UPSC Exam  >  UPSC Notes  >  UPSC Optional Subject Syllabus: Agriculture

UPSC Optional Subject Syllabus: Agriculture PDF Download

Paper- I

  • Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, their sustainable management and conservation. Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribution and production. Agro ecology; cropping pattern as indicators of environments. Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops, animals and humans. Climate change—International conventions and global initiatives. Green house effect and global warming. Advance tools for ecosystem analysis—Remote Sensing (RS) and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).
  • Cropping patterns in different agro-climatic zones of the country. Impact of high-yielding and short-duration varieties on shifts in cropping patterns. Concepts of various  cropping, and farming systems. Organic and Precision farming. Package of practices for production of important cereals, pulses, oil seeds, fibres, sugar, commercial and fodder crops. 
  • Important features, and scope of various types of  forestry plantations such as social forestry, agro-forestry, and natural forests : Propagation of forest plants. Forest products. Agro-forestry and value addition. Conservation of forest flora and fauna. 
  • Weeds, their characteristics, dissemination and association with various crops; their multiplications; cultural, biological, and chemical control of weeds.
  • Soil—physical, chemical and biological properties. Processes and factors of soil formation. Soils of India. Mineral and organic constituents of soils and their role in maintaining soil productivity. Essential plant nutrients and other beneficial elements in soils and plants. Principles of soil fertility, soil testing  and fertiliser recommendations, integrated nutrient management Biofertilizers. Losses of nitrogen in soil, nitrogen-use efficiency in submerged rice soils, nitrogen fixation in soils. Efficient phosphoruse and potassium use. Problem soils and their reclamation. Soil factors affecting green house gas emission.  
  • Soil conservation, integrated  watershed management. Soil erosion and its management. Dry land agriculture and its problems. Technology for stabilising agriculture production in rainfed  areas. 
  • Water-use efficiency in relation to crop production, criteria for scheduling irrigations, ways and means of reducing run-off  losses of irrigation water. Rainwater harvesting. Drip and sprinkler irrigation. Drainage of water-logged soils, quality of irrigation water, effect of industrial effluents on soil and water pollution. Irrigation projects in India. 
  • Farm  management, scope, importance and characteristics, farm planning. Optimum resource use and budgeting. Economics of different types of farming systems. Marketing management strategies for development, market intelligence. Price fluctuations and their cost; role of co-operatives in agricultural economy; types and systems of farming and factors affecting them. Agricultural price policy. Crop Insurance. 
  • Agricultural extension, its importance and role, methods of evaluation of extension programmes, socio-economic survey and status of big, small and marginal farmers and landless agricultural labourers; Training programmes for extension workers. Role of Krishi Vigyan Kendra’s (KVK) in dissemination of Agricultural technologies. Non-Government Organisation (NGO) and self-help group approach for rural development. 

Paper - II

  • Cell structure, function and cell cycle. Synthesis, structure and function of  genetic material. Laws of heredity.  Chromosome structure, chromosomal aberrations, linkage and cross-over, and their significance in recombination breeding. Polyploidy, euploids and aneuploids. Mutation—and their role in crop improvement. Heritability, sterility and incompatibility, classification and their application in crop improvement. Cytoplasmic inheritance, sex-linked, sex-influenced and sex-limited characters.
  • History of plant breeding. Modes of reproduction, selfing and crossing techniques. Origin, evolution and domestication of crop plants, center of origin, law of homologous series, crop genetic  resources—conservation and utilization. Application of principles of plant breeding, improvement of crop plants. Molecular markers and their application in plant improvement. Pure-line selection, pedigree, mass and recurrent selections, combining ability, its significance in plant breeding. Heterosis and its exploitation. Somatic hybridization. Breeding for disease and pest resistance.  Role of  interspecific and intergeneric hybridization. Role of genetic engineering and biotechnology in crop improvement Gernetically modified  crop plants. 
  • Seed production and processing technologies. Seed certification, Seed testing and storage. DNA finger printing and seed registration. Role of public and private sectors in seed production,  and marketing. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) issues, WTO issues and its impact on Agriculture. 
  • Principles of Plant Physiology with reference to plant nutrition, absorption, translocation and metabolism of nutrients. Soil-water-plant relationship. 
  • Enzymes and plant pigments; photosynthesis—modern concepts and factors affecting the process, aerobic and anaerobic respiration; C3, C4 and CAM mechanisms. Carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism. Growth and development; photoperiodism and vernalization. Plant growth  substances and their role in crop production. Physiology of seed development and germination; dormancy. Stress physiology—draught, salt and water stress. 
  • Major fruits, plantation crops, vegetables, spices and flower crops. Package practices of major horticultural crops. Protected cultivation and high tech horticulture. Post-harvest technology and value addition of fruits and vegetables. Landscaping and commercial floriculture. Medicinal and aromatic plants. Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition.
  • Diagnosis of pests and diseases of field crops, vegetables, orchard and plantation crops and their economic importance. Classification of  pests and diseases and their management. Intergrated pest and diseases  management. Storage pests and their management. Biological control of pests and diseases. Epidemiology and forecasting of major crop pests and diseases. Plant quarantine measures. Pesticides, their formulation and modes of action.
  • Food production and consumption trends in India. Food security and growing population—vision 2020. Reasons for grain surplus. National and International food policies. Production, procurement, distribution constraints. Availability of foodgtrains, per capita expenditure on food. Trends in poverty, Public Distribution System and Below Poverty Line population, Targeted Public Distribution System (PDS), policy implementation in context to globalization. Processing constraints. Relation of food production to National Dietary Guidelines and food consumption pattern. Food based dietary approaches to eliminate hunger. Nutrient deficiency—Micro nutrient deficiency : Protein Energy Malnutrition or Protein Calorie Malnutrition (PEM or PCM), Micro nutrient deficiency and HRD in context of work capacity of women and children. Food grain productivity and food security.
The document UPSC Optional Subject Syllabus: Agriculture is a part of UPSC category.
All you need of UPSC at this link: UPSC

FAQs on UPSC Optional Subject Syllabus: Agriculture

1. What is the syllabus for the UPSC optional subject Agriculture?
Ans. The syllabus for the UPSC optional subject Agriculture includes topics like Agroecology and its relevance to man, Cropping patterns in different agro-climatic zones of India, Principles of agronomy and agricultural meteorology, Factors affecting crop production, etc.
2. How many optional subjects are there in the UPSC exam?
Ans. The UPSC exam allows candidates to choose one optional subject from a list of 48 subjects, including Agriculture. Candidates can select any subject based on their interest and background knowledge.
3. Are there any specific books recommended for preparing Agriculture as an optional subject for the UPSC exam?
Ans. Yes, there are several books recommended for preparing Agriculture as an optional subject for the UPSC exam. Some popular ones include "Agricultural Economics" by R. L. Kapoor, "Fundamentals of Agriculture" by Arun Katyayan, and "Agricultural Meteorology" by D. S. Pai.
4. What are the career opportunities for candidates with a background in Agriculture after clearing the UPSC exam?
Ans. Candidates with a background in Agriculture and who have cleared the UPSC exam can explore various career opportunities. They can join the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and work in departments like Agriculture, Rural Development, and Food Processing. They can also work in research institutions, agricultural universities, and international organizations related to agriculture and rural development.
5. Is it necessary to have a background in Agriculture to choose it as an optional subject for the UPSC exam?
Ans. No, it is not necessary to have a background in Agriculture to choose it as an optional subject for the UPSC exam. Candidates from any educational background can opt for Agriculture as long as they have an interest in the subject and are willing to put in the effort to study and prepare for it.
Download as PDF
Explore Courses for UPSC exam

How to Prepare for UPSC

Read our guide to prepare for UPSC which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers
Signup for Free!
Signup to see your scores go up within 7 days! Learn & Practice with 1000+ FREE Notes, Videos & Tests.
10M+ students study on EduRev
Download the FREE EduRev App
Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!
Related Searches

UPSC Optional Subject Syllabus: Agriculture

,

UPSC Optional Subject Syllabus: Agriculture

,

Objective type Questions

,

Previous Year Questions with Solutions

,

Summary

,

Sample Paper

,

Semester Notes

,

MCQs

,

Important questions

,

UPSC Optional Subject Syllabus: Agriculture

,

mock tests for examination

,

Viva Questions

,

study material

,

Extra Questions

,

pdf

,

ppt

,

Free

,

Exam

,

practice quizzes

,

video lectures

,

past year papers

,

shortcuts and tricks

;