Sources of Nutrients and Deficiency diseases CLAT Notes | EduRev

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CLAT : Sources of Nutrients and Deficiency diseases CLAT Notes | EduRev

The document Sources of Nutrients and Deficiency diseases CLAT Notes | EduRev is a part of the CLAT Course Static GK for Exam Preparation.
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By definition, a nutrient is any substance that is absorbed and either provides you with energy or enables growth, repair or proper functioning of your body.There are seven main classes of nutrients that the body needs. These are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, fibre and water.

It is important that everyone consumes these seven nutrients on a daily basis to help them build their bodies and maintain their health. Deficiencies, excesses and imbalances in diet can produce negative impacts on health, which may lead to diseases.This list of nutrients, their sources, constituents and deficiency diseases will help you prepare for the Competetive Examination.

List of Nutrient Sources and their Deficiency diseases

Sr.
no. 
Nutrients
Constituent
Deficiency Diseases
Nutrients
1Vitamin ARetinol, Retinoic Acid, Beta-CaroteneNight-blindness,Healing epithelial cells,Normal development of teeth and bonesCarrots, Papaya, Milk, Cheese, Fish Liver Oil, Green Vegetables etc.
2Vitamin B1ThiamineBeriberiBrewer’s Yeast, Whole Grain, Oatmeal, Legumes, Peanuts, Dried Soybean, Sunflower Seeds etc.
3Vitamin B2RiboflavinAriboflavinosisBeef Liver, Lamb, Milk, Mushroom, Spinach, Almonds etc.
4Vitamin B3Niacin or Nicotinic AcidPellagraTuna, Chicken, Turkey, Mushrooms , Bacon, Broccoli, Veal etc.
5Vitamin B5Pantothenic AcidAcne, ParesthesiaChicken Liver, Sunflower Seeds, Salmon, Avocados, Corn, Broccoli, Mushroom etc.
6Vitamin B6Pyridoxine, Pyridoxal, PyridoxamineDandruff-like eruptions, Pink eye, EpilepsyPotatoes & other starchy vegetables, Fruit (other than citrus) etc.
7Vitamin B7BiotinGrowth & Neurological Disorders in InfantsRaw Egg Yolk, Liver, Peanuts, Yeast, Whole-wheat Bread, Cheddar Cheese, Pork etc.
8Vitamin B9Folic AcidMacrocytic Anaemia, Birth DefectsDark Leafy Greens like Spinach, Asparagus, Broccoli, Citrus Fruits, Beans, Peas, Lentils, Avocados etc
9Vitamin B12Various CobalaminsMacrocytic Anaemia, Memory Loss, Pernicious Anaemia, Mania, Psychosis, ParalysisSeafood, Beef, Chicken, Eggs etc.
10Vitamin CL-Ascorbic AcidScurvyAmla, Guava, Chillis, Kiwi, Broccoli, Orange, Papaya, Lemon, etc.
11Vitamin DCalciferol (D2) & Cholecalciferol (D3)Rickets, Osteomalacia,Needed for absorption of calcium from small intestines,Calcification of the skeletonSunlight, Mushrooms, Alfalfa, Fish Liver Oils, Cooked Egg Yolk, etc.
12Vitamin ETochopherols & TocotrienolsRed Blood Cell Destruction, Ataxia, Retinopathy, Peripheral Neuropathy, Reproductive FailureWheat Germ Oil, Canola Oil, Sunflower Oil, Almond Oil, Hazelnuts, Peanuts etc.
13Essential Fatty AcidsOmega 3 (Alpha Linolenic Acid) and Omega 6 (Linolenic Acid)Several bodily processes afflicted, Skin AilmentsFish Oils, Flaxseed Oil, Hemp Oil, Olive Oil, Pumpkin Seeds, Leafy Vegetables etc.
14Vitamin KPhylloquinone (K1), Menaquinone (K2)Lack of Clotting of Blood, Lack of Tissue RenewalGreen Leafy Vegetables etc.
15Iron
Anaemia, ArrhythmiaRed Meat, Seafood, Egg Yolk, Bananas, Apple, Green Vegetables, Broccoli, Beans, Pumpkin Seeds etc.
16Potassium
High Blood Pressure, Arrhythmia, Muscle Weakness, Myalgia, Muscle Cramps, Constipation, Respiratory Depression, ParalysisMeat, Milk, Fruits, Vegetables, Whole Grains etc.
17Calcium
Osteoporosis, Hypocalcemia, OstopeniaMilk and Milk Products, Eggs, Wheatgrass etc.
18Magnesium
Deterioration of Metabolism & Cellular Functioning, Heart Attacks, Insulin ResistanceNuts and Seeds, Green Vegetables, Dark Chocolate, Whole Grains etc.
1920Sodium
Cognitive Impairment, Headaches, Nausea, Seizure, Coma, Electrolytic ImbalanceSalt, Fish, Meat, Vegetables etc.
21Chlorine
 alkalosisSalt, Milk, Meats, Vegetables etc.
22Phosphorous
hypophosphatemia , rickets in children and osteomalacia in adultsMeat, Fish, Poultry, Eggs, Milk, Bananas etc.
23Iodine
Goitre, Cretinism, Deterioration of Metabolism & Cellular Functioning,Iodised Salt, Sea Food, Green Vegetables, Raw Milk, Eggs etc.
24Protein
KwashiorkorMeat, Seafood, Eggs, Pulses & Legumes, Milk & Milk Products etc.
25Protein-Energy
MarasmusGrains, Pulses & Legumes, Meat, Milk & Milk Products, Eggs, Seafood etc.
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