NCERT Textbook - India After Independence Class 8 Notes | EduRev

History(Prelims) by UPSC Toppers

Class 8 : NCERT Textbook - India After Independence Class 8 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


OUR PASTS – III 160
India After Independence
12
Fig. 1 – Thousands gathered on
the occasion of the flag hoisting
ceremony at the Red Fort on
15 August 1947
A New and Divided Nation
When India became independent in August 1947, it
faced a series of very great challenges. As a result of
Partition, 8 million refugees had come into the country
from what was now Pakistan. These people had to be
found homes and jobs. Then there was the problem
of the princely states, almost 500 of them, each ruled
by a maharaja or a nawab, each of whom had to be
persuaded to join the new nation. The problems of the
refugees and of the princely states had to be addressed
immediately. In the longer term, the new nation had to
adopt a political system that would best serve the hopes
and expectations of its population.
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