Ministry : Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation UPSC Notes | EduRev

Environment and Additional Topics for UPSC Prelims

UPSC : Ministry : Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation UPSC Notes | EduRev

The document Ministry : Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation UPSC Notes | EduRev is a part of the UPSC Course Environment and Additional Topics for UPSC Prelims.
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Ministry : Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation

A.1. STREET VENDORS ACT

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

• Focus on the primary issues pertaining to urban poverty such as imparting skill training, enabling entrepreneurship develop, providing wage employment and self-employment opportunities to the urban poor.

• Providing shelter equipped with essential services in phased manner to urban poor including urban homeless

• Addressing the livelihood concerns of urban poor including urban homeless.

 

• Urban poor

o Street Vendors

o Slum dwellers

o Homeless

o Rag pickers

• Unemployed

• Differently abled

 

• It replaces the existing Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana

• NULM is now renamed as Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana

• Organizing urban poor in Self Help Groups (SHGs)

• Creating opportunities for skill development for urban poor leading to market based employment

• Helping urban poor to set up self-employment ventures by ensuring easy access to credit.

• All the states and union territories have been empowered to implement day-NULM in all the remaining 3,250 statutory urban local bodies even if they have a population of less than one lakhs each

 

A.2. PRADHAN MANTRI AWAS YOJANA (PMAY)

PMAY & PMAY (Gramin) are launched to achieve à Housing for All by 2022 Mission

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

• Construct two crore houses across the nation.

• Covers the entire urban area consisting of 4041 statutory towns with initial focus on 500 Class I cities

 

• Poor people (BPL) and

• People living under EWS and LIG categories in urban establishments of the country.

 

• Ownership of houses will be in the name of woman or jointly with husband

• Flexibility to States for choosing best options to meet the demand of housing in their states

• Central grant of Rs. one lakhs per house, on an average, will be available under the slum rehabilitation programme

• Implemented in three phases as follows, viz. a. Phase-I (April 2015 - March 2017) to cover 100 Cities to be selected from States/UTs as per their willingness; b. Phase - II (April 2017 - March 2019) to cover additional 200 Cities and c. Phase-III (April 2019 - March 2022) to cover all other remaining Cities.

 

A.3. NATIONAL URBAN LIVELIHOODS MISSION

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

• Focus on the primary issues pertaining to urban poverty such as imparting skill training, enabling entrepreneurship develop, providing wage employment and self-employment opportunities to the urban poor.

• Providing shelter equipped with essential services in phased manner to urban poor including urban homeless

• Addressing the livelihood concerns of urban poor including urban homeless.

 

• Urban poor

o Street Vendors

o Slum dwellers

o Homeless

o Rag pickers

• Unemployed

• Differently abled

 

• It replaces the existing Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana

• NULM is now renamed as Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana

• Organizing urban poor in Self Help Groups (SHGs)

• Creating opportunities for skill development for urban poor leading to market based employment

• Helping urban poor to set up self-employment ventures by ensuring easy access to credit.

• All the states and union territories have been empowered to implement day-NULM in all the remaining 3,250 statutory urban local bodies even if they have a population of less than one lakhs each

 

 

 A.4. SMART CITIES

Ministry of Urban Development

Objective

Intended beneficiary

Salient features

• To drive economic growth

• To create sites of

o Production

o Efficiency

o Consumption

o Sustainable living spaces(Waste management etc.,)

• Remove regional disparities

• Promoting mixed land use in area based developments

• Housing and inclusiveness

 

• Urban population(for improved civic amenities, participation)

• ULBs

• Urban Governance

• Urban planners due to holistic planning

 

• Current plan is to select 20 cities this year followed by 40 each in the next two years. States are asked to nominate names of cities for a ‘City Challenge Competition’ and the chosen ones will get Central fund of Rs 100 crore each year for 5 years.

• Smart city plans will be implemented by a special purpose vehicle States/UTs and Urban local bodies will have 50:50 equity in SPV.

• Area-based development

• Basic services provided:

 

i. adequate water supply, ii. Assured electricity supply, iii. sanitation, including solid waste management

• Replicability and Scalability of model smart cities.

• Localized and moulded for specific needs: Developed along DMIC for boosting employment, manufacturing sector; a GIFT city for financial services etc., Kochi Smart city – IT city;

• Sustainability: Renewable energy; Efficient and intelligent transportation for  ex: Janmarg by Ahmedabad Municipality and GJ govt.
• People participatory approach in Maza Swapna, Pune.
• PPP: Expertise, private players + efficiency
• Improvement in Urban Governance – Multi channel citizen services(Common service centres, e-governance, m-governance etc.,); Integrated asset mngmt., planning etc.,
• Vulnerability reduction: Climate Change action plans + Adaptation strategies

 

 

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