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Laxmikanth Summary: Vice-President | Indian Polity for UPSC CSE PDF Download

INTRODUCTION

The Vice-President occupies the second-highest office in the country. He is accorded a rank next to the President in the official warrant of precedence. This office is modelled on the lines of the American Vice-President.
Laxmikanth Summary: Vice-President | Indian Polity for UPSC CSEELECTION
The Vice-President, like the president, is elected not directly by the people but by the method of indirect election. He is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of the members of both Houses of Parliament. Thus, this electoral college is different from the President. But, when we come to the Vice-President, his normal functions are to preside over the council of states.

QUALIFICATIONS
To be eligible for election as Vice-President, a person should fulfill the following qualifications:
(i) He should be a citizen of India.
(ii) He should have completed 35 years of age.
(iii) He should be qualified for election as a member of the Rajya Sabha.
(iv) He should not hold any office of profit.

Term of office - 5 years
A formal impeachment is not required for his removal. He can be removed by a resolution of the Rajya Sabha passed by an absolute majority (ie, a majority of the total members of the House) and agreed to by the Lok Sabha. But no such resolution can be moved unless at least 14 days advance notice has been given.


ELECTION DISPUTES
All doubts and disputes in connection with election of the Vice-President are inquired into and decided by the Supreme Court whose decision is final.

POWERS AND FUNCTIONS
(i) He acts as the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. In this capacity, his powers and functions are similar to those of the Speaker of Lok Sabha. In this respect, he resembles the American vice-president who also acts as the Chairman of the Senate the Upper House of the American legislature.
(ii) He acts as President when a vacancy occurs in the office of the President due to his resignation, removal, death, or otherwise. He can act as President only for a maximum period of six months within which a new President has to be elected.

COMPARED

  • The American Vice-President succeeds to the presidency when it falls vacant, and remains President for the unexpired term of his predecessor.
  • The Indian Vice-President, on the other hand, does not assume the office of the President when it falls vacant for the unexpired term. He merely serves as an acting President until the new President assumes charge.
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FAQs on Laxmikanth Summary: Vice-President - Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

1. What are the qualifications required to become the Vice-President of India?
Ans. To become the Vice-President of India, a person must be a citizen of India and should be at least 35 years of age. Additionally, they must be eligible to be a member of the Rajya Sabha, which is the upper house of the Indian Parliament.
2. How is the Vice-President of India elected?
Ans. The Vice-President of India is elected by an electoral college consisting of members of both houses of Parliament. The members of the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha (the lower house) cast their votes to elect the Vice-President. The candidate who secures the majority of votes becomes the Vice-President.
3. What are the roles and responsibilities of the Vice-President of India?
Ans. The Vice-President of India serves as the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. They preside over the sessions of the Rajya Sabha and ensure the maintenance of order and decorum. They also play a crucial role in the legislative process, including the passing of bills and resolutions. Additionally, the Vice-President performs various ceremonial functions and represents India at official events.
4. Can the Vice-President of India participate in the proceedings of the Lok Sabha?
Ans. No, the Vice-President of India does not have the right to participate in the proceedings of the Lok Sabha, which is the lower house of Parliament. Their role is limited to the Rajya Sabha, where they serve as the Chairman. However, they can address joint sessions of both houses and can also participate in the voting in case of a tie.
5. What happens if the office of the Vice-President of India becomes vacant?
Ans. In case the office of the Vice-President of India becomes vacant due to resignation, removal, or death, the Deputy Chairman of the Rajya Sabha acts as the Vice-President until a new Vice-President is elected. A new Vice-President must be elected within six months of the vacancy.
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