The Sangam Age
1. Amaichchar (ministers)
2. Purohitar (priests)
3. Senapatiyar (army chiefs)
4. Dutar (ambassadors)
5. Orrar (spies).
Know the Important Facts
- The extreme south of India from the Tirupati hill (Vengadam) to Cape Camorin (Kanya Kumari), bounded by the sea on the east and west, was known as Tamilagan or Tamilham.
- The second and thirteenth Rock Edicts of Ashoka mention the southern kingdoms and Sri Lanka.
- The list in the second Edict, which comprises by name the Cholas, Pandyas, Satiyaputra and Keralaputra, besides Tambraparni.
- Tamil is the oldest among the spoken literary languages of South India.
- Virtually no Roman coins of the third century have been found in India.
- The first and second centuries A.D. formed the period when Roman trade with India was brisk.
- Muziri and Tondi on the west coast of South India, Korkai and Kaveripattinam on the east were among the chief ports of the Tamil land.
- There is a reference in Silappadikaram to king Gajabahu I of Sri Lanka being present on the occasion of the installation of a temple to Kannagi, by the Chera king Senguttuvan.
- Gajabahu I of Sri Lanka is known to have ruled in the second half of the second century A.D., and so Senguttuvan is assigned to that century.
- Senguttuvan, also known as the Red Chera was the son of Nedenjeral. He was the greatest of the Cheras and built a temple to Kannaji, the heroine of Silappadikaram.
- Senguthuvan was the contemporary of the poet Pannar.
- According to Silappadikaram Senguthuvan was the founder of the Pattini cult related to the worship of the goddess of chastity.
- The cheras were known by many equivalent titles Vannar, Villavar, Khudavar, Kuttuvar, Malaiyar and Poraiyar etc.