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PDS - Food Security and PDS, Economy Traditional Video Lecture | Indian Economy for UPSC CSE

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FAQs on PDS - Food Security and PDS, Economy Traditional Video Lecture - Indian Economy for UPSC CSE

1. What is the role of the Public Distribution System (PDS) in ensuring food security?
Ans. The Public Distribution System (PDS) plays a crucial role in ensuring food security by providing subsidized food grains to the economically vulnerable sections of society. It aims to distribute essential commodities like rice, wheat, and sugar at affordable prices through a network of fair price shops.
2. How does the PDS contribute to the economy?
Ans. The PDS contributes to the economy by promoting social welfare and reducing poverty. It ensures food availability and accessibility to the needy population, thus improving their nutritional status. Additionally, it stabilizes food prices, mitigates food inflation, and supports agricultural production by providing a guaranteed market for farmers.
3. What are the traditional practices in the Indian economy that affect food security?
Ans. Traditional practices in the Indian economy that affect food security include inefficient agricultural practices, lack of access to modern technology, inadequate storage and transportation facilities, and dependence on rainfall for irrigation. These factors contribute to low agricultural productivity, post-harvest losses, and limited market access, ultimately impacting food security.
4. How does food security impact the overall economy of a country?
Ans. Food security has a significant impact on the overall economy of a country. When a population is food secure, it leads to improved health, productivity, and cognitive development. This, in turn, enhances the labor force, stimulates economic growth, and reduces healthcare costs. Additionally, food security reduces dependence on food imports, strengthens agricultural sectors, and promotes rural development.
5. How does the Public Distribution System (PDS) ensure the targeted delivery of food subsidies?
Ans. The Public Distribution System (PDS) ensures the targeted delivery of food subsidies through the issuance of ration cards to eligible households. These ration cards categorize beneficiaries based on their socio-economic status, ensuring that the most vulnerable sections of society receive the benefits. The PDS also employs digitized systems to prevent leakages, such as biometric authentication and electronic weighing scales, to ensure fair distribution and prevent pilferage.
165 videos|297 docs|142 tests

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