Notes | EduRev

Current Affairs & Hindu Analysis: Daily, Weekly & Monthly

Current Affairs : Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


• Abetment 
• Collation
• Jeopardize  
Page 2


• Abetment 
• Collation
• Jeopardize  
Gaganyaan, Chandrayaan-3 in mission mode, 
says ISRO
Four astronauts shortlisted for space trip to undergo training in Russia: Sivan
• Four pilots from the Indian Air Force (IAF) will leave for Russia this month to receive 
training as astronauts of Gaganyaan, the first Indian crewed flight to space.They were 
shortlisted after a series of fitness and endurance tests, ISRO Chairman K. Sivan announced 
at a press meet on Wednesday.
• The initial tests were conducted in the IAF’s Institute of Aerospace Medicine, 
Bengaluru, and Russia. The four will leave in the third week of January to be trained at the 
Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Centre in Moscow, as per an agreement signed between the 
space agencies of the two countries last year.
Set for 2022
• Gaganyaan, announced by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in August 2018, is the 
?10,000-crore Indian human space flight scheduled for 2022. It is designed to have 3-7 
crew members spend 3-7 days in space in a 400-km orbit.
Page 3


• Abetment 
• Collation
• Jeopardize  
Gaganyaan, Chandrayaan-3 in mission mode, 
says ISRO
Four astronauts shortlisted for space trip to undergo training in Russia: Sivan
• Four pilots from the Indian Air Force (IAF) will leave for Russia this month to receive 
training as astronauts of Gaganyaan, the first Indian crewed flight to space.They were 
shortlisted after a series of fitness and endurance tests, ISRO Chairman K. Sivan announced 
at a press meet on Wednesday.
• The initial tests were conducted in the IAF’s Institute of Aerospace Medicine, 
Bengaluru, and Russia. The four will leave in the third week of January to be trained at the 
Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Centre in Moscow, as per an agreement signed between the 
space agencies of the two countries last year.
Set for 2022
• Gaganyaan, announced by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in August 2018, is the 
?10,000-crore Indian human space flight scheduled for 2022. It is designed to have 3-7 
crew members spend 3-7 days in space in a 400-km orbit.
• Dr. Sivan said Gaganyaan activities were on track. However it was not known yet how many astronauts would finally travel to space.
• The first of the two pre-Gaganyaan flights with a humanoid will be launched this year-end along with some of the six shortlisted 
micro-gravity experiments, Dr. Sivan said.
• ISRO has also quietly begun work on another soft landing mission to the moon with most of the same features of Chandrayaan-2 and 
almost on the back of the failure of the latter’s lander on the lunar surface on September 7.
• The launch of the nearly ?600-crore Chandrayaan-3 is targeted for the end of this year or early 2021.
• It will be almost a repetition of the July 2019 Chandrayaan-2 mission in the configuration of spacecraft, the landing spot on the moon and 
the experiments to be conducted on the lunar surface, Dr. Sivan said.
• The third mission, he said, was ISRO’s bid to realise for itself the difficult technology of soft-landing on another planetary body. 
The agency is undertaking it as the landing module of the second mission crashed barely five minutes before it was to have landed on the 
lunar surface.
• The lander and rover are estimated to cost ?250 crore and will go to the moon on a propulsion model. The GSLV Mark III vehicle 
costs around ?350 crore.
• The Tamil Nadu government has started acquiring 2,300 acres of land in Thoothukudi district for ISRO’s second launch port. 
Currently satellites are launched from the Sriharikota launch centre in Andhra Pradesh.
• Dr. Sivan said Thoothukudi offers a locational advantage to launch towards India’s South.
• When ready, the new port will handle mainly the small satellite launch vehicle (SSLV) that is under development. SSLVs are meant 
to put a payload of up to 500 kg in space.
Page 4


• Abetment 
• Collation
• Jeopardize  
Gaganyaan, Chandrayaan-3 in mission mode, 
says ISRO
Four astronauts shortlisted for space trip to undergo training in Russia: Sivan
• Four pilots from the Indian Air Force (IAF) will leave for Russia this month to receive 
training as astronauts of Gaganyaan, the first Indian crewed flight to space.They were 
shortlisted after a series of fitness and endurance tests, ISRO Chairman K. Sivan announced 
at a press meet on Wednesday.
• The initial tests were conducted in the IAF’s Institute of Aerospace Medicine, 
Bengaluru, and Russia. The four will leave in the third week of January to be trained at the 
Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Centre in Moscow, as per an agreement signed between the 
space agencies of the two countries last year.
Set for 2022
• Gaganyaan, announced by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in August 2018, is the 
?10,000-crore Indian human space flight scheduled for 2022. It is designed to have 3-7 
crew members spend 3-7 days in space in a 400-km orbit.
• Dr. Sivan said Gaganyaan activities were on track. However it was not known yet how many astronauts would finally travel to space.
• The first of the two pre-Gaganyaan flights with a humanoid will be launched this year-end along with some of the six shortlisted 
micro-gravity experiments, Dr. Sivan said.
• ISRO has also quietly begun work on another soft landing mission to the moon with most of the same features of Chandrayaan-2 and 
almost on the back of the failure of the latter’s lander on the lunar surface on September 7.
• The launch of the nearly ?600-crore Chandrayaan-3 is targeted for the end of this year or early 2021.
• It will be almost a repetition of the July 2019 Chandrayaan-2 mission in the configuration of spacecraft, the landing spot on the moon and 
the experiments to be conducted on the lunar surface, Dr. Sivan said.
• The third mission, he said, was ISRO’s bid to realise for itself the difficult technology of soft-landing on another planetary body. 
The agency is undertaking it as the landing module of the second mission crashed barely five minutes before it was to have landed on the 
lunar surface.
• The lander and rover are estimated to cost ?250 crore and will go to the moon on a propulsion model. The GSLV Mark III vehicle 
costs around ?350 crore.
• The Tamil Nadu government has started acquiring 2,300 acres of land in Thoothukudi district for ISRO’s second launch port. 
Currently satellites are launched from the Sriharikota launch centre in Andhra Pradesh.
• Dr. Sivan said Thoothukudi offers a locational advantage to launch towards India’s South.
• When ready, the new port will handle mainly the small satellite launch vehicle (SSLV) that is under development. SSLVs are meant 
to put a payload of up to 500 kg in space.
• In the second mission that cost 
nearly ?1,000 crore, an orbiter 
carried the lander and the rover to 
a lunar orbit. The orbiter 
continues to work well around the 
moon.
• Another lunar mission is being 
discussed with Japanese space 
agency JAXA (Japan Aeronautics 
Exploration Agency) but its 
elements have not been finalised, 
he said.
• Although scores of landers sent by 
Russia, the U.S. and the Chinese 
have explored the moon’s surface, 
so far, no other agency has landed 
in the southern hemisphere. ISRO 
hopes to be still the first to do so.
He said work on Chandrayaan-3 is going on smoothly and it 
may need 14-16 months to get ready.
While he did not name the mission director or say if the same 
team was retained, he said, “We have identified the project 
director, Dr. P .Veeramuthuvel, [of the U.R. Rao Satellite Centre] 
who was also the associate project director of Chandrayaan-2.”
Page 5


• Abetment 
• Collation
• Jeopardize  
Gaganyaan, Chandrayaan-3 in mission mode, 
says ISRO
Four astronauts shortlisted for space trip to undergo training in Russia: Sivan
• Four pilots from the Indian Air Force (IAF) will leave for Russia this month to receive 
training as astronauts of Gaganyaan, the first Indian crewed flight to space.They were 
shortlisted after a series of fitness and endurance tests, ISRO Chairman K. Sivan announced 
at a press meet on Wednesday.
• The initial tests were conducted in the IAF’s Institute of Aerospace Medicine, 
Bengaluru, and Russia. The four will leave in the third week of January to be trained at the 
Yuri Gagarin Cosmonaut Centre in Moscow, as per an agreement signed between the 
space agencies of the two countries last year.
Set for 2022
• Gaganyaan, announced by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi in August 2018, is the 
?10,000-crore Indian human space flight scheduled for 2022. It is designed to have 3-7 
crew members spend 3-7 days in space in a 400-km orbit.
• Dr. Sivan said Gaganyaan activities were on track. However it was not known yet how many astronauts would finally travel to space.
• The first of the two pre-Gaganyaan flights with a humanoid will be launched this year-end along with some of the six shortlisted 
micro-gravity experiments, Dr. Sivan said.
• ISRO has also quietly begun work on another soft landing mission to the moon with most of the same features of Chandrayaan-2 and 
almost on the back of the failure of the latter’s lander on the lunar surface on September 7.
• The launch of the nearly ?600-crore Chandrayaan-3 is targeted for the end of this year or early 2021.
• It will be almost a repetition of the July 2019 Chandrayaan-2 mission in the configuration of spacecraft, the landing spot on the moon and 
the experiments to be conducted on the lunar surface, Dr. Sivan said.
• The third mission, he said, was ISRO’s bid to realise for itself the difficult technology of soft-landing on another planetary body. 
The agency is undertaking it as the landing module of the second mission crashed barely five minutes before it was to have landed on the 
lunar surface.
• The lander and rover are estimated to cost ?250 crore and will go to the moon on a propulsion model. The GSLV Mark III vehicle 
costs around ?350 crore.
• The Tamil Nadu government has started acquiring 2,300 acres of land in Thoothukudi district for ISRO’s second launch port. 
Currently satellites are launched from the Sriharikota launch centre in Andhra Pradesh.
• Dr. Sivan said Thoothukudi offers a locational advantage to launch towards India’s South.
• When ready, the new port will handle mainly the small satellite launch vehicle (SSLV) that is under development. SSLVs are meant 
to put a payload of up to 500 kg in space.
• In the second mission that cost 
nearly ?1,000 crore, an orbiter 
carried the lander and the rover to 
a lunar orbit. The orbiter 
continues to work well around the 
moon.
• Another lunar mission is being 
discussed with Japanese space 
agency JAXA (Japan Aeronautics 
Exploration Agency) but its 
elements have not been finalised, 
he said.
• Although scores of landers sent by 
Russia, the U.S. and the Chinese 
have explored the moon’s surface, 
so far, no other agency has landed 
in the southern hemisphere. ISRO 
hopes to be still the first to do so.
He said work on Chandrayaan-3 is going on smoothly and it 
may need 14-16 months to get ready.
While he did not name the mission director or say if the same 
team was retained, he said, “We have identified the project 
director, Dr. P .Veeramuthuvel, [of the U.R. Rao Satellite Centre] 
who was also the associate project director of Chandrayaan-2.”
• The Congress government in Rajasthan has started using satellite communication technology in a big way to 
enhance the learning outcome in educational institutions and generate awareness about social welfare 
schemes, while giving priority to the five aspirational districts selected by NITI Aayog in the State.
• The Science & Technology Department has taken an initiative to provide the facility of receive only terminals 
(ROT) and satellite interactive terminals (SIT) for getting the services of subject experts in the government 
schools and colleges and propagate various schemes in the remote areas with no Internet connectivity.
• State S&T Secretary Mugdha Sinha said here on Wednesday that the technique would be used during the first 
phase in approximately 2,000 institutions coming under various departments, such as education, higher 
education, social welfare, minority welfare, woman and child development and tribal area development.
• Subject experts
• The students studying English and science subjects in the government educational institutions will get services of 
subject experts through ROT and SIT. Ms. Sinha said the level of English and science subjects would be 
increased among students of Class VI to XII in order to get better results in the board examinations of Class 
X and XII.
• The new programme’s facility will also be provided to all the 134 model schools, Kasturba Gandhi Girls’ Schools, 
Social Welfare Department’s hostels, children’s homes and students of a government college in each district. The 
institutions with the shortage of teachers will especially benefit from the geostationary satellite uplinking
facilities.
Satcom technology deployed for learning Focus on generating awareness 
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