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What happens when higher energy ultraviolent radiation acts on the oxygen at higher level of atmosphere
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What happens when higher energy ultraviolent radiation acts on the oxy...
Ozone is formed at the higher level of atmosphere by the action of UV radiation on molecule. High energy UV radiations split apart some oxygen molecules into atomic oxygen which react with molecular oxygen to form ozone molecules.
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What happens when higher energy ultraviolent radiation acts on the oxy...
The Effect of Higher Energy Ultraviolet Radiation on Oxygen in the Higher Atmosphere

When higher energy ultraviolet (UV) radiation acts on the oxygen present in the higher levels of the atmosphere, several important processes occur. These processes play a crucial role in maintaining the balance and stability of the Earth's atmosphere.

1. Absorption of UV Radiation
- The oxygen molecules in the atmosphere absorb UV radiation primarily in the range of 180-240 nm, known as the UV-C range.
- These high-energy UV photons are capable of breaking the oxygen (O₂) molecules into individual oxygen atoms (O).

2. Formation of Ozone (O₃)
- The oxygen atoms (O) produced from the dissociation of O₂ molecules can quickly react with other O₂ molecules to form ozone (O₃) through a series of complex reactions.
- The formation of ozone is a crucial process that occurs predominantly in the stratosphere, specifically in the ozone layer.

3. Ozone Layer Formation
- The ozone layer is a region located in the stratosphere, approximately 10 to 50 kilometers above the Earth's surface.
- It is formed due to the accumulation of ozone molecules (O₃) resulting from the absorption of UV-C radiation by oxygen (O₂).
- The ozone layer acts as a shield, absorbing most of the harmful UV-C radiation and a significant portion of UV-B radiation from the Sun.

4. Protection from Harmful UV Radiation
- The absorption of UV radiation by the ozone layer helps protect life on Earth from the detrimental effects of excessive UV exposure.
- UV-C radiation is almost entirely absorbed by the ozone layer, preventing it from reaching the Earth's surface.
- UV-B radiation, which is partially absorbed by the ozone layer, does reach the Earth's surface but at much lower levels compared to UV-C.

5. Consequences of Ozone Depletion
- Human activities, such as the release of chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) and other ozone-depleting substances, have led to a significant reduction in the ozone layer.
- This depletion allows more harmful UV radiation to reach the Earth's surface, leading to various consequences such as increased risk of skin cancer, cataracts, and damage to marine ecosystems.
- The Montreal Protocol, an international agreement, was established to regulate the production and use of ozone-depleting substances in order to protect the ozone layer.

In summary, when higher energy UV radiation acts on oxygen in the higher atmosphere, it leads to the formation of ozone, which plays a crucial role in protecting life on Earth from harmful UV radiation. However, human activities have contributed to ozone depletion, emphasizing the importance of environmental conservation and the need to reduce the use of ozone-depleting substances.
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What happens when higher energy ultraviolent radiation acts on the oxygen at higher level of atmosphere Related: NCERT Solution - Our Environment, Class 10, Science
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