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Miscellaneous Programmes: Government Schemes | Indian Economy for UPSC CSE

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Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation by Prime Minister’s Office (PMO)


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 Aimed at starting a culture of Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation.

 Aimed at addressing common man’s grievances, and simultaneously monitoring and reviewing important programmes and projects of the Government of India as well as projects flagged by State Governments


 Common people due to better governance and

 Beneficiaries of various social schemes due to better implementation

 Citizens with Public grievances


 A multi-purpose and multi-modal platform

 PRAGATI platform uniquely bundles three latest technologies:

o Digital data management,

o video-conferencing and

o geo-spatial technology.

 A three-tier system: It also offers a unique combination in the direction of cooperative federalism since it brings on one stage the Secretaries of Government of India and the Chief Secretaries of the States.

 Prime Minister will hold a monthly programme where he will interact with the Government of India Secretaries, and Chief Secretaries through Video-conferencing enabled by data and geo-informatics visuals



Niti Aayog


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 To give substantial boost to the innovation ecosystem and to catalyze the entrepreneurial spirit in the country

 Aim will be an innovation promotion platform involving academics, entrepreneurs, and researchers drawing upon national and international experiences to foster a culture of innovation, R&D in India.

 The platform will also promote a network of world-class innovation hubs Grand Challenges, Start-up businesses and other self-employment activities, particularly in technology driven areas.

 Startup entrepreneurs

 Innovators

 Entrepreneurs in non-farm sector

 As R&D is strengthened, economy in general.


 An initial sum of Rs. 500 crore and Rs. 1000 crore respectively for AIM and SETU.

Entrepreneurship promotion through Self-Employment and Talent Utilization(SETU), is techno-financial, incubation and facilitation programme to give support and encouragement to young start-ups and other self-employment technology-intensive ideas.

o SETU aims to create around 100,000 jobs through start-ups

Innovation promotion: to provide a platform where innovative ideas are generated.



Ministry of Power


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 For the financial turnaround and revival of Power Distribution companies (DISCOMs),

 To ensure a sustainable permanent solution to the problem.

 In long term - affordable and accessible 24x7 Power for All.



 Power Sector as a whole

 Through Renewable Purchase Obligations Renewable Energy will also get a boost.


 Ambitious target of making all DISCOMs profitable by 2018-19.

 This is through four initiatives

o (i) improving operational efficiencies of DISCOMs;

o (ii) reduction of cost of power;

o (iii) reduction in interest cost of DISCOMs;


(iv) enforcing financial discipline on DISCOMs through alignment with state finances.

 States shall take over 75% of DISCOM debt as on 30 September 2015 over two years i.e 50% of DISCOM debt shall be taken over in 2015-16 and 25% in 2016-17.

 Government of India will not include the debt taken over by the states as per the above scheme in the calculation of fiscal deficit (for FRBM) of respective states in the financial years 2015-16 and 2016-17.

 States will issue non-SLR including SDL bonds in the market or directly to the respective banks / financial institutions (FIs) holding the DISCOM debt to the appropriate extent.

 DISCOM debt not taken over by the state shall be converted by the banks / FIs into loans or bonds.




Ministry of Power


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 


 Electrifying all villages and habitations as per new definition

 Providing access to electricity to all rural households

 Providing electricity Connection to Below Poverty Line (BPL) families free of charge



 Rural population

 Agricultural and irrigation activities

 DISCOMs-as there losses are prevented due to metering

 Economy as a whole



 Components of DDUGY:

o Feeder separation (rural households & agricultural) and strengthening of sub-transmission & distribution infrastructure;

o Metering at all levels (input points, feeders and distribution transformers);

o Micro grid and off grid distribution network.

o Rural electrification

 This will help in providing round the clock power to rural households and adequate power to agricultural consumers

 Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) has been subsumed in the new scheme as its rural electrification component.

 As many as 96% of un-electrified villages have been electrified across the country as on May 2014 and intensive electrification of 80% villages has been completed while free electricity connections have been provided to 77% BPL households under the flagship programme, RGGVY.


Ministry of Minority Affairs


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 Employment generation of the youths and also extending loans for opening enterprises.


All out of school / dropped out students and those studying in Madrasas. It is so because they will not be getting formal Class XII and Class X Certificates rendering them largely unemployed in organised sector.

 The scheme is intended to cover people in between 17 to 35 age group from all minority communities as well as Madrasa students.


 The scheme would provide ‘bridge courses’ to the trainees and get them Certificates for Class XII and X through ‘distance medium educational system’ and at the same time also provides them trade basis skill training in 4 courses – Manufacturing, Engineering, Services, Soft skills.

 This scheme will provide avenues for continuing higher education and also open up employment opportunities in the organised sector.



Ministry of Minority Affairs


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 At upgrading Skills and Training in preservation of traditional Ancestral Arts/Crafts of minorities.

 6 minorities as notified by Govt.

 Applicable in entire India

 Establish linkages of traditional arts/crafts with the national and international market and ensure dignity of labour.


Hamari Darohar:

The Scheme aims to preserve rich heritage of minority communities in context of Indian culture.



Department of Science & Technology (MoS&T)


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 To attract talent to Science.

 To communicate to the youth of the country the excitements of creative pursuit of science, attract talent to the study of science at an early age and thus build the required critical human resource pool for strengthening and expanding the Science & Technology system and R&D base.


 Young children into developed and skilled scientific Human Resource

 Strengthened R&D foundation of the country


 It does not believe in conducting competitive exams for identification of talent at any level. It believes in and relies on the efficacy of the existing educational structure for identification of talent.

 INSPIRE has three components:

i. Scheme for Early Attraction of Talent (SEATS)

ii. Scholarship for Higher Education (SHE)

iii. Assured Opportunity for Research Careers (AORC)



Proposed by Finance Minister during Budget


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 Sole motive of welfare of senior citizens.


 Old aged pensioners

 BPL population and marginal farmers


 Money in accounts which have been inoperative (about Rs. 3,000 crore in the PPF, and approximately Rs. 6,000 crore in the EPF corpus )for more than seven years will be diverted in this fund.

 Huge benefit to the beneficiaries as the amount will be used to subsidise the premiums of aged pensioners, BPL population and marginal farmeRs.



Ministry of Culture


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 To establish cross cultural linkages and to revive historic maritime cultural and economic ties under ‘Project Mausam’ with 39 Indian Ocean countries.

 At the macro level, it aims to re-connect and re-establish communications between countries of the Indian Ocean world, which would lead to an enhanced understanding of cultural values and concerns; while at the micro level, the focus is on understanding national cultures in their regional maritime milieu.


 The people of 39 Indian ocean countries with enhanced culture,

 Friendship leading to commercial and religious interactions


 It is to be implemented by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) as the nodal agency

 ASI will get research support of the Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (IGNCA) and National Museum as associate bodies.

 The Government has identified 39 countries to bring on board for trans-national nomination for World Heritage.

 This project aims to explore the multi-faceted Indian Ocean ‘world’ – collating archaeological and historical research in order to document the diversity of cultural, commercial and religious interactions in the Indian Ocean – extending from East Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, the Indian Subcontinent and Sri Lanka to the Southeast Asian archipelago.

 A joint Sail Voyage by Indian Navy Sail Training Ship Tarangini and Royal Navy of Oman Sail Training Ship Shabab Oman was conducted from 24 November to 03 December 2015 to commemorate 60 years of diplomatic relationship



Ministry of Road, Transport and Highway


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 Development of bridges for safe and seamless travel on National Highways

 to make all National


 Nation and Economy - infrastructure network is vital for the growth


 This is being done to prevent the frequent accidents and loss of lives at level crossings.

 208 Railway Over Bridges (ROB)/Railway Under Bridges (RUB) will be built at the level crossings at a cost of Rs. 20,800 crore as part of the programme



Ministry of Shipping


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 To enhance the capacity of major and non-major ports and modernizing them to make them efficient

 To provide infrastructure to transport goods to and from ports quickly, efficiently and cost-effectively

 To develop access to new development regions with intermodal solutions and promotion of the optimum modal split, enhanced connectivity with main economic centers and beyond.


 Ports and labour involved in port sector

 Population in Coastal regions which will be developed in CEZs.

 Jobs from transportation sector

 And finally the nation as a whole due to increased economic growth increasing exports.


 Focusing on three pillars of development, namely

o (i) Supporting and enabling Port-led Development

o Port Infrastructure Enhancement, including modernization and setting up of new ports, and

o Efficient Evacuation to and from hinterland.

 An integrated planning for “Sagarmala” with a National Perspective Plan (NPP) is being prepared for the entire coastline, which will identify potential geographical regions to be called Coastal Economic Zones (CEZs).

 NPP would ensure synergy and integration with planned Industrial Corridors, Dedicated Freight Corridors, National Highway Development Programme, Industrial Clusters and sezs

 Also strive to ensure sustainable development of the population living in the Coastal Economic Zone (CEZ).

 National Sagarmala Apex Committee (NSAC) is envisaged for overall policy guidance and high level coordination


Another closely linked Programme is Project Sethusamudram: To link Palk Bay with Gulf of Mannar and facilitate maritime trade through it.



Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 To eliminate poverty

 To Take Pro-Poor Schemes to Grassroots Level


 Benefeciaries of various poverty alleviation schemes.


 Pay-and-attend workshop

o Revisit the government’s pro-poor welfare programmes and ideate ways to effectively implement them and maximise their outreach.

o To “motivate and appraise” the mps for effective implementation of government-run schemes

 Improve the co-ordination between senior ministers, local mps, district administration etc.,



Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY)


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 To implement various developmental and welfare projects/programs in mining affected areas that complement the existing ongoing schemes/projects of State and Central Government;

 To minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health and socio-economics of people in mining districts; and

 To ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas.


 Affected people &‘Displaced family as defined under Land Acquisition Act

 People living in Directly affected areas – where direct mining-related operations such as excavation, mining, blasting, beneficiation and waste disposal are located.


 To provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations, using the funds generated by District Mineral Foundations (DMFs).

 Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015, mandated the setting up of DMFs in all districts in the country affected by mining related operations.

 High priority areas – at least 60% of PMKKKY funds to be utilized under these heads:

 Drinking water supply

 Environment preservation and pollution control measures

 Health care

 Education

 Welfare of Women and Children

 Skill development

 Sanitation

 Up to 40% of the PMKKKY to be utilized under these heads

 Physical infrastructure

 Irrigation

 Energy and Watershed Development



Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 Development of Indian sports,

 Honour to the country by success in National/International sports events


 All schools in different States / uts throughout the country (both rural and urban)

 Talented sportspersons in the age group of 8 – 12 years


 Identification of talented sportspersons in the age group of 8 – 12 years in schools all over the country through a battery of tests

 Nurturing of identified talented sportspersons in sports schools will help broaden the pool of sportspersons in the country.



Ministry of Home Affairs


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 Prompt response from policemen


 Women in distress


 Emergency call application for women in distress

 Launched by Delhi police

 Uttar Pradesh Police is planning a similar app called Nirbhaya (Mobile App)

 Installation of a physical panic button and Global Positioning System in Mobile Phone Handsets Rules 2016’ notified . 



Launched by RBI


Intended beneficiary 

Salient features 

 To move the country towards a more cashless model

 Financial inclusion

 To offer an architecture to facilitate next generation online immediate payments leveraging trends such as increasing smartphone adoption, indian language interfaces, and universal access to internet and data.


 Economy--reduced tax evasion and black marketing

 Economic growth – increased velocity of money

 Indian financial markets – now become more mature, flexible and adaptive

 E-commerce

 Consumers in general


 Developed by the national payment corporation of india (NPCI).

Simple -- an account holder should be able to send and receive money from their mobile phone with just "pay to" or "collect from" a “payment address” (such as aadhaar number, mobile number, rupay card, virtual payment address, etc.) With a single click.


 Easy to adopt

Secure -- upi has a single click-two factor authentication system which means that with one click the transaction is authenticated at two levels. The user will need a mobile phone with a mobile pin called mpin and a virtual id offered by the provider. With a click the transaction is checked if the mobile pin matches with the virtual address only then does the transaction goes through.

Cheap transactional cost – mobile phone as authentication device, use of virtual payment addresses, and use of third party portable authentication schemes such as aadhaar should allow both acquiring side and issuing side cost to be driven down.


The document Miscellaneous Programmes: Government Schemes | Indian Economy for UPSC CSE is a part of the UPSC Course Indian Economy for UPSC CSE.
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