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Laxmikanth: Summary of State Public Service Commission Notes | Study Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - UPSC

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STATE PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
Parallel to the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) at the Centre, there is a State Public Service Commission (SPSC) in a state. The sameset of Articles u.e., 315 to 323 in Part XIV) of the Constitution also deal with the composition, appointment and removal of members, power and functions and independence of a SPSC.

COMPOSITION

  • State Public Service Commission consists of a chairman and other members appointed by the governor of the state.
  • The chairman and members of the Commission hold office for a term ofsix years or until they attain the age of 62 years.

REMOVAL:
Thus, he can remove him under the following circumstances:

  • If he is adjudged an insolvent (i.e., has gone bankrupt); or
  • If he engages, during his term of office, in any paid employment outside the duties of his office; or
  • If he is, in the opinion of the president, unfit to continue in office by reason of infirmity of mind or body. In addition to these, the president can also remove the chairman or another member of SPSC for misbehaviour.

FUNCTIONS

A SPSC performs all those functions in respect of the state services as the UPSC does in relation to the Central services:

  1. It conducts examinations for appointments to the services of the state.
  2. All matters relating to methods of recruitment to civil services and for civil posts.

The SPSC presents, annually, to the governor a report on its performance. The governor places this report before both the Houses of the state legislature.

LIMITATIONS
The SPSC is not consulted on the following matters:

  • While making reservations of appointments or posts in favour of any backward class of citizens.
  • While taking into consideration the claims of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in making appointments to services and posts.

The governor can exclude posts, services and matters from the purview of the SPSC. The Constitution states that the governor.

JOINT STATE PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
The Constitution makes a provision for the establishment of a Joint State Public Service Commission (JSPSC) for two or more states. While the UPSC and the SPSC are created directly by the Constitution, a JSPSC can be created by an act of Parliament on the request of the state legislatures concerned. Thus, a JSPSC is a statutory and not a constitutional body.

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