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Financial Markets- 2 Video Lecture | Indian Economy for UPSC CSE

165 videos|297 docs|142 tests

FAQs on Financial Markets- 2 Video Lecture - Indian Economy for UPSC CSE

1. What are financial markets?
Ans. Financial markets refer to platforms where buyers and sellers trade financial assets such as stocks, bonds, derivatives, and commodities. These markets facilitate the flow of funds between investors and borrowers, allowing participants to buy, sell, and speculate on various financial instruments.
2. How do financial markets function?
Ans. Financial markets function through a network of exchanges, brokers, and electronic trading platforms. Buyers and sellers interact to determine the price and quantity of assets being traded. Market participants can place orders to buy or sell assets, and these orders are matched based on the prevailing market conditions, supply, and demand.
3. What are the main types of financial markets?
Ans. The main types of financial markets include stock markets, bond markets, foreign exchange markets, money markets, and derivatives markets. Stock markets facilitate the trading of shares of publicly listed companies, while bond markets deal with debt securities issued by governments and corporations. Foreign exchange markets enable currency trading, money markets focus on short-term borrowing and lending, and derivatives markets involve trading financial contracts based on an underlying asset.
4. Why are financial markets important for the economy?
Ans. Financial markets play a crucial role in the economy by providing a mechanism for the allocation of capital. They allow individuals and institutions to invest their savings, which in turn provides funding for businesses and government entities. Efficient financial markets promote economic growth, facilitate price discovery, and enable risk management through hedging and insurance instruments.
5. How are financial markets regulated?
Ans. Financial markets are regulated by various regulatory bodies and government agencies. These regulations aim to maintain fair and transparent markets, protect investors, ensure market stability, and prevent fraudulent activities. Regulators impose rules and guidelines on market participants, monitor compliance, and may take enforcement actions when necessary to maintain the integrity and efficiency of financial markets.
165 videos|297 docs|142 tests

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