The Idea of Kingship and The Nobility - The Delhi Sultanate, History, UPSC UPSC Notes | EduRev

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The document The Idea of Kingship and The Nobility - The Delhi Sultanate, History, UPSC UPSC Notes | EduRev is a part of the UPSC Course History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims.
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The Idea of Kingshiand The Nobility

The Idea of Kingship

  • During the reign of Iltutmish, the position of the sultan was not considered much higher than that of a noble. He treated the great Turkish nobles 

Points To Be Remembered

  • Bhima-II, the Solanki ruler of Gujarat, was the first Indian ruler to defeat Muhammad of Ghur.
  • The Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque in Delhi of the period of the Slave Dynasty was originally a Vishnu temple.
  • Bhaktiyar Khalji, the military officer of Muhammad of Ghur, was responsible for bringing Bihar and Bengal under Muslim rule.
  • The original name of Balban was Ulugh Khan.
  • Nasiruddin Khugrau was the only Hindu convert to Islam to sit on the throne of Delhi Sultanate.
  • The Turks eschewed representation of human and animal figures in the buildings.
  • They used geometrical and floral designs, combining them with panels of inscriptions containing verses from the Quran. The combination of these decorative devices was called “Arabesque”.

as his equals.

  • Balban placed the monarchy at a higher level than the nobility.
  • Ala-ud-din Khalji allowed himself to be dominated by dreams of exacted morchical power.
  • Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq was extremely social in the relations with the nobles.
  • In regard to obedience to the shariat and submission to the guidance of the Ulema, Firuz Tughlaq reversed the policy of Ala-ud-din and thereby weakened the monarchy.
  • Under the Lodis, kingshiassumed a new complexion; the racial basis, which had been weakened by the Khaljis and the Tughlaqs, was restored.

The Nobility

  • In the thirteenth century the nobility was composed of persons of foreign origin but they belonged to two distinct groups: the Turkish slave-nobles and the non-Turkish (taziq) foreigners of high birth who immigrated to India from Central Asia and West Asia in search of fortune.
  • Of the two groups of nobles, the Turks were stronger and they claimed a monopoly of high offices in the state.
  • Alauddin ignored the racial and hereditary 

 

Points To Be Remembered

  • The Delhi Sultans are credited with introducing the institution of ‘Dalals’ in India to facilitate commercial transaction on a large scale.
  • With the introduction of sericulture in India by the Turks, the Indian silk industry received a boost.
  • The origins of differentiation between the Hindustani and the Carnatic school of music can probably be traced to the period of the Delhi Sultanate.
  • The Delhi Sultan who introduced plebian elements in his nobility was Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq.
  • Firuz Tughlaq ordered the translation of a large number of Hindu religious works from Sanskrit to Persian.

claims of the Turks and conferred high offices on nobles whom he considered efficient and trustworthy; but he tried to break their solidarity by stern measures.

  • With a view to weakening the old nobility Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq set ua new order of office-holders of heterogeneous racial origins.
  • The reign of Firuz Tughlaq was a period of harmony between the Crown and the nobility.
  • Under the Lodis, the Sultanate became, in effect, on partnershibetween the crown and the mobility.
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