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Lecture 12 
Agriculture & Allied Sector
Capstone IAS Learning
Page 2


Lecture 12 
Agriculture & Allied Sector
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Land reforms and Green Revolution. 
Food management policy of India. 
Food Processing Sector. 
Farm input management. 
Agricultural credit. 
Farm insurance, Agri-mechanisation, Agri-extension 
services and other miscellaneous issues. 
Agricultural marketing, MS Swaminathan 
commission and Ashok Dalwai committee.
Page 3


Lecture 12 
Agriculture & Allied Sector
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Land reforms and Green Revolution. 
Food management policy of India. 
Food Processing Sector. 
Farm input management. 
Agricultural credit. 
Farm insurance, Agri-mechanisation, Agri-extension 
services and other miscellaneous issues. 
Agricultural marketing, MS Swaminathan 
commission and Ashok Dalwai committee.
Introduction
Economic transformation of a country like India 
crucially depends on the performance of its 
Agriculture and Allied sectors. 
This sector happens to be the largest source of 
livelihood in India. Our goal of food security also 
depends on the performance of this sector. 
As high as 70% of rural households depend on 
agriculture for their livelihood, with 82% of the 
farmers being in the small and marginal category. 
The objective of inclusiveness in development has to be 
realised through a focus on rural development where 
agriculture can deliver significantly.
Page 4


Lecture 12 
Agriculture & Allied Sector
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Land reforms and Green Revolution. 
Food management policy of India. 
Food Processing Sector. 
Farm input management. 
Agricultural credit. 
Farm insurance, Agri-mechanisation, Agri-extension 
services and other miscellaneous issues. 
Agricultural marketing, MS Swaminathan 
commission and Ashok Dalwai committee.
Introduction
Economic transformation of a country like India 
crucially depends on the performance of its 
Agriculture and Allied sectors. 
This sector happens to be the largest source of 
livelihood in India. Our goal of food security also 
depends on the performance of this sector. 
As high as 70% of rural households depend on 
agriculture for their livelihood, with 82% of the 
farmers being in the small and marginal category. 
The objective of inclusiveness in development has to be 
realised through a focus on rural development where 
agriculture can deliver significantly.
Overview of Agriculture
Share in Gross Value Added(GVA) 
The share of Agriculture and Allied activities in GVA of the country has 
declined from 18.2%(2018-19) to 16.5%(2019-20). 
This is due to relatively higher growth performance in non-agricultural sectors. 
This is a natural outcome of the development process that leads to faster 
growth in non-agri sectors owing to the structural changes in the economy. 
Growth in Agriculture & Allied Activities 
The growth of GVA of this sector has shown a fluctuating trend 
Real GVA growth rate of Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing Sector is estimated to 
grow at 2.8% in 2019-20 as compared to 2.9% in 2018-19. 
Gross Capital Formation(GCF) in Agriculture & Allied sectors 
The GCF to GVA ratio in this sector has been showing a fluctuating trend. 
From 16.5% in 2012-13 to 15.2% in 2017-18.
Page 5


Lecture 12 
Agriculture & Allied Sector
Capstone IAS Learning
What will we cover
Land reforms and Green Revolution. 
Food management policy of India. 
Food Processing Sector. 
Farm input management. 
Agricultural credit. 
Farm insurance, Agri-mechanisation, Agri-extension 
services and other miscellaneous issues. 
Agricultural marketing, MS Swaminathan 
commission and Ashok Dalwai committee.
Introduction
Economic transformation of a country like India 
crucially depends on the performance of its 
Agriculture and Allied sectors. 
This sector happens to be the largest source of 
livelihood in India. Our goal of food security also 
depends on the performance of this sector. 
As high as 70% of rural households depend on 
agriculture for their livelihood, with 82% of the 
farmers being in the small and marginal category. 
The objective of inclusiveness in development has to be 
realised through a focus on rural development where 
agriculture can deliver significantly.
Overview of Agriculture
Share in Gross Value Added(GVA) 
The share of Agriculture and Allied activities in GVA of the country has 
declined from 18.2%(2018-19) to 16.5%(2019-20). 
This is due to relatively higher growth performance in non-agricultural sectors. 
This is a natural outcome of the development process that leads to faster 
growth in non-agri sectors owing to the structural changes in the economy. 
Growth in Agriculture & Allied Activities 
The growth of GVA of this sector has shown a fluctuating trend 
Real GVA growth rate of Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing Sector is estimated to 
grow at 2.8% in 2019-20 as compared to 2.9% in 2018-19. 
Gross Capital Formation(GCF) in Agriculture & Allied sectors 
The GCF to GVA ratio in this sector has been showing a fluctuating trend. 
From 16.5% in 2012-13 to 15.2% in 2017-18.
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FAQs on PPT: Agriculture & Allied Sector - Indian Economy for UPSC CSE

1. What are the main challenges faced by the agriculture and allied sector?
Ans. The main challenges faced by the agriculture and allied sector include climate change, water scarcity, pests and diseases, lack of technological advancements, and limited access to credit and markets.
2. How does climate change affect the agriculture and allied sector?
Ans. Climate change affects the agriculture and allied sector by altering rainfall patterns, increasing the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, and causing temperature fluctuations. These changes can lead to crop failures, reduced yields, and loss of livestock.
3. What are some technological advancements in the agriculture and allied sector?
Ans. Some technological advancements in the agriculture and allied sector include precision farming, use of drones for monitoring and crop spraying, automated irrigation systems, genetically modified crops, and digital platforms for market access and information sharing.
4. How does the agriculture and allied sector contribute to rural development?
Ans. The agriculture and allied sector contributes to rural development by providing employment opportunities, improving income levels, reducing poverty, enhancing food security, and supporting the growth of related industries such as food processing, agribusiness, and rural tourism.
5. What are the government initiatives to support the agriculture and allied sector?
Ans. The government initiatives to support the agriculture and allied sector include subsidy programs for inputs like seeds, fertilizers, and machinery, provision of credit facilities, establishment of agricultural extension services, implementation of crop insurance schemes, and promotion of sustainable farming practices.
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