikkim, and Bihar differ in 
so many ways. 
?Combination of standardised 
programmes and autonomy 
?Moreover, regional disparities in terms 
of resources and institutional 
capabilities must be addressed.  
?This diversity, nevertheless, can be a 
powerful source of policy innovation 
and creativity. 
 
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