CENTRAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION (CBI)
Cases Handled by the CBI
(i) Anti-Corruption Crimes
(ii) Economic Crimes
(iii) Special Crimes - for investigation of serious and organized crime under the Indian Penal Code and other laws on the requests of State Governments or on the orders of the Supreme Court and High Courts - such as cases of terrorism, bomb blasts, kidnapping for ransom and crimes committed by the mafia/the underworld.
(iv) Suo Moto Cases - CBI can suo-moto take up investigation of offences only in the Union Territories.
Director of CBI
(i) Director, CBI as Inspector General of Police, Delhi Special Police Establishment, is responsible for the administration of the organisation.
(ii) Till 2014, the CBI Director was appointed on the basis of the DSPE Act, 1946.
(iii) In 2014, the Lokpal Act provided a committee for appointment of CBI Director:
(i) The Supreme Court of India has criticised the CBI by calling it a "caged parrot speaking in its master’s voice", due to excessive political interference in its functioning.
(ii) It has often been used by the government of the day to cover up wrongdoing, keep coalition allies in line and political opponents at bay.
(iii) It has been accused of enormous delays in concluding investigations - For example, the inertia in its probe against the high dignitaries in Jain hawala diaries case [of the 1990s].
(iv) Loss of Credibility
(v) Lack of Accountability
(vi) Acute shortage of personnel: A major cause of the shortfall is the government's sheer mismanagement of CBI's workforce.
(vii) Limited Powers: The powers and jurisdiction of members of the CBI for investigation are subject to the consent of the State Govt.
USA and FBI
In the United States of America (USA), the federal States have their own Constitution and yet they have subjected themselves to the jurisdiction of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) which is a Central agency. Like India, police and public order is a State subject in the USA too and that in all cases involving a federal offence in the USA, the FBI and the local police have concurrent jurisdictions; but the moment the FBI steps in, the local police stops investigation.
(i) Providing statutory status through legislation equivalent to that provided to the Comptroller & Auditor General and the Election Commission wil help maintain the independence of the institution.
(ii) Twenty fourth report of Department related parliamentary standing committee on personnel, public grievances, law and justice on working of CBI recommended the following: