Short & Long Answer Question - Physical World Class 11 Notes | EduRev

Physics For JEE

JEE : Short & Long Answer Question - Physical World Class 11 Notes | EduRev

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Q1. Why do we call physics an exact science?

It is because of the high precision and accuracy with which the physical quantities are measured in physics. 

Short & Long Answer Question - Physical World Class 11 Notes | EduRevQuantum Physics

Also, because of the deterministic nature of physics. The laws of physics are applicable everywhere, there are no exceptions to it.


Q2. Why is physics regarded as basic science?

Physics has played a key role in the development of physical sciences, technology, medicine and life science. So many authorities in the other fields of knowledge consider physics to be the basis of all sciences.


Q3. Why was science called natural philosophy in earlier days?

This is because, in earlier days, scientific knowledge was gained from the direct study of natural phenomena without any experimentation. ‘Philo’ means ‘Love’ and ‘Sophia’ means ‘knowledge’. Thus, exploring the knowledge of nature was the initial approach towards science.


Q4. Should a scientific discovery which has nothing but dangerous consequences for mankind be made public?

Science is the search for eternal truth. Any discovery good or bad must be made public. A discovery which appears dangerous today may prove useful to mankind later on. However, a strong public opinion should be built up against the misuse of dangerous discoveries.


Q5. Is science not on speaking terms with humanities? Comment.

No, science helps in the growth of humanities by preserving old manuscripts and articles of historical values, enriching music, etc.


Q6. Is physics more of a philosophy or more of a mathematical science?

Physics is more of a philosophy than a mathematical science. In fact, understanding and appreciation of physics without a philosophical outlook is incomplete.


Q7. Does imagination play any role in physics?

Yes, imagination has played an important role in the development of physics. Huygens’s principle, Bohr's theory. Maxwell's equations, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, etc. were the imaginations of the scientists who successfully explained the various natural phenomena.


Q8. What are the similarities between science and the arts?

Both science and arts are creative. Both portray the realm of experience.


Q9. How is science different from technology?

Science is the study of natural laws while technology is the practical application of these laws to daily life problems.


Q10. The physicists think at a level far higher than a normal individual. Is it true?

Yes, physicists are always ahead of their time. In order to predict events much in advance, they have to think far higher than the normal individual.


Q11. What is a gravitational force?

It is the force of mutual attraction between two bodies by virtue of their masses.


Q.12. What is an electromagnetic force?
Ans. It is the force due to the interaction between two moving charges. It is caused by the exchange of photons (γ) between two charged particles.

Q13. What is a nuclear force?

It is the strongest attractive interaction which binds together the protons and neutrons in a nucleus.


Q14. What is a weak nuclear force?

It is the force that appears only between elementary particles involved in a nuclear process such as β-decay of a nucleus.


Q15. A theory is not scientific if it is not falsifiable. This means that if a theory is so constructed that it can accommodate any prediction or observation, it is not science. Use this strong argument (and any additional arguments you can think of) to challenge Astrology's claim to be a science.

Astrology predicts events on the basis of the positions of different planets at different times. It predicts the same fate for all children born at the same time which is not found to be true. An astrologer can make any prediction unchallenged. So astrology is not based on scientific laws. It cannot be classified under science.


Q16. Distinguish between classical physics and quantum mechanics.

Classical physics mainly deals with macroscopic phenomena which may be at the laboratory, terrestrial and astronomical scales. Here the particle size >10−8 m and particle velocity <<10m/s. Here we need not consider strong or weak nuclear forces. Gravitational and electromagnetic forces are sufficient to explain these macroscopic phenomena. On the other hand, quantum mechanics deals with microscopic phenomena at the minute scales of atoms, molecules and nuclei. Here the strong and weak nuclear forces become dominant. Also, In quantum mechanics at microscopic scale, probabilistic nature governs the matter which restricts the measurement of accurate position and momentum simultaneously.


Q17. Discuss the relation of physics to chemistry.

In physics, we study the structure of the atom, radioactivity, X-ray diffraction, etc. Such studies have enabled chemists to arrange elements in the periodic table on the basis of their atomic numbers. This has further helped to know the nature of valence and chemical bonding and to understand the complex chemical structures.


Q18. Discuss the relation of physics with technology.

The applications of physics have played a key role in the development of technology. Today we see the applications of physics in every walk of life.
Some of the major technologies based on the applications of physics are as follows:

  • Electromagnetic waves are used in radio, television, radar and wireless communication.
  • Newton's concept of gravitation is used in geostationary satellites which help us in forecasting weather and in geophysical surveys.
  • X-rays are used in radiotherapy, in detecting fractures or dislocations in bones, in studying crystal systems, in engineering and industry.
  • The study of thermodynamics has helped to design heat engines which have revolutionized the industry.
  • The study of electricity has led to the development of electric appliances like electric motors and generators which are the backbone of the industry.


Q19. The fate of society is linked to developments in physics. Comment.

The fate of a society is closely linked to physics. Whatever is discovered in physics, it immediately affects society.
For example,

  • The developments of telephone, telegraph, telex enable us to quickly exchange messages between far off places.
  • The discoveries of radio and television have made possible instantaneous communication with other parts of the world.
  • The launching of satellites into space has revolutionized the concept of communication.
  • The development of alternative sources of energy is of great importance to mankind.
  • Microelectronics, lasers, computers, superconductivity and nuclear energy have entirely changed the thinking and the living style of human beings.


Q20. What is the role of physics in your daily life?

The applications of physics have played a key role in the development of technology. Today we see the applications of physics in every walk of life.
Some of the major technologies based on the applications of physics are as follows:

  • Electromagnetic waves are used in radio, television, radar and wireless communication.
  • Newton's concept of gravitation is used in geostationary satellites which help us in forecasting weather and geophysical survey.
  • X-rays are used in radiotherapy, in detecting fractures or dislocations in bones, in studying crystal systems, in engineering and industry.
  • The study of thermodynamics has helped to design heat engines which have revolutionized the industry.
  • The study of electricity has led to the development of electric appliances like electric motors and generators which are the backbone of the industry.
  • Nuclear power stations based on nuclear fission constitute one of the major sources of energy.
  • The concepts of modern electronics find extensive use in telephone exchanges, robots, etc.
  • The discovery of silicon chips has brought a revolution in the computer industry.
  • Geothermal energy, i.e., the heat in the depth of the earth is being used these days. The tidal energy in the oceans and solar energy can be converted into other forms of energy and used.
  • Radioactive isotopes are now being widely used in medicine, agriculture, and industry. These technologies have made our lives comfortable and materially prosperous.
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