NCERT Textbook - Understanding Diversity Class 6 Notes | EduRev

Social Studies (SST) Class 6

Created by: Rohini Seth

Class 6 : NCERT Textbook - Understanding Diversity Class 6 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Look around you in the classroom: do you see
anyone who looks exactly like you do? In this
chapter you will learn that people are different from
each other in many ways. Not only do they look
different but they might also belong to different
regional, cultural or religious backgrounds. These
differences enrich our lives in many ways and also
make them more fun!
All these different people, who come from all kinds of
backgrounds, and belong to all kinds of religions and
cultures help to make India so interesting and so
diverse. What does diversity add to our lives? How
did India become like this? Are all kinds of difference
a part of diversity? Can diversity also be a part of
unity? Read this chapter to find some answers.
Chapter 1
Understanding
Diversity
hree children around your age have drawn
the figures above. Use the empty box to
draw your human figure. Is your drawing
similar to any of the others? The chances are
that your drawing is quite different from the
other three, which you can see are quite
different from each other. This is because each
one of us has a unique drawing style. We not
only don't look exactly like each other but also
differ in terms of the language we speak, our
cultural backgrounds, the religious rituals we
observe and, of course the way we draw!
T
Page 2


Look around you in the classroom: do you see
anyone who looks exactly like you do? In this
chapter you will learn that people are different from
each other in many ways. Not only do they look
different but they might also belong to different
regional, cultural or religious backgrounds. These
differences enrich our lives in many ways and also
make them more fun!
All these different people, who come from all kinds of
backgrounds, and belong to all kinds of religions and
cultures help to make India so interesting and so
diverse. What does diversity add to our lives? How
did India become like this? Are all kinds of difference
a part of diversity? Can diversity also be a part of
unity? Read this chapter to find some answers.
Chapter 1
Understanding
Diversity
hree children around your age have drawn
the figures above. Use the empty box to
draw your human figure. Is your drawing
similar to any of the others? The chances are
that your drawing is quite different from the
other three, which you can see are quite
different from each other. This is because each
one of us has a unique drawing style. We not
only don't look exactly like each other but also
differ in terms of the language we speak, our
cultural backgrounds, the religious rituals we
observe and, of course the way we draw!
T
4/ Social and Political Life
Now ask your teacher to help you
check, how many of you have similar
answers. Is there anyone whose list
matches yours exactly? Probably not.
But many of you may have similar
answers. How many like reading the
same kind of books? How many
different languages are spoken by the
students in your class?
By now you must have recognised
the many ways in which you are quite
like some of your classmates and
other ways in which you are different
from them. 
Making friends
Do you think it would be easy for you
to make friends with someone who
was very different from you? Read the
following story and think about this.
I had meant it as a joke. A joke
made up for a small ragged boy who
sold newspapers at the Janpat
crossing at the busy intersection.
Every time I cycled past he would run
after me, holding out the English paper
and screaming out the evening's
headlines in a mixture of Hindi and
English words. This time, I stopped by
the pavement and asked for the Hindi
paper. His mouth fell open.
"You mean you know Hindi?" he
asked.
"Of course," I said as I paid for the
paper.
"Why? What did you think?" 
He paused. "But you look so…so
angrez," he said. "You mean you can
even read Hindi?"
"Of course I can," I said, this time a
little impatiently. "I can speak, read
and write Hindi. Hindi is one of the
subjects I study in school."
"Subjects?" he asked. How could I
explain what a subject was to someone
who had never been to school? "Well, it
is something…" I began, but the lights
changed, and the honking behind me
grew a hundredfold and I let myself be
pushed along with the rest of the
traffic.
Fill out the following information
about yourself
When I go out I like wearing
At home I speak in 
My favourite sport is
I like reading books about
Page 3


Look around you in the classroom: do you see
anyone who looks exactly like you do? In this
chapter you will learn that people are different from
each other in many ways. Not only do they look
different but they might also belong to different
regional, cultural or religious backgrounds. These
differences enrich our lives in many ways and also
make them more fun!
All these different people, who come from all kinds of
backgrounds, and belong to all kinds of religions and
cultures help to make India so interesting and so
diverse. What does diversity add to our lives? How
did India become like this? Are all kinds of difference
a part of diversity? Can diversity also be a part of
unity? Read this chapter to find some answers.
Chapter 1
Understanding
Diversity
hree children around your age have drawn
the figures above. Use the empty box to
draw your human figure. Is your drawing
similar to any of the others? The chances are
that your drawing is quite different from the
other three, which you can see are quite
different from each other. This is because each
one of us has a unique drawing style. We not
only don't look exactly like each other but also
differ in terms of the language we speak, our
cultural backgrounds, the religious rituals we
observe and, of course the way we draw!
T
4/ Social and Political Life
Now ask your teacher to help you
check, how many of you have similar
answers. Is there anyone whose list
matches yours exactly? Probably not.
But many of you may have similar
answers. How many like reading the
same kind of books? How many
different languages are spoken by the
students in your class?
By now you must have recognised
the many ways in which you are quite
like some of your classmates and
other ways in which you are different
from them. 
Making friends
Do you think it would be easy for you
to make friends with someone who
was very different from you? Read the
following story and think about this.
I had meant it as a joke. A joke
made up for a small ragged boy who
sold newspapers at the Janpat
crossing at the busy intersection.
Every time I cycled past he would run
after me, holding out the English paper
and screaming out the evening's
headlines in a mixture of Hindi and
English words. This time, I stopped by
the pavement and asked for the Hindi
paper. His mouth fell open.
"You mean you know Hindi?" he
asked.
"Of course," I said as I paid for the
paper.
"Why? What did you think?" 
He paused. "But you look so…so
angrez," he said. "You mean you can
even read Hindi?"
"Of course I can," I said, this time a
little impatiently. "I can speak, read
and write Hindi. Hindi is one of the
subjects I study in school."
"Subjects?" he asked. How could I
explain what a subject was to someone
who had never been to school? "Well, it
is something…" I began, but the lights
changed, and the honking behind me
grew a hundredfold and I let myself be
pushed along with the rest of the
traffic.
Fill out the following information
about yourself
When I go out I like wearing
At home I speak in 
My favourite sport is
I like reading books about
Understanding Diversity / 5
The next day he was there again,
smiling at me and holding out a Hindi
paper. "Bhaiyya," he said, "aap ka
akhbaar. Ab Bathaaiye yeh subject
kya cheez hai?" the English word
sounded strange on his tongue. 
It sounded like its other meaning 
in English – to be ruled by someone
else.
"Oh, it's  just something to study," I
said. And then because the red light
had come on, I asked him, "Have you
ever been to school?" "Never," he
answered. And he added proudly, "I
began working when I was so high."
He measured himself against my
cycle-seat. "First my mother used to
come with me but I can do it all alone."
"Where is your mother now?" I
asked, but then the lights changed and
I was off. I heard him yell from
somewhere behind me, "She's in
Meerut with…" The rest was drowned
out. 
"My name is Samir," he said the
next day. And very shyly he asked,
"What's yours?" It was incredible. My
bicycle wobbled. "My name is Samir
too," I said. "What?" His eyes lit up.
"Yes," I grinned at him. "It's another
name for Hanuman's father, you
know." "So now you are Samir Ek and
I'm Samir Do," he said triumphantly.
"Something like that," I answered and
then I held out my hand. "Haath milao,
Samir Do!" His hand nestled in mine
like a little bird. I could still feel its
warmth as I cycled away.
The next day, he did not have his
usual smile for me. "There is trouble in
Meerut," he said. "Many people are
being killed there in the riots." I looked
at the headlines. Communal Riots, it
blazed. "But Samir…" I began. "I'm a
Muslim Samir," he said in answer.
"And all my people are in Meerut." His
eyes filled with tears and when I
touched his shoulder, he would not
look up.
He was not at the crossing the day
after. Neither the day after nor ever
again. And no newspaper , in English or
Hindi, can tell me where my Samir do
has gone.
(The Lights Changed by Poile Sengupta)
While Samir Ek is more familiar
with English, Samir Do speaks Hindi.
Although they both are more at home
in different languages they still
communicated with each other. They
made the effort to do so because this
was what was important to them.
Samir Ek and Samir Do also come
from different religious and cultural
backgrounds. While Samir Ek is a
Hindu, Samir Do is a Muslim.
Different religious and cultural
backgrounds such as these are an
aspect of diversity.
Name three ways in which Samir
Ek and Samir Do were different?
Did these differences prevent
them from becoming friends?
Page 4


Look around you in the classroom: do you see
anyone who looks exactly like you do? In this
chapter you will learn that people are different from
each other in many ways. Not only do they look
different but they might also belong to different
regional, cultural or religious backgrounds. These
differences enrich our lives in many ways and also
make them more fun!
All these different people, who come from all kinds of
backgrounds, and belong to all kinds of religions and
cultures help to make India so interesting and so
diverse. What does diversity add to our lives? How
did India become like this? Are all kinds of difference
a part of diversity? Can diversity also be a part of
unity? Read this chapter to find some answers.
Chapter 1
Understanding
Diversity
hree children around your age have drawn
the figures above. Use the empty box to
draw your human figure. Is your drawing
similar to any of the others? The chances are
that your drawing is quite different from the
other three, which you can see are quite
different from each other. This is because each
one of us has a unique drawing style. We not
only don't look exactly like each other but also
differ in terms of the language we speak, our
cultural backgrounds, the religious rituals we
observe and, of course the way we draw!
T
4/ Social and Political Life
Now ask your teacher to help you
check, how many of you have similar
answers. Is there anyone whose list
matches yours exactly? Probably not.
But many of you may have similar
answers. How many like reading the
same kind of books? How many
different languages are spoken by the
students in your class?
By now you must have recognised
the many ways in which you are quite
like some of your classmates and
other ways in which you are different
from them. 
Making friends
Do you think it would be easy for you
to make friends with someone who
was very different from you? Read the
following story and think about this.
I had meant it as a joke. A joke
made up for a small ragged boy who
sold newspapers at the Janpat
crossing at the busy intersection.
Every time I cycled past he would run
after me, holding out the English paper
and screaming out the evening's
headlines in a mixture of Hindi and
English words. This time, I stopped by
the pavement and asked for the Hindi
paper. His mouth fell open.
"You mean you know Hindi?" he
asked.
"Of course," I said as I paid for the
paper.
"Why? What did you think?" 
He paused. "But you look so…so
angrez," he said. "You mean you can
even read Hindi?"
"Of course I can," I said, this time a
little impatiently. "I can speak, read
and write Hindi. Hindi is one of the
subjects I study in school."
"Subjects?" he asked. How could I
explain what a subject was to someone
who had never been to school? "Well, it
is something…" I began, but the lights
changed, and the honking behind me
grew a hundredfold and I let myself be
pushed along with the rest of the
traffic.
Fill out the following information
about yourself
When I go out I like wearing
At home I speak in 
My favourite sport is
I like reading books about
Understanding Diversity / 5
The next day he was there again,
smiling at me and holding out a Hindi
paper. "Bhaiyya," he said, "aap ka
akhbaar. Ab Bathaaiye yeh subject
kya cheez hai?" the English word
sounded strange on his tongue. 
It sounded like its other meaning 
in English – to be ruled by someone
else.
"Oh, it's  just something to study," I
said. And then because the red light
had come on, I asked him, "Have you
ever been to school?" "Never," he
answered. And he added proudly, "I
began working when I was so high."
He measured himself against my
cycle-seat. "First my mother used to
come with me but I can do it all alone."
"Where is your mother now?" I
asked, but then the lights changed and
I was off. I heard him yell from
somewhere behind me, "She's in
Meerut with…" The rest was drowned
out. 
"My name is Samir," he said the
next day. And very shyly he asked,
"What's yours?" It was incredible. My
bicycle wobbled. "My name is Samir
too," I said. "What?" His eyes lit up.
"Yes," I grinned at him. "It's another
name for Hanuman's father, you
know." "So now you are Samir Ek and
I'm Samir Do," he said triumphantly.
"Something like that," I answered and
then I held out my hand. "Haath milao,
Samir Do!" His hand nestled in mine
like a little bird. I could still feel its
warmth as I cycled away.
The next day, he did not have his
usual smile for me. "There is trouble in
Meerut," he said. "Many people are
being killed there in the riots." I looked
at the headlines. Communal Riots, it
blazed. "But Samir…" I began. "I'm a
Muslim Samir," he said in answer.
"And all my people are in Meerut." His
eyes filled with tears and when I
touched his shoulder, he would not
look up.
He was not at the crossing the day
after. Neither the day after nor ever
again. And no newspaper , in English or
Hindi, can tell me where my Samir do
has gone.
(The Lights Changed by Poile Sengupta)
While Samir Ek is more familiar
with English, Samir Do speaks Hindi.
Although they both are more at home
in different languages they still
communicated with each other. They
made the effort to do so because this
was what was important to them.
Samir Ek and Samir Do also come
from different religious and cultural
backgrounds. While Samir Ek is a
Hindu, Samir Do is a Muslim.
Different religious and cultural
backgrounds such as these are an
aspect of diversity.
Name three ways in which Samir
Ek and Samir Do were different?
Did these differences prevent
them from becoming friends?
6/ Social and Political Life
In addition to their
diverse religious and
cultural backgrounds,
there are other ways
in which Samir Ek
and Samir Do are
different from each
other. For example,
while Samir Ek goes to
school, Samir Do sells
newspapers.
Samir Do did not have the
opportunity to attend school. Perhaps
you've noticed that there are several
people in the area where you live who
are poor and who don't have enough
to eat or wear and sometimes not even
a place to live. This difference is not
the same as the one we have seen
earlier. Here, we're talking not of
difference but of inequality. Inequality
comes about when a person does not
have the resources and opportunitites
that are available to other persons.
The caste system is another
example of inequality. According to
this, society was divided into different
groups depending upon the work that
people did and they were supposed to
remain in those groups. So if your
parents were potters you could only
become a potter, nothing else. This
system was considered irreversible.
And because you were not supposed
to change your profession, it was not
considered necessary for you to know
anything more than what you needed
in your profession. This created a
situation of inequality. You will read
more about this and other inequalities
in the following chapters.
What does diversity add to our
lives?
Just like Samir Ek and Samir Do
became friends, you might have
friends who are very different from
you. You have probably eaten
different kinds of food in their homes,
celebrated different festivals with
them, tried out the clothes they wear,
and learnt some of their languages
as well.
Discuss
Why do you think Samir Do did
not attend school?  Do you think
it would have been easy for him
to attend school if he wanted to?
In your opinion is it a fair
situation that some children get
to go to school and others don't?
Make a list of the festivals that
might have been celebrated by
the two boys.
Samir Ek:
Samir Do:  
Can you think of a situation in
which you made friends with
someone who was very different
from you?  Write a story that
describes this.
Make a list of the food that you
have eaten from different parts of
India.
Make a list of the languages besides
your mother tongue that you can
speak at least one or two words of.
Page 5


Look around you in the classroom: do you see
anyone who looks exactly like you do? In this
chapter you will learn that people are different from
each other in many ways. Not only do they look
different but they might also belong to different
regional, cultural or religious backgrounds. These
differences enrich our lives in many ways and also
make them more fun!
All these different people, who come from all kinds of
backgrounds, and belong to all kinds of religions and
cultures help to make India so interesting and so
diverse. What does diversity add to our lives? How
did India become like this? Are all kinds of difference
a part of diversity? Can diversity also be a part of
unity? Read this chapter to find some answers.
Chapter 1
Understanding
Diversity
hree children around your age have drawn
the figures above. Use the empty box to
draw your human figure. Is your drawing
similar to any of the others? The chances are
that your drawing is quite different from the
other three, which you can see are quite
different from each other. This is because each
one of us has a unique drawing style. We not
only don't look exactly like each other but also
differ in terms of the language we speak, our
cultural backgrounds, the religious rituals we
observe and, of course the way we draw!
T
4/ Social and Political Life
Now ask your teacher to help you
check, how many of you have similar
answers. Is there anyone whose list
matches yours exactly? Probably not.
But many of you may have similar
answers. How many like reading the
same kind of books? How many
different languages are spoken by the
students in your class?
By now you must have recognised
the many ways in which you are quite
like some of your classmates and
other ways in which you are different
from them. 
Making friends
Do you think it would be easy for you
to make friends with someone who
was very different from you? Read the
following story and think about this.
I had meant it as a joke. A joke
made up for a small ragged boy who
sold newspapers at the Janpat
crossing at the busy intersection.
Every time I cycled past he would run
after me, holding out the English paper
and screaming out the evening's
headlines in a mixture of Hindi and
English words. This time, I stopped by
the pavement and asked for the Hindi
paper. His mouth fell open.
"You mean you know Hindi?" he
asked.
"Of course," I said as I paid for the
paper.
"Why? What did you think?" 
He paused. "But you look so…so
angrez," he said. "You mean you can
even read Hindi?"
"Of course I can," I said, this time a
little impatiently. "I can speak, read
and write Hindi. Hindi is one of the
subjects I study in school."
"Subjects?" he asked. How could I
explain what a subject was to someone
who had never been to school? "Well, it
is something…" I began, but the lights
changed, and the honking behind me
grew a hundredfold and I let myself be
pushed along with the rest of the
traffic.
Fill out the following information
about yourself
When I go out I like wearing
At home I speak in 
My favourite sport is
I like reading books about
Understanding Diversity / 5
The next day he was there again,
smiling at me and holding out a Hindi
paper. "Bhaiyya," he said, "aap ka
akhbaar. Ab Bathaaiye yeh subject
kya cheez hai?" the English word
sounded strange on his tongue. 
It sounded like its other meaning 
in English – to be ruled by someone
else.
"Oh, it's  just something to study," I
said. And then because the red light
had come on, I asked him, "Have you
ever been to school?" "Never," he
answered. And he added proudly, "I
began working when I was so high."
He measured himself against my
cycle-seat. "First my mother used to
come with me but I can do it all alone."
"Where is your mother now?" I
asked, but then the lights changed and
I was off. I heard him yell from
somewhere behind me, "She's in
Meerut with…" The rest was drowned
out. 
"My name is Samir," he said the
next day. And very shyly he asked,
"What's yours?" It was incredible. My
bicycle wobbled. "My name is Samir
too," I said. "What?" His eyes lit up.
"Yes," I grinned at him. "It's another
name for Hanuman's father, you
know." "So now you are Samir Ek and
I'm Samir Do," he said triumphantly.
"Something like that," I answered and
then I held out my hand. "Haath milao,
Samir Do!" His hand nestled in mine
like a little bird. I could still feel its
warmth as I cycled away.
The next day, he did not have his
usual smile for me. "There is trouble in
Meerut," he said. "Many people are
being killed there in the riots." I looked
at the headlines. Communal Riots, it
blazed. "But Samir…" I began. "I'm a
Muslim Samir," he said in answer.
"And all my people are in Meerut." His
eyes filled with tears and when I
touched his shoulder, he would not
look up.
He was not at the crossing the day
after. Neither the day after nor ever
again. And no newspaper , in English or
Hindi, can tell me where my Samir do
has gone.
(The Lights Changed by Poile Sengupta)
While Samir Ek is more familiar
with English, Samir Do speaks Hindi.
Although they both are more at home
in different languages they still
communicated with each other. They
made the effort to do so because this
was what was important to them.
Samir Ek and Samir Do also come
from different religious and cultural
backgrounds. While Samir Ek is a
Hindu, Samir Do is a Muslim.
Different religious and cultural
backgrounds such as these are an
aspect of diversity.
Name three ways in which Samir
Ek and Samir Do were different?
Did these differences prevent
them from becoming friends?
6/ Social and Political Life
In addition to their
diverse religious and
cultural backgrounds,
there are other ways
in which Samir Ek
and Samir Do are
different from each
other. For example,
while Samir Ek goes to
school, Samir Do sells
newspapers.
Samir Do did not have the
opportunity to attend school. Perhaps
you've noticed that there are several
people in the area where you live who
are poor and who don't have enough
to eat or wear and sometimes not even
a place to live. This difference is not
the same as the one we have seen
earlier. Here, we're talking not of
difference but of inequality. Inequality
comes about when a person does not
have the resources and opportunitites
that are available to other persons.
The caste system is another
example of inequality. According to
this, society was divided into different
groups depending upon the work that
people did and they were supposed to
remain in those groups. So if your
parents were potters you could only
become a potter, nothing else. This
system was considered irreversible.
And because you were not supposed
to change your profession, it was not
considered necessary for you to know
anything more than what you needed
in your profession. This created a
situation of inequality. You will read
more about this and other inequalities
in the following chapters.
What does diversity add to our
lives?
Just like Samir Ek and Samir Do
became friends, you might have
friends who are very different from
you. You have probably eaten
different kinds of food in their homes,
celebrated different festivals with
them, tried out the clothes they wear,
and learnt some of their languages
as well.
Discuss
Why do you think Samir Do did
not attend school?  Do you think
it would have been easy for him
to attend school if he wanted to?
In your opinion is it a fair
situation that some children get
to go to school and others don't?
Make a list of the festivals that
might have been celebrated by
the two boys.
Samir Ek:
Samir Do:  
Can you think of a situation in
which you made friends with
someone who was very different
from you?  Write a story that
describes this.
Make a list of the food that you
have eaten from different parts of
India.
Make a list of the languages besides
your mother tongue that you can
speak at least one or two words of.
Understanding Diversity / 7
You probably like reading and
hearing stories and adventures about
different animals, people and even
ghosts. Perhaps you even enjoy
making up stories yourself! Many
young people feel happy when they
read a good story because it gives
them lots of ideas to make up more
stories. People who write stories get
their ideas from all sorts of different
places – from books, and real life and
from their imagination.
Some may have lived in forests
close to animals and chosen to write
of their fights and friendships. Others
read real accounts of kings and
queens and wrote stories about love
and honour. Some dipped into their
own childhood memories of school
and friends and wrote stories of
adventure.
Imagine
if all the
storytellers
and writers
that you
have heard
and read so
far were forced to live in a
place where all people wore
the same two colours red and
white, ate the same food
(maybe potatoes!), took care
of the same two animals, 
for example, the deer and 
the cat, and to entertain
themselves played snakes
and ladders. What kind of
stories do you think they
would write?
DIVERSITY IN INDIA
India is a country of many diversities.
We speak different lang-uages, have
various types of food, celebrate
different festivals, practise different
religions. But actually, if you think
about it, we do many things that are
similar except that we do them in
different ways.
How do we explain Diversity?
A little more than two hundred years
ago or long before the train,
aeroplane, bus or car became a part of
our lives, people travelled from one
part of the world to another, in ships,
on horses or camels or on foot.
Imagine that you are a writer or
an artist who lives in the place
described above. Either write a
story or draw a picture of your 
life here.
Do you think you would enjoy
living in a place like this?  List five
different things that you would
miss the most if you lived here.
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NCERT Textbook - Understanding Diversity Class 6 Notes | EduRev

,

practice quizzes

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Summary

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Viva Questions

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study material

,

shortcuts and tricks

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NCERT Textbook - Understanding Diversity Class 6 Notes | EduRev

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pdf

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