Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

Geography (Prelims) by Valor Academy

UPSC : Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

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Natural Vegetation of India

Natural Vegetation of India

Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

Types of vegetation

  • Tropical evergreen & semi-evergreen.
  • Tropical Deciduous – moist & dry
  • Tropical Thorns and shrubs.
  • Montane
  • Tidal forests

Types of vegetation

Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

 

Tropical evergreen & semi-evergreen

  • Found in warm & humid areas with an annual rainfall of over 200 cm. and temperature above 22 degree
  • Evergreen by nature
  • Height 60 meters and above.
  • Main trees are ebony, mahogany and rosewood.
  • The regions are Western Ghats Andaman & Nicobar Is. and N.E.India

Semi-Evergreen forest

  • Found in less rainy parts of regions of evergreen forests
  • Main species are : cedar , hollock, kail.

Tropical Deciduous

Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

Tropical Deciduous

  • Also called Monsoon forests.
  • Found in areas where rainfall is between 70cm to 200cms.
  • Main areas are :U P, Bihar, Orissa, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, Shiwalik hills and ranier parts of peninsula.
  • Main trees are Teak ,Sal, shisham, hurra, khair, Amaltas etc.

Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

Tropical Thorn

  • Occurs in areas where rainfall is below 50 cms.
  • Consists of variety of grass and ahrubs
  • Areas included are SW Punjab, U.P, Rajasthan, Gujrat,Haryana and M.P.
  • Kikar, Babool,Neem and Date palms are the main trees.

Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

Montane Forests

Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

Montane forest

  • Can be divided into- Northern mountain & Southern mountain forests
  • The Himalayan Temperate and Alpine forests
    are found in all the ranges of middle and upper Himalayas.
  • The trees range from 100-250cms.at an elevation 1600-3000mts and
  • the Alpine forests at a higher elevation of 3500mts and above.
  • A great variety of species like broad leafed temperate evergreen trees like oaks, laurels, chestnuts, walnuts etc…
  • The Alpine vegetation consists of birch junipers, silver fir and rhododendrons.
  • At higher altitudes, mosses and kichens form part of the Tundra vegetation

Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

 

Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

  • The southern mountain forest include the forests found in Peninsular India- Vindhya, Western Ghats and Nilgiri
  • Here the vegetation is temperate in the higher regions and sub-tropical in the lower regions
  • The temperate forests are called “Sholas” in South

Tidal forest

  • Found along the coasts and river areas.
  • Can survive in both fresh and salty water.
  • Sundari is a well known Mangrove tree.
  • The main area is Sunder ban delta. It is a delta of Ganga and Brahamputra.

Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

 

Natural Vegetation of India - Indian Geography, UPSC, IAS UPSC Notes | EduRev

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