Genealogy - The Vijayanagar Empire, History, UPSC UPSC Notes | EduRev

History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims

UPSC : Genealogy - The Vijayanagar Empire, History, UPSC UPSC Notes | EduRev

The document Genealogy - The Vijayanagar Empire, History, UPSC UPSC Notes | EduRev is a part of the UPSC Course History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims.
All you need of UPSC at this link: UPSC

Genealogy

Sangam Dynasty (1336-1485 A.D.)

  • Harihara-I     (1336-56)
  • Bukka-I    (1356-77)
  • Harihara-II    (1377-1404)
  • Bukka II    (1404-1406)
  • Devaraya-I    (1406-1422)
  • Vira Vijaya    (1422)
  • Devaraya-II    (1422-46)
  • Mallikarjuna    (1446-65)
  • Virupaksha    (1465-85)
  • Prauda Deva     (1485)

Saluva Dynasty (1485-1505 A.D.)

  • Saluva Narasimha     (1485-1490)
  • Timmaraya         (1490-1491)
  • Immadi Narasimha     (1491-1505)
  • Tuluva Dynasty (1505-1570 A.D.)
  • Vir Narasimha         (1505-1509)
  • Krishnadeva Raya    (1509-1529)
  • Achyuta Raya        (1529-1542)
  • Venkata-I        (1542-43)
  • Sadasiva        (1543-1570)

Aravidu Dynasty

  • Tirumala         (1570-72)
  • Sri Ranga         (1572-1585)
  • Venkata-II        (1585-1614)
  • Sri Ranga-II        (1614)
  • Ramadeva        (1614-1630)
  • Venkata-III        (1630-42)
  • Sri Ranga-III        (1642-52)

Sources
 Inscriptions

  • Bagapellsi Copper Plate Inscription of Harihara-I tells us about his achievements.
  • Bitragunta Grants of Sangama-II gives us the genealogy of the five Sangam brothers responsible for the foundation of the Vijayanagar empire.
  • Channarayapateena inscription of Harihara-II states that Bukka-I was successful in conquering several areas.
  • Srirangam Copper Plates of Devaraya-II list out the various achievements of the ruler.
  • Devulappali Copper plates of Immadi Narasimha gives up genealogy of the Saluva dynasty.

Numismatics

  • They issued a large number of gold coins, called “Varahas”.
  • On the obverse they contain various Hindu deities and animals like bull, elephant and the fabulous ‘Gandaberunda’.
  • On the reverse they contain the king’s name either in Nagari or Kannada script.
  • Some quarter varahas of Deva Raya-II describe him as ‘Gajabenta-Kara’

Literary Works

  • “Amuktamalyada” of Krishna- deva Raya enables us to know about the polity and political  ideas of the Vijayanagar rulers.
  • “Maduravijayam” of Gangadevi deals with Kampa’s conquest of Madurai during the reign of Bukka-I
  • “Saluvabhyudayam” of Rajanatha Dindiam was a historical eulogy of Saluva dynasty.
  • “Gangadasa Pralapa Vilasam”, a drama, deals with the capture of Vijaynagar city by Bahamanis and Gajapathis of Orissa after the death of Devaraya-II.
  • “Manucharitam” of Allasari Peddana gives us a detaiiled account of the social conditions, particularly the caste system, of the Vijayanagar empire.
  • Foreign Traveller’s Accounts
  • Ibn Batutah, the Moroccan traveller, has left a good account of the Vijayanagar empire under

Points To Be Remembered

  • Deva Raya was a great builder and a patron of poets. Himself a scholar and author, he is reputed to have presided with conspicuous success over many literary disputations. In one such, the Telugu poet, Srinatha, was held to surpass the poet-laureate who belonged to the celebrated Dindima family, and is said to have been bathed in a shower of golden tanks.
  • The Mughal emperor, Babur described Krishnadeva Raya as the most powerful ruler of India in his autobiography Baburnama.
  • Bukka claimed to be the protector of Hinduism and asumed the title of Vedmarga-Pratishthapaka or the establisher of the path of the Vedas.
  • Harihara I ruled between 1336-1356 A.D. His capital was Anegundi, but he shifted it to Vijayanagar after seven years.
  • Each governor of the province paid a fixed contribution in men and money to the central government. Thus, it has been estimated that while the income of the kingdom was 12,000,000 parados, the central government got only half the amount.
  • “Brothel, prostitution in the city was so enormous that the state realised a revenue of 12,000 panams out of them.” This amount, according to Abdur Razzaq, went `to pay the wages of the policemen’. 

Points To Be Remembered

  • The empire was founded in 1336 A.D. by Harihara and Bukka of the Sangam dynasty who were at first in the service of the Kakatiya ruler of Warangal, Prataparudra-II
  • The sultan of Madurai defeated the Hoysala ruler and executed him. The dissolution of the Hoyala kingdom enable Harihara and Bukka to expand their tiny principality. By 1346, the whole of the Hoysala kingdom had passed into the hands of the Vijayanagar rulers.
  • Before 1356 A.D. the Vijayanagar kingdom was a kind of cooperative commonwealth.
  • In 1367 A.D. first time a Bahmani sultan had in person entered the Vijayanagar territories to punish Bukka I and to capture Mudkal.
  • There was a series of Hindu principalities in the eastern sea coast, the most notable being the Reddis on the upper ridiges of the delta and the rulers of Warangal in the lower ridges of the Krishna-Godavari delta.
  • The attempt of Rama Raya to become the de facto ruler by nominally installing the eighteen months old son of Krishnadeva Raya as the king was foiled by Saluva Vira Narasimha who brought Achutya Raya from Chandragiri. 

Points To Be Remembered

  • Venkata-II shifted his headquarters to Chandragiri and during his reign Lord Venkateshwara of Tirupati replaced Virupaksha.
  • Venkata-II allowed the Portuguese to establish churches at Vellore.
  • Krishnadeva Raya totally withdrew the marriage tax.
  • Saluva Narasimha, the founder of the Saluva dynasty, was originally the chief of Chandragiri.
  • The two Sangama brothers, who founded the Vijayanagar empire were at first in the service of Kakatiya Kingdom.

Harihara-I.

  • Nicolie Conti, an Italian visited Vijaynagar empire during the time of Devaraya-I
  • Abdur Razak, a Persian, has left us a graphic account of the empire under Devaraya-II.
  • Domigo Paes, a Portuguese, has left a good account of Sri Krishnadeva Raya’s reign.
  • Fernao Nuniz, another Portuguese visitor to Krishnadeva Raya’s empire.
  • Barbosa, a Portuguese visitor to the empire during Krishnadeva Raya’s reign.
Offer running on EduRev: Apply code STAYHOME200 to get INR 200 off on our premium plan EduRev Infinity!

Complete Syllabus of UPSC

Dynamic Test

Content Category

Related Searches

practice quizzes

,

UPSC UPSC Notes | EduRev

,

Genealogy - The Vijayanagar Empire

,

Semester Notes

,

mock tests for examination

,

UPSC UPSC Notes | EduRev

,

video lectures

,

study material

,

UPSC UPSC Notes | EduRev

,

Objective type Questions

,

past year papers

,

History

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

pdf

,

Exam

,

Genealogy - The Vijayanagar Empire

,

Viva Questions

,

Extra Questions

,

MCQs

,

Free

,

History

,

Important questions

,

shortcuts and tricks

,

Sample Paper

,

Summary

,

ppt

,

Genealogy - The Vijayanagar Empire

,

History

;