Nobel Prize is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
Annual awards are given in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, Peace, and Economics.
First established in 1895 at the will of the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel.
All the prizes except Peace Prize awarded in Stockholm, Sweden.
Peace Prize awarded in Oslo, Norway.
The Prize is not awarded posthumously.
Nobel Prize in Various fields is presented by: (i) The Nobel Prize in Physics, Chemistry, Economics, and Science presented by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. (ii) The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is presented by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institute. (iii) The Nobel Prize for Literature presented the Swedish Academy. (iv) The Nobel Prize in Peace presented by the Norwegian Nobel Committee.
The top five countries with the most Nobel laureates are all western nations – with the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Sweden topping the rankings for the best minds in peace.
Youngest Nobel Laureate (17-years): Malala Yousafzai for Peace in 2014.
Oldest Nobel Laureate (97-years): John B. Goodenough for Chemistry in 2019.
Indian Nobel laureates
The first person of Indian origin and also the first Asian to be awarded the Nobel Prize was Rabindranath Tagore for his works "Gitanjali" in 1913.
The first Indian recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics was C. V. Raman for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him" in 1930.
The first Indian recipient of the Nobel Prize for Peace was Mother Teresa in 1979. She is the only Indian woman on the Indian Nobel Laureates list.
The first Indian recipient of the Nobel Prize in Economics was Amartya Sen in 1998.
The first Indian recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was Har Gobind Khorana for their interpretation of the genetic code and its function in protein synthesis in 1968.
The first Indian recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry was Venkatraman Ramakrishnan for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome in 2009.
Try yourself:Who was the first Indian to receive a Nobel Prize?
List of Indian Nobel Laureates
Born in India But Different Citizenship
Indian Residents at the time of being awarded & Non-Indian Citizenship
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