UPSC : National Commission for STs Notes | EduRev
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- National Commission for STs is directly established by Article 338-A.
- The National Commission for SCs and STs was established in 1990 through 65th Amendment Act.
- The 89th Constitutional Amendment added an Article 338-A in 2003, creating a separate National Commission for STs which was established in 2004.
- It consists of 1 Chairperson, 1 Vice-Chairperson & 3 other members appointed by the President of India.
- Their conditions of office and tenure is determined by the President.
Functions of the Commission
- To investigate & monitor the Constitutional & other safeguards provided for STs and whether they are effective.
- To inquire into complaints of violation of rights of STs.
- To participate and advice in the planning for socio-economic development of STs.
- To present reports annually or earlier to the President on above matters.
- To recommend measures to be taken by the Govts to further Safeguard the rights of STs across the nation.
- To discharge such other functions regarding welfare and development of STs as the President may specify :
≫ Measures to be taken for conferring ownership rights on minor forest produce/ safeguarding rights of Tribes over mineral resources, etc./ to provide viable livelihood/ to ensure full implementation of provisions of PESA Act of 1996.
Powers of the Commission
- Commission is vested with power to regulate its own procedure.
- The commission while investigating any matter or inquiring into any complaint will have powers equivalent to a civil court in following respects :
≫ Summoning & enforcing attendance of any person under oath.
≫ Requiring discovery & production of any document.
≫ Receiving evidence in affidavits.
≫ Requisitioning any public record from any court.
≫ Issuing summons for examination of witnesses & documents.
≫ Any other matter which the President may determine.
- Central & State Govt are required to consult the commission on all major policy matters affecting STs.