Daily Analysis of 'The Hindu' - 26th July, 2020 Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

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Current Affairs : Daily Analysis of 'The Hindu' - 26th July, 2020 Current Affairs Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


7/26/2020
1
26-JULY-2020
S. 
No.
News Articles
Page Number* 
C B D H T
1
Cabinet decision binding on Governor
9 7 7 7 7
2
Inherited sensations
13 11 11 13 11
3
UN report flags IS threat in Karnataka, Kerala
1 1 1 1 1
4
NCLAT upholds Adani’s takeover plan for Dighi Port
12 10 10 10 10
5
IIT Kharagpur develops Rapid Test Kit
10 8 8 8 8
6
Prelims Practice Questions
The Hindu News Analysis – 26
th
July 2020
Page 2


7/26/2020
1
26-JULY-2020
S. 
No.
News Articles
Page Number* 
C B D H T
1
Cabinet decision binding on Governor
9 7 7 7 7
2
Inherited sensations
13 11 11 13 11
3
UN report flags IS threat in Karnataka, Kerala
1 1 1 1 1
4
NCLAT upholds Adani’s takeover plan for Dighi Port
12 10 10 10 10
5
IIT Kharagpur develops Rapid Test Kit
10 8 8 8 8
6
Prelims Practice Questions
The Hindu News Analysis – 26
th
July 2020
7/26/2020
2
Part A—Preliminary Examination
Paper I - (200 marks) 
? C u r r e n t e v e nt s o f n a t i o n a l a n d i n t e r n a t i o n a l i m por t a nc e .
? I n d i a n P o l i t y a n d G o v e r n a n c e - C o n s t i t u t i o n , P o l i t i c a l S y s t e m ,
P a n c ha y a t i R a j , P u bl i c P o l i c y , R i g h t s I s s u e s , e t c.
Part B—Main Examination 
PAPER-III 
General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social
Justice and International relations
• I n d i a n C o n s t i t u t i o n — hi s t o r i c a l u n d e r p i nni n g s , e v o l u t i o n ,
f e a t u r e s , a m e n dm e n t s , s i gni f i c a n t p r o v i s i o n s a n d b a s i c
s t r u c t u r e .
• P a r l i a m e nt a n d S t a t e l e gi s l a t u r e s —s t r u c t u r e , f unc t i oni n g ,
c o n d u c t of b u s i n e s s , p o w e r s & pr i v i l e g e s a n d i s s u e s a r i s i n g out
o f t h e s e .
• S t r u c t u r e , o r g a ni z a t i on a n d f u n c t i o n i n g o f t h e Exe c u t i v e a n d t h e
J u d i c i a r y —M i n i s t r i e s a n d D e pa r t m e n t s of t he G o v e r n m e nt ;
p r e s s u r e g r oup s a n d f o r m a l / i nf or m a l a s s o c i a t i o n s a nd t h e i r r o l e
i n t h e P ol i t y
• A p p o i n t m e n t t o v a r i o u s C o n s t i t u t i o n a l pos t s , p o w e r s , f u n c t i o n s
a n d r e s pons i bi l i t i e s o f va r i o u s C o n s t i t u t i o n a l B o d i e s .
Pg: 9 – C; 7 – B, D, H, T; 
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
163. Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor.—
(1) There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Chief
Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor
in the exercise of his functions, except in so far as
he is by or under this Constitution required to
exercise his functions or any of them in his
discretion.
(2) If any question arises whether any matter is or is
not a matter as respects which the Governor is by
or under this Constitution required to act in his
discretion, the decision of the Governor in his
discretion shall be final, and the validity of anything
done by the Governor shall not be called in question
on the ground that he ought or ought not to have
acted in his discretion.
(3) The question whether any, and if so what, advice
was tendered by Ministers to the Governor shall not
be inquired into in any court.
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
174. Sessions of the State Legislature, prorogation and 
dissolution.—
(1) The Governor shall from time to time summon the
House or each House of the Legislature of the State
to meet at such time and place as he thinks fit, but
six months shall not intervene between its last sitting
in one session and the date appointed for its first
sitting in the next session.
(2) The Governor may from time to time—
(a) prorogue the House or either House;
(b) dissolve the Legislative Assembly.
Page 3


7/26/2020
1
26-JULY-2020
S. 
No.
News Articles
Page Number* 
C B D H T
1
Cabinet decision binding on Governor
9 7 7 7 7
2
Inherited sensations
13 11 11 13 11
3
UN report flags IS threat in Karnataka, Kerala
1 1 1 1 1
4
NCLAT upholds Adani’s takeover plan for Dighi Port
12 10 10 10 10
5
IIT Kharagpur develops Rapid Test Kit
10 8 8 8 8
6
Prelims Practice Questions
The Hindu News Analysis – 26
th
July 2020
7/26/2020
2
Part A—Preliminary Examination
Paper I - (200 marks) 
? C u r r e n t e v e nt s o f n a t i o n a l a n d i n t e r n a t i o n a l i m por t a nc e .
? I n d i a n P o l i t y a n d G o v e r n a n c e - C o n s t i t u t i o n , P o l i t i c a l S y s t e m ,
P a n c ha y a t i R a j , P u bl i c P o l i c y , R i g h t s I s s u e s , e t c.
Part B—Main Examination 
PAPER-III 
General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social
Justice and International relations
• I n d i a n C o n s t i t u t i o n — hi s t o r i c a l u n d e r p i nni n g s , e v o l u t i o n ,
f e a t u r e s , a m e n dm e n t s , s i gni f i c a n t p r o v i s i o n s a n d b a s i c
s t r u c t u r e .
• P a r l i a m e nt a n d S t a t e l e gi s l a t u r e s —s t r u c t u r e , f unc t i oni n g ,
c o n d u c t of b u s i n e s s , p o w e r s & pr i v i l e g e s a n d i s s u e s a r i s i n g out
o f t h e s e .
• S t r u c t u r e , o r g a ni z a t i on a n d f u n c t i o n i n g o f t h e Exe c u t i v e a n d t h e
J u d i c i a r y —M i n i s t r i e s a n d D e pa r t m e n t s of t he G o v e r n m e nt ;
p r e s s u r e g r oup s a n d f o r m a l / i nf or m a l a s s o c i a t i o n s a nd t h e i r r o l e
i n t h e P ol i t y
• A p p o i n t m e n t t o v a r i o u s C o n s t i t u t i o n a l pos t s , p o w e r s , f u n c t i o n s
a n d r e s pons i bi l i t i e s o f va r i o u s C o n s t i t u t i o n a l B o d i e s .
Pg: 9 – C; 7 – B, D, H, T; 
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
163. Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor.—
(1) There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Chief
Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor
in the exercise of his functions, except in so far as
he is by or under this Constitution required to
exercise his functions or any of them in his
discretion.
(2) If any question arises whether any matter is or is
not a matter as respects which the Governor is by
or under this Constitution required to act in his
discretion, the decision of the Governor in his
discretion shall be final, and the validity of anything
done by the Governor shall not be called in question
on the ground that he ought or ought not to have
acted in his discretion.
(3) The question whether any, and if so what, advice
was tendered by Ministers to the Governor shall not
be inquired into in any court.
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
174. Sessions of the State Legislature, prorogation and 
dissolution.—
(1) The Governor shall from time to time summon the
House or each House of the Legislature of the State
to meet at such time and place as he thinks fit, but
six months shall not intervene between its last sitting
in one session and the date appointed for its first
sitting in the next session.
(2) The Governor may from time to time—
(a) prorogue the House or either House;
(b) dissolve the Legislative Assembly.
7/26/2020
3
• Accepted principle - in a parliamentary
democracy with a responsible form of government,
the powers of the Governor as Constitutional head
or formal head of the State should not be
enlarged at the cost of the real executive,
namely the Council of Ministers.
? Article 163 does not give a general
discretionary power to the Governor to act
against or without the advice of her Council of
Ministers.
? The area for exercising her discretion is
limited - choice of action should not be
arbitrary or fanciful.
? Discretionary choice - dictated by reason,
actuated by good faith and moderated by
caution.
• Nabam Rebia and Bamang Felix vs. Deputy
Speaker, Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly,
2016
? SC endorsed and adopted the conclusion of
Justice Sarkaria Commission report and Justice
M.M. Punchhi Commission report, as the correct
expression of constitutional interpretation.
? If Council of Ministers enjoy the confidence of
the House, the aid and advice of Council of
Ministers headed by CM is binding on the
Governor, on the subject of summoning,
proroguing or dissolving the Houses of the State
Legislature.
General information
• Governor possesses executive, legislative, financial 
and judicial powers and functions similar to the 
President, but has no diplomatic, military or 
emergency powers like President. 
? Executive 
? appointing the chief minister and other 
ministers,
? making rules for more convenient transaction 
of business of state government etc.
? If the Government in power has lost the
confidence of the House - as and when the CM
does not enjoy support from the majority of
the House, it is open to the Governor to act
at her own, without any aid and advice.
? Aid and advice sustains and subsists, till the
Government enjoys the confidence of the
Legislature.
? Rajasthan Assembly issue - Governor is bound
to convene a meeting of the Assembly for a
floor test on the recommendation of the
Cabinet.
Page 4


7/26/2020
1
26-JULY-2020
S. 
No.
News Articles
Page Number* 
C B D H T
1
Cabinet decision binding on Governor
9 7 7 7 7
2
Inherited sensations
13 11 11 13 11
3
UN report flags IS threat in Karnataka, Kerala
1 1 1 1 1
4
NCLAT upholds Adani’s takeover plan for Dighi Port
12 10 10 10 10
5
IIT Kharagpur develops Rapid Test Kit
10 8 8 8 8
6
Prelims Practice Questions
The Hindu News Analysis – 26
th
July 2020
7/26/2020
2
Part A—Preliminary Examination
Paper I - (200 marks) 
? C u r r e n t e v e nt s o f n a t i o n a l a n d i n t e r n a t i o n a l i m por t a nc e .
? I n d i a n P o l i t y a n d G o v e r n a n c e - C o n s t i t u t i o n , P o l i t i c a l S y s t e m ,
P a n c ha y a t i R a j , P u bl i c P o l i c y , R i g h t s I s s u e s , e t c.
Part B—Main Examination 
PAPER-III 
General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social
Justice and International relations
• I n d i a n C o n s t i t u t i o n — hi s t o r i c a l u n d e r p i nni n g s , e v o l u t i o n ,
f e a t u r e s , a m e n dm e n t s , s i gni f i c a n t p r o v i s i o n s a n d b a s i c
s t r u c t u r e .
• P a r l i a m e nt a n d S t a t e l e gi s l a t u r e s —s t r u c t u r e , f unc t i oni n g ,
c o n d u c t of b u s i n e s s , p o w e r s & pr i v i l e g e s a n d i s s u e s a r i s i n g out
o f t h e s e .
• S t r u c t u r e , o r g a ni z a t i on a n d f u n c t i o n i n g o f t h e Exe c u t i v e a n d t h e
J u d i c i a r y —M i n i s t r i e s a n d D e pa r t m e n t s of t he G o v e r n m e nt ;
p r e s s u r e g r oup s a n d f o r m a l / i nf or m a l a s s o c i a t i o n s a nd t h e i r r o l e
i n t h e P ol i t y
• A p p o i n t m e n t t o v a r i o u s C o n s t i t u t i o n a l pos t s , p o w e r s , f u n c t i o n s
a n d r e s pons i bi l i t i e s o f va r i o u s C o n s t i t u t i o n a l B o d i e s .
Pg: 9 – C; 7 – B, D, H, T; 
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
163. Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor.—
(1) There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Chief
Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor
in the exercise of his functions, except in so far as
he is by or under this Constitution required to
exercise his functions or any of them in his
discretion.
(2) If any question arises whether any matter is or is
not a matter as respects which the Governor is by
or under this Constitution required to act in his
discretion, the decision of the Governor in his
discretion shall be final, and the validity of anything
done by the Governor shall not be called in question
on the ground that he ought or ought not to have
acted in his discretion.
(3) The question whether any, and if so what, advice
was tendered by Ministers to the Governor shall not
be inquired into in any court.
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
174. Sessions of the State Legislature, prorogation and 
dissolution.—
(1) The Governor shall from time to time summon the
House or each House of the Legislature of the State
to meet at such time and place as he thinks fit, but
six months shall not intervene between its last sitting
in one session and the date appointed for its first
sitting in the next session.
(2) The Governor may from time to time—
(a) prorogue the House or either House;
(b) dissolve the Legislative Assembly.
7/26/2020
3
• Accepted principle - in a parliamentary
democracy with a responsible form of government,
the powers of the Governor as Constitutional head
or formal head of the State should not be
enlarged at the cost of the real executive,
namely the Council of Ministers.
? Article 163 does not give a general
discretionary power to the Governor to act
against or without the advice of her Council of
Ministers.
? The area for exercising her discretion is
limited - choice of action should not be
arbitrary or fanciful.
? Discretionary choice - dictated by reason,
actuated by good faith and moderated by
caution.
• Nabam Rebia and Bamang Felix vs. Deputy
Speaker, Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly,
2016
? SC endorsed and adopted the conclusion of
Justice Sarkaria Commission report and Justice
M.M. Punchhi Commission report, as the correct
expression of constitutional interpretation.
? If Council of Ministers enjoy the confidence of
the House, the aid and advice of Council of
Ministers headed by CM is binding on the
Governor, on the subject of summoning,
proroguing or dissolving the Houses of the State
Legislature.
General information
• Governor possesses executive, legislative, financial 
and judicial powers and functions similar to the 
President, but has no diplomatic, military or 
emergency powers like President. 
? Executive 
? appointing the chief minister and other 
ministers,
? making rules for more convenient transaction 
of business of state government etc.
? If the Government in power has lost the
confidence of the House - as and when the CM
does not enjoy support from the majority of
the House, it is open to the Governor to act
at her own, without any aid and advice.
? Aid and advice sustains and subsists, till the
Government enjoys the confidence of the
Legislature.
? Rajasthan Assembly issue - Governor is bound
to convene a meeting of the Assembly for a
floor test on the recommendation of the
Cabinet.
7/26/2020
4
? Legislative - can promulgate ordinances when
the state legislature is not in session.
? Financial - Money bills can be introduced in
the state legislature only with her prior
recommendation.
? Judicial – granting pardons, reprives, respites
and remissions of punishment or suspend, remit
and commute the sentence of any person
convicted of any offence against a state law.
Practice Question – Prelims
Q. Consider the following statements:
1. The Governor shall make rules for the
more convenient transaction of the
business of the Government of the State,
and for the allocation among Ministers of
the said business.
2. All executive actions of the Government
of a State shall be expressed to be taken
in the name of the Chief Minister.
Which of the statements given above is/are 
correct ?
(a) 1 only 
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Previous Year Question – Prelims 2014
Q. Which of the following are the discretionary 
powers given to the Governor of a State?
1. Sending a report to the President of India for 
imposing the President’s rule.
2. Appointing the Ministers.
3. Reserving certain bills passed by the State 
Legislature for consideration of the President 
of India.
4. Making the rules to conduct the business of 
the State Government.
Select the correct answer using the code given 
below:
(a) 1 and 2 only 
(b) 1 and 3 only (Correct Answer)
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only 
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Page 5


7/26/2020
1
26-JULY-2020
S. 
No.
News Articles
Page Number* 
C B D H T
1
Cabinet decision binding on Governor
9 7 7 7 7
2
Inherited sensations
13 11 11 13 11
3
UN report flags IS threat in Karnataka, Kerala
1 1 1 1 1
4
NCLAT upholds Adani’s takeover plan for Dighi Port
12 10 10 10 10
5
IIT Kharagpur develops Rapid Test Kit
10 8 8 8 8
6
Prelims Practice Questions
The Hindu News Analysis – 26
th
July 2020
7/26/2020
2
Part A—Preliminary Examination
Paper I - (200 marks) 
? C u r r e n t e v e nt s o f n a t i o n a l a n d i n t e r n a t i o n a l i m por t a nc e .
? I n d i a n P o l i t y a n d G o v e r n a n c e - C o n s t i t u t i o n , P o l i t i c a l S y s t e m ,
P a n c ha y a t i R a j , P u bl i c P o l i c y , R i g h t s I s s u e s , e t c.
Part B—Main Examination 
PAPER-III 
General Studies- II: Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social
Justice and International relations
• I n d i a n C o n s t i t u t i o n — hi s t o r i c a l u n d e r p i nni n g s , e v o l u t i o n ,
f e a t u r e s , a m e n dm e n t s , s i gni f i c a n t p r o v i s i o n s a n d b a s i c
s t r u c t u r e .
• P a r l i a m e nt a n d S t a t e l e gi s l a t u r e s —s t r u c t u r e , f unc t i oni n g ,
c o n d u c t of b u s i n e s s , p o w e r s & pr i v i l e g e s a n d i s s u e s a r i s i n g out
o f t h e s e .
• S t r u c t u r e , o r g a ni z a t i on a n d f u n c t i o n i n g o f t h e Exe c u t i v e a n d t h e
J u d i c i a r y —M i n i s t r i e s a n d D e pa r t m e n t s of t he G o v e r n m e nt ;
p r e s s u r e g r oup s a n d f o r m a l / i nf or m a l a s s o c i a t i o n s a nd t h e i r r o l e
i n t h e P ol i t y
• A p p o i n t m e n t t o v a r i o u s C o n s t i t u t i o n a l pos t s , p o w e r s , f u n c t i o n s
a n d r e s pons i bi l i t i e s o f va r i o u s C o n s t i t u t i o n a l B o d i e s .
Pg: 9 – C; 7 – B, D, H, T; 
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
163. Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor.—
(1) There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Chief
Minister at the head to aid and advise the Governor
in the exercise of his functions, except in so far as
he is by or under this Constitution required to
exercise his functions or any of them in his
discretion.
(2) If any question arises whether any matter is or is
not a matter as respects which the Governor is by
or under this Constitution required to act in his
discretion, the decision of the Governor in his
discretion shall be final, and the validity of anything
done by the Governor shall not be called in question
on the ground that he ought or ought not to have
acted in his discretion.
(3) The question whether any, and if so what, advice
was tendered by Ministers to the Governor shall not
be inquired into in any court.
CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
174. Sessions of the State Legislature, prorogation and 
dissolution.—
(1) The Governor shall from time to time summon the
House or each House of the Legislature of the State
to meet at such time and place as he thinks fit, but
six months shall not intervene between its last sitting
in one session and the date appointed for its first
sitting in the next session.
(2) The Governor may from time to time—
(a) prorogue the House or either House;
(b) dissolve the Legislative Assembly.
7/26/2020
3
• Accepted principle - in a parliamentary
democracy with a responsible form of government,
the powers of the Governor as Constitutional head
or formal head of the State should not be
enlarged at the cost of the real executive,
namely the Council of Ministers.
? Article 163 does not give a general
discretionary power to the Governor to act
against or without the advice of her Council of
Ministers.
? The area for exercising her discretion is
limited - choice of action should not be
arbitrary or fanciful.
? Discretionary choice - dictated by reason,
actuated by good faith and moderated by
caution.
• Nabam Rebia and Bamang Felix vs. Deputy
Speaker, Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly,
2016
? SC endorsed and adopted the conclusion of
Justice Sarkaria Commission report and Justice
M.M. Punchhi Commission report, as the correct
expression of constitutional interpretation.
? If Council of Ministers enjoy the confidence of
the House, the aid and advice of Council of
Ministers headed by CM is binding on the
Governor, on the subject of summoning,
proroguing or dissolving the Houses of the State
Legislature.
General information
• Governor possesses executive, legislative, financial 
and judicial powers and functions similar to the 
President, but has no diplomatic, military or 
emergency powers like President. 
? Executive 
? appointing the chief minister and other 
ministers,
? making rules for more convenient transaction 
of business of state government etc.
? If the Government in power has lost the
confidence of the House - as and when the CM
does not enjoy support from the majority of
the House, it is open to the Governor to act
at her own, without any aid and advice.
? Aid and advice sustains and subsists, till the
Government enjoys the confidence of the
Legislature.
? Rajasthan Assembly issue - Governor is bound
to convene a meeting of the Assembly for a
floor test on the recommendation of the
Cabinet.
7/26/2020
4
? Legislative - can promulgate ordinances when
the state legislature is not in session.
? Financial - Money bills can be introduced in
the state legislature only with her prior
recommendation.
? Judicial – granting pardons, reprives, respites
and remissions of punishment or suspend, remit
and commute the sentence of any person
convicted of any offence against a state law.
Practice Question – Prelims
Q. Consider the following statements:
1. The Governor shall make rules for the
more convenient transaction of the
business of the Government of the State,
and for the allocation among Ministers of
the said business.
2. All executive actions of the Government
of a State shall be expressed to be taken
in the name of the Chief Minister.
Which of the statements given above is/are 
correct ?
(a) 1 only 
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Previous Year Question – Prelims 2014
Q. Which of the following are the discretionary 
powers given to the Governor of a State?
1. Sending a report to the President of India for 
imposing the President’s rule.
2. Appointing the Ministers.
3. Reserving certain bills passed by the State 
Legislature for consideration of the President 
of India.
4. Making the rules to conduct the business of 
the State Government.
Select the correct answer using the code given 
below:
(a) 1 and 2 only 
(b) 1 and 3 only (Correct Answer)
(c) 2, 3 and 4 only 
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
7/26/2020
5
Part A—Preliminary Examination
Paper I - (200 marks) 
? C ur r e n t e v e n t s of n a t i on a l a nd i n t e r n a t i on a l i m po r t a n c e .
Part B—Main Examination 
PAPER-IV 
General Studies-III: Technology, Economic
Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and
Disaster Management
• S c i e n c e a n d T e c h n o l ogy - de ve l op m e n t s a nd t h e i r
a p pl i c a t i o n s a n d e f f e c t s i n e v e r y d a y l i f e .
Pg: 13 – C, H; 11 – B, 
D, T;  
• News: Researchers found that some people
from Central and South America and Europe
have inherited a Neanderthal variant of a
gene, which encodes an ion channel in nerve
cells that initiates the sensation of pain.
? It explains how some people have a low
threshold of pain.
Origin and Evolution of human beings
• Human evolution is the lengthy process of
change by which people originated from
apelike ancestors.
• Physical and behavioural traits shared by all
people originated from apelike ancestors and
evolved over a period of approximately six
million years.
? Bipedalism- the ability to walk on two
legs- evolved over 4 million years ago.
? Characteristics such as a large and
complex brain, the ability to make and
use tools, and the capacity for language
developed more recently.
? Advanced traits such as complex symbolic
expression, art, and elaborate cultural
diversity, emerged mainly during the past
100,000 years.
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