One Word Substitution (Part -1) - English Grammar Teaching Notes | EduRev

English Grammar

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Teaching : One Word Substitution (Part -1) - English Grammar Teaching Notes | EduRev

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1. One who does not believe in government.     
Anarchist

2. Yearly reoccurrence of a particular occasion.
Anniversary

3. Of unknown name of authorship.    
Anonymous

4. A thing capable of destroying bacteria.
Antibiotic

5. A thing given to counteract the bad effect of any medicine, poison etc.   
Antidote

6. One who collects the studies of old relics of art.
Antiquary

7. A substance that checks rotting or infection.
Antiseptic

8. Artificial tank for keeping live fish or plants.
Aquarium

9. Creatures living in water.
Aquatic

10. One appointed to settle dispute between two parties.
Arbitrator

11. Study of life and culture of ancient people.
Archaeology

12. Old expressions no more in use.
Archaism

13. A person who prepares plans for buildings.
Architect

14. Government by the nobility.
Aristocracy

15. A professional singer, dancer etc.
Artiste

16. One who practises physical hardships for spiritual gains.
Ascetic

17. One who goes in a space vehicle.
Astronaut

18. Not believing in the existence of God.
Atheism

19. An assembly of listeners.
Audience

20. Life story written on oneself.
Autobiography

21. A government by one man.
Autocracy

22. A large cage or building for keeping birds.
Aviary

23. Art of science of flying aeroplanes.
Aviation

24. Hastily erected barrier across a road or lane.
Barricade

25. One who is inclined to fight.
Bellicose

26. What happens after every two years.
Biennial

27. A collector, admirer and lover of books.
Bibliophile

28. Custom of having two husbands/wives.
Bigamy

29. One having narrow prejudiced religious views.
Bigot

30. Speaking/writing two languages (Bilingual States).
Bilingual

31. An animal who walks on two feet (man).
Biped

32. The life-history of a person.
Biography

33. Contemptuous speech or writing about God or divinity.
Blasphemy

34. Shutting up of a place/city by enemy troops.
Blockade

35. A woman with brown hair and fair complexion.
Blonde

36. A member of the middle (upper) class.
Bourgeois

37. To shut out from social, economic or political relation.
Boycott

38. A woman with dark brown hair, dark eyes, black complexion.
Brunette

39. A government dominated by officials.
Bureaucracy

40. A person having no sense of sympathy.
Calious

41. An animal that eats its own kind.
Cannibal

42. Animal feeding on flesh.
Carnivorous

43. Broad, tolerant unprejudiced outlook. 
Catholicity

44. The state of being unmarried/total sexual abstinence.
Celibacy

45. A round about way of expression.
Circumlocution

46. An associate in the same enterprise, office, profession.
Colleague

47. A secret agreement for fraudulent purpose.
Collusion

48. A colleague belonging to the same country.
Compatriot

49. Satisfied with one's own achievement.
Complacent

50. A settlement of disputes by both parties.
Compromise

51. Electronic calculating and memorising machine.
Computer

52. One well versed in an art, so its judge and critic.
Connoisseur

53. Agreement of opinion among different groups.
Consensus

54. Living in the same period.
Contemporary

55. Universal in outlook.
Cosmopolitan

56. One who readily believes in others.
Credulous

57. China wares used for tea, food etc. (cups, pots, plates).
Crockery

58. Appliances used in kitchen forks, knives etc.
Cutlery

59. One who considers human nature as evil.
Cynic

60. A situation bringing progress/talks to standstill.
Deadlock

61. Act of leaving a party to join another.
Defection

62. A government by the people.
Democracy

63. Moving away from the main point.
Digression

64. Art of conducting negotiations between nations.
Diplomacy

65. Feeble and childish state due to old age.
Dotage

66. A match/contest in which neither party wins.
Drawn

67. Dry weather with no rainfall.
Drought

68. Statement or speech not likely to be true.
Dubious

69. One having unusual habits.
Eccentric

70. Fit to be eaten as food.
Edible

71. A man who is womanish in habits.
Effeminate

72. One who is self centred.
Egoist

73. Qualified to be selected for a job or office.
Eligible

74. One who leaves a country to live in another.
Emigrant

75. A book giving information on all branches of knowledge.
Encyclopaedia

76. The scientific study of insects.
Entomology

77. One fond of good food, drinks and sensuous pleasure.
Epicure

78. Disease widespread at a time.
Epidemic

79. Concluding part of a literary work.
Epilogue

80. Inscription on a tomb about the person buried.
Epitaph 

81. One who rides a horse.
Equestrian

82. A condition of perfect balance.
Equilibrium

83. To root out (evil diseases etc.).
Eradicate

84. A study of comparative cultures of the people of different races.
Ethnology

85. Science dealing with the root of words.    
Etymology

86. Without previous preparation - speech etc.
Extempore

87. One very enthusiastic especially in religion.
Fanatic

88. One very refined and not easily pleased.
Fastidious

89. Animals of a specialised region or time.
Fauna

90. One who believes that fate controls man.
Fatalist

91. One who champions the cause of women.
Feminist

92. Splitting of the nucleus of atom.
Fission

93. Plants that grow in a particular region.
Flora

94. Killing the child (foetus) in the womb.
Foeticide

95. One belonging to another country.
Foreigner

96. Murder of a brother.
Fraticide

97. Large groups of stars in the sky.
Galaxy

98. Science of human descent.
Genealogy

99. Science of the Earth's crust, the interior and strata.
Geology

100. That which kills germs.
Germicide

101. Openness to discuss any issue.
Glasnost

102. One who eats too much.
Glutton

103. Animals that live in blocks/groups.
Gregarious

104. Force which pulls things towards Earth's centre.
Gravitation

105. Room with appliances for physical exercises.
Gymnasium

106. Seeing things not actually present.
Hallucination

107. One who believes in the philosophy of life for pleasure.
Hedonist

108. Descending from generation to generation.
Hereditary

109. Opinion opposed to established doctrines.
Heresy

110. Murder or murderer of a man.
Homicide

111. Work for which no payment is taken.
Honorary

112. Science of growing fruits, vegetable's flowers in orchards-gardens.
Horticulture

113. A vehicle that moves on a cushion of air.
Hovercraft

114. One who sympathises with and serves the people.
Humanitarian

115. A supposition made basis for reasoning.
Hypothesis

116. One who breaks the established traditions and images.
Iconoclast

117. A peculiarity of temperament.
Idiosyncrasy

118. Worship of idols and images.
Idolatry

119. An ignorant and stupid person.
Ignoramus

120. Something against law.
Illegal

121. One who cannot read or write.
Illiterate

122. To decorate with lights.
Illuminate

123. Too odd to be remembered.
Immemorial

124. A foreigner who comes to stay in a country.
Immigrant

125. About to happen.
Imminent

126. Power to resist infection.
Immunity

127. Which is not likely to happen.
Improbable

128. Exemption from punishment.
Impunity

129. What cannot be heard.
Inaudible

130. Connected with opening ceremony.
Inaugural

131. Not of good omen.
Inauspicious

132. That cannot be understood.
Incomprehensible

133. That cannot be corrected or improved.
Incorrigible

134. That which cannot be believed.
Incredible

135. That cannot be avoided.
Inevitable

136. Which/who cannot get tired (person/effort).
Indefatigable

137. That cannot be blotted or rubbed off.
Indelible

138. Incapable of doing wrong.
Infallible

139. Murder or murderer of a baby.
Infanticide

140. Disease liable to be transmitted by air/water.
Infectious

141. That which easily catches fire.
Inflamable

142. Which cannot be copied or imitated.
Inimitable

143. That is harmless (person, plant, animal).
Innocuous

144. Which is out of place or ill timed.
Inopportune

145. Which cannot be satisfied.
Insatiable

146. One who is not able to pay debts.
Insolvent

147. That cannot be won over.
Insuperable

148. That cannot be touched or grasped mentally.
Intangible

149. Class of people regarded as the enlightened.
Intelligentsia

150. Having made no will (before one's death).
Intestate

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