Early Medieval Age (800-1200 A.D.)
There are different theories about the origin of Rajputs. The following are the various theories related to the origin of Rajputs:
Chauhan/Chahaman of Delhi-Ajmer
Pratihara/ Parihar of Kannauj
Pawar/ Parmar of Malwa
Seeak II ‘Sri Harsha’
Chaulukya/ Solanki of Kathiyawar
Rastrakuta of Malkhand
Dantidurg (Danti Vaman II)
Chandela of Jejakabhukti
Khajuraho, Mohobo, Kalinjar
Kalchuri/Haihaya of Chedi
Gadhawal/ Rathor of Kannauj
Tomar of Delhi
Guhilota/ Sisodiya of Mewar
Bappa Rawal, Hammir I
Tripartitie struggle for Kannauj
During this period the three great powers were in constant tussle with each other to gain control over the city of Kannauj. The tripartite struggle for the supremacy among the Palas (from east), Partiharas (from north) and the Rashtrakutas (from Deccan) was the important event of these centuries.
The Gurjara Prathiharas
Rajputs Society : The Feudal order was strongly established among the Rajputs. The Rajputs rulers divided the Kingdoms among landed units called Jagirs and distributed them among faithful nobles. The Rajputs were Hindus and were known as Kshatriyas, beign a warrior class. They celebrated the major Hindu festivals and invoked goddess like Durga or Bhavani for strength and valour. Rajputs women were respected in society but did not enjoy the same position as men.
Rajputs Art and Architecture : The fort structure reached perfection under the Rajputs. The palaces of Jaipur and Udaipur and the forts of Chittor, Mandu, Jodhpur and Gwalior are fine specimens of Rajputs architecture. Dilwara temples at Mount Abu, the Vimla Vasahi and the Luna Vasahi were built by Solankis of Gujarat.
Rajputs Paintings : The Rajputs paintings are divided into the Rajput School of Art and the Pahari School of Art. The Rajasthani School flourished in Mewar, Bikanar, Jaipur, Jodhpur adn Jaisalmer and specialized in depicting scenes from Krishna Lila, Nayika Veda and Ritu Charita. The Pahari School was patronized by the rulers of Himalayan states especially in the regions of Basoli, Mandi, Jammu, Kangra and Garhwal.