PPT: Preamble- 2 Notes | EduRev

Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

UPSC : PPT: Preamble- 2 Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


Lecture 2 (Part 
2)
PREAMBLE
Capstone IAS Learning
Page 2


Lecture 2 (Part 
2)
PREAMBLE
Capstone IAS Learning
Contents Of Preamble
Source of the Constitution
Nature Of Indian State
Objectives of Indian State
Date of adoption and enactment
Page 3


Lecture 2 (Part 
2)
PREAMBLE
Capstone IAS Learning
Contents Of Preamble
Source of the Constitution
Nature Of Indian State
Objectives of Indian State
Date of adoption and enactment
SOVEREIGN
• Sovereign means Supreme
• Supreme inside India and Outside too: we live in nation state and every 
nation is sovereign . If we follow UN then it cant dictate us but we are there 
for cooperation.
• Internally & Externally supreme. Externally supreme means that in case of 
International environment whatever the decision will be taken Indian state 
will be representator of that : that will be the supreme . Internal Supremacy 
means all the power lies with the state .
Page 4


Lecture 2 (Part 
2)
PREAMBLE
Capstone IAS Learning
Contents Of Preamble
Source of the Constitution
Nature Of Indian State
Objectives of Indian State
Date of adoption and enactment
SOVEREIGN
• Sovereign means Supreme
• Supreme inside India and Outside too: we live in nation state and every 
nation is sovereign . If we follow UN then it cant dictate us but we are there 
for cooperation.
• Internally & Externally supreme. Externally supreme means that in case of 
International environment whatever the decision will be taken Indian state 
will be representator of that : that will be the supreme . Internal Supremacy 
means all the power lies with the state .
SOVEREIGN
• The Preamble begins with the words, “We, the people of India….”, thus 
clearly indicating the source of all authority under the Constitution. The 
Preamble establishes the ultimate sovereignty of the people of India on 
whose authority the Constitution rests. It points out the at the Constitution 
of India has been ordained by the people of India through their 
representatives in Constituent Assembly. 
• However, through the words of the Preamble, what is sought to be 
established is the oneness of the people of India (not the people of 
different states but of one nation), that the sovereignty vests in the 
collectivity, and the that the people of India are not subordinate to any 
external authority. With the enactment of the Constitution India was no 
longer a ‘dominion’ it was a ‘republic’.
Page 5


Lecture 2 (Part 
2)
PREAMBLE
Capstone IAS Learning
Contents Of Preamble
Source of the Constitution
Nature Of Indian State
Objectives of Indian State
Date of adoption and enactment
SOVEREIGN
• Sovereign means Supreme
• Supreme inside India and Outside too: we live in nation state and every 
nation is sovereign . If we follow UN then it cant dictate us but we are there 
for cooperation.
• Internally & Externally supreme. Externally supreme means that in case of 
International environment whatever the decision will be taken Indian state 
will be representator of that : that will be the supreme . Internal Supremacy 
means all the power lies with the state .
SOVEREIGN
• The Preamble begins with the words, “We, the people of India….”, thus 
clearly indicating the source of all authority under the Constitution. The 
Preamble establishes the ultimate sovereignty of the people of India on 
whose authority the Constitution rests. It points out the at the Constitution 
of India has been ordained by the people of India through their 
representatives in Constituent Assembly. 
• However, through the words of the Preamble, what is sought to be 
established is the oneness of the people of India (not the people of 
different states but of one nation), that the sovereignty vests in the 
collectivity, and the that the people of India are not subordinate to any 
external authority. With the enactment of the Constitution India was no 
longer a ‘dominion’ it was a ‘republic’.
SOCIALIST
• While the original Constitution did not mention any particular 
ideology, it did give expression to the resolve of securing to the 
citizens economic justice and equality of opportunity. This is the 
essence of socialism. The word ‘socialist’ was introduced in he 
Preamble by the 42nd Amendment. The term, however, is not 
defined in the Constitution. It may be pointed out that the 
socialism envisaged in India does not mean abolition of private 
property or nationalization of all means of production. 
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