National Commission for STs Notes | EduRev

Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

UPSC : National Commission for STs Notes | EduRev

The document National Commission for STs Notes | EduRev is a part of the UPSC Course Indian Polity for UPSC CSE.
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Introduction

  • National Commission for STs is directly established by Article 338-A.
  • The National Commission for SCs and STs was established in 1990 through 65th Amendment Act.
  • The 89th Constitutional Amendment added an Article 338-A in 2003, creating a separate National Commission for STs which was established in 2004.
  • It consists of 1 Chairperson, 1 Vice-Chairperson & 3 other members appointed by the President of India.
  • Their conditions of office and tenure is determined by the President.

Functions of the Commission

  • To investigate & monitor the Constitutional & other safeguards provided for STs and whether they are effective.
  • To inquire into complaints of violation of rights of STs.
  • To participate and advice in the planning for socio-economic development of STs.
  • To present reports annually or earlier to the President on above matters.
  • To recommend measures to be taken by the Govts to further Safeguard the rights of STs across the nation.
  • To discharge such other functions regarding welfare and development of STs as the President may specify :
    ≫ Measures to be taken for conferring ownership rights on minor forest produce/ safeguarding rights of Tribes over mineral resources, etc./ to provide viable livelihood/ to ensure full implementation of provisions of PESA Act of 1996.

Powers of the Commission

  • Commission is vested with power to regulate its own procedure.
  • The commission while investigating any matter or inquiring into any complaint will have powers equivalent to a civil court in following respects :
    ≫ Summoning & enforcing attendance of any person under oath.
    ≫ Requiring discovery & production of any document.
    ≫ Receiving evidence in affidavits.
    ≫ Requisitioning any public record from any court.
    ≫ Issuing summons for examination of witnesses & documents.
    ≫ Any other matter which the President may determine.
  • Central & State Govt are required to consult the commission on all major policy matters affecting STs.
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