PPT: Preamble - Political Science Lecture 2(1) UPSC Notes | EduRev

Indian Polity for UPSC CSE

UPSC : PPT: Preamble - Political Science Lecture 2(1) UPSC Notes | EduRev

 Page 1


PREAMBLE
Page 2


PREAMBLE
The Preamble to the Indian Constitution
The preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement 
that sets out the guiding purpose, principles and philosophy of the 
constitution. Preamble gives an idea about the following :
(1) the source of the constitution,
(2) nature of Indian state
(3) a statement of its objectives and
(4) the date of its adoption.
Page 3


PREAMBLE
The Preamble to the Indian Constitution
The preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement 
that sets out the guiding purpose, principles and philosophy of the 
constitution. Preamble gives an idea about the following :
(1) the source of the constitution,
(2) nature of Indian state
(3) a statement of its objectives and
(4) the date of its adoption.
Source of the Constitution
• We, the people of India.
• The phrase “We the people of India” emphasises that the constitution is 
made by and for the Indian people and not given to them by any outside 
power.
• It also emphasizes the concept of popular sovereignty as laid down by 
Rousseau: All the power emanates from the people and the political 
system will be accountable and responsible to the people.
Page 4


PREAMBLE
The Preamble to the Indian Constitution
The preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement 
that sets out the guiding purpose, principles and philosophy of the 
constitution. Preamble gives an idea about the following :
(1) the source of the constitution,
(2) nature of Indian state
(3) a statement of its objectives and
(4) the date of its adoption.
Source of the Constitution
• We, the people of India.
• The phrase “We the people of India” emphasises that the constitution is 
made by and for the Indian people and not given to them by any outside 
power.
• It also emphasizes the concept of popular sovereignty as laid down by 
Rousseau: All the power emanates from the people and the political 
system will be accountable and responsible to the people.
Nature of Indian state
• Sovereign: India is internally and externally sovereign 
• Socialist: “Socialism” as an economic philosophy where means of production 
and distribution are owned by the State. Socialism as a social philosophy 
stresses more on societal equality.
• Secular: The state will have no religion of its own and all persons will be equally 
entitled to the freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practice and 
propagate the religion of their choice.
• Democratic: The rulers are elected by the people and are responsible to them.
• Republic: A democratic republic is an entity in which the head of state is 
elected, directly or indirectly, for a fixed tenure. 
Page 5


PREAMBLE
The Preamble to the Indian Constitution
The preamble to the Constitution of India is a brief introductory statement 
that sets out the guiding purpose, principles and philosophy of the 
constitution. Preamble gives an idea about the following :
(1) the source of the constitution,
(2) nature of Indian state
(3) a statement of its objectives and
(4) the date of its adoption.
Source of the Constitution
• We, the people of India.
• The phrase “We the people of India” emphasises that the constitution is 
made by and for the Indian people and not given to them by any outside 
power.
• It also emphasizes the concept of popular sovereignty as laid down by 
Rousseau: All the power emanates from the people and the political 
system will be accountable and responsible to the people.
Nature of Indian state
• Sovereign: India is internally and externally sovereign 
• Socialist: “Socialism” as an economic philosophy where means of production 
and distribution are owned by the State. Socialism as a social philosophy 
stresses more on societal equality.
• Secular: The state will have no religion of its own and all persons will be equally 
entitled to the freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practice and 
propagate the religion of their choice.
• Democratic: The rulers are elected by the people and are responsible to them.
• Republic: A democratic republic is an entity in which the head of state is 
elected, directly or indirectly, for a fixed tenure. 
Objectives of Indian State
• Justice : Social, Economic and Political.
• Equality : of status and opportunity.
• Liberty : of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship
• Fraternity (Brotherhood) : assuring the dignity of the individual and the 
unity and integrity of the nation.
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