Which Island was notified as Island Protection Zone (IPZ) 2019 by Union Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change recently?
  • a)
    Andaman and Nicobar Island
  • b)
    Kurumgad Island
  • c)
    Khanderi Island
  • d)
    Worli Island
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Satish Kumar answered  •  55 minutes ago
The union environment ministry notified island protection zone (IPZ) 2019 for “Andaman and Nicobar”, which allows eco-tourism projects 20 metres from the high tide line (HTL) in smaller islands like Baratang.

The questions in this section are based on a single passage. The questions are to be answered on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage.
Please note that for some of the questions, more than one of the choices could conceivably answer the question. However, you are to choose the best answer; that is, the response that most accurately and completely answers the question.
Passage for Question
In 1954, a Bombay economist named A.D. Shroff began a Forum of Free Enterprise, whose ideas on economic development were somewhat at odds with those then influentially articulated by the Planning Commission of the Government of India. Shroff complained against the ‘indifference, if not discouragement’ with which the state treated entrepreneurs.
At the same time as Shroff, but independently of him, a journalist named Philip Spratt was writing a series of essays in favour of free enterprise. Spratt was a Cambridge communist who was sent by the party in 1920s to foment revolution in the subcontinent. Detected in the act, he spent many years in an Indian jail. The books he read in the prison, and his marriage to an Indian woman afterwards, inspired a steady move rightwards. By the 1950s, he was editing a pro-American weekly from Bangalore, called MysIndia. There he inveighed against the economic policies of the government of India. These, he said, treated the entrepreneur ‘as a criminal who has dared to use his brains independently of the state to create wealth and give employment’. The state’s chief planner, P.C. Mahalanobis, had surrounded himself with Western leftists and Soviet academicians, who reinforced his belief in ‘rigid control by the government over all activities’. The result, said Spratt, would be ‘the smothering of free enterprise, a famine of consumer goods, and the tying down of millions of workers to soul-deadening techniques.’
The voices of men like Spratt and Shroff were drowned in the chorus of popular support for a model of heavy industrialization funded and directed by the governments. The 1950s were certainly not propitious times for free marketers in India. But from time to time their ideas were revived. After the rupee was devalued in 1966, there were some moves towards freeing the trade regime, and hopes that the licensing system would also be liberalized. However, after Indira Gandhi split the Congress Party in 1969, her government took its ‘left turn’, nationalizing a fresh range of industries and returning to economic autarky.
Q.
The author that A.D. Shroff’s ideas were somewhat at odds with the views of Planning Commission because:
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Omparkash answered  •  55 minutes ago
The correct option is C.
It is clear from the following lines ‘Shroff complained against the ‘indifference, if not discouragement’ with which the state treated entrepreneurs.
At the same time as Shroff, but independently of him, a journalist named Philip Spratt was writing a series of essays in favour of free enterprise.’
 

A moot question to be considered is whether democratic form of government is a boon or bane, no matter what Lincoln might or might not have said. Rather his most (in ?) famous adage, 'by the people, for the people and of the people' misses the most pertinent question; which. attitude works behind when a person declares that heis a (or the right ?) candidate to serve the people, and does not hesitate to contest and fight tooth and nail the election, an euphemism for battle with or without bullets. Admittedly, the covert attitude is different from overt attitude. Hardly any one contests the election unwillingly. A contestant is not persuaded by any one, but driven by his own passions and dubious motives. Contrast this picture with Socrates' version ; no honest man willingly takes up the job of ruler. If at all he accepts, he does so for fear of being ruled by one made up of inferior mettle. It is beyond even the wildest imagination, to expect an honest person to contest the election.
Assuming that every statement is true, identify from among the given alternatives the one which strictly follows from the passage.
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Shadi Ram answered  •  55 minutes ago
The correct answer is C  which more or less restates the question at the opening if the para follows strictly the passage , the passage does not give enough information to verify any of the options given completely.

The first country in the world to have begun shutting down the entire Frequency Modulation (FM) radio network to be replaced by Digital Audio Broadcasting is:
  • a)
    Norway
  • b)
    Switzerland
  • c)
    United States of America
  • d)
    China
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Kunta Devi Rana answered  •  55 minutes ago
A is the correct option.Norway  became the first country in the world to begin shutting down its entire FM (Frequency Modulation) radio network and replacing it with digital radio — a move that is being closely monitored by other European nations.

Union Minister for Home Affairs (HM), Shri Amit Shah has presided over the signing of a quadripartite agreement between the central government and state Governments of Tripura ,Mizoram and representatives of the Bru tribe in New Delhi to end 23-year old Bru-Reang refugee crisis. As per the new agreement, about 34,000 Bru refugees will be inhabited in Tripura and assisted by central government with its allocated budget of Rs 600 crores to help in their resettlement. ii. Each family of the Bru community will be allotted individual land blocks & the individual terrain will be 2,500 sq ft. In addition, each family will be provided a one-time assistance of Rs. 4 lakh as fixed deposit (FD), Rs 1.5 lakh to build houses,financial assistance of Rs 5,000 per month for livelihood and free ration for the next 2 years. Mizoram Chief Minister (CM), (X), CM of Tripura, (Y), Chairman, NEDA, Shri Himanta Biswa Sarma, Chairman, TIPRA, Shri Pradyot Kishore Debbarma, representatives of Bru tribes & other senior officers were also present during the signing ceremony. About Bru-Reang Tribes: Reangs / Brus are the 2nd largest ethnic group in Mizoram state. The Bru community in Mizoram is considered a group of Scheduled Tribes (ST) and a separate caste group in Tripura. The people of this community speak the Katuic language. Bru-Reang refugee crisis: The residential area of ​​the Bru community extends to Mizoram, Tripura in India and some areas of the Chittagong Hill Tracts in Bangladesh.
In 1995, tension arose between the Bru community and the people of the Mizo community over their participation in the Mizoram state elections. People in the Mizo community stated that the people of the Bru community are not residents of the state. The 1996 communal riots between the Bru and people of the majority Mizo community led to their exodus. In 1997, following ethnic tension, around 5,000 families of 30,000 Bru-Reang tribes were fled from Mizoram and took shelter in Tripura. These refugees were living in temporary shelters at Kanchanpur, in North Tripura.
Q. What is replaced by 'y' in the above passage?
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Rajendra Advocate answered  •  6 hours ago
The question should be" what is 'x' in the passage?"
chief minister of Mizoram is Zoramthanga. Chief minister of Tripura is Biplab Kumar Deb.

Zile Singh asked   •  2 hours ago

The implicit rationale for, or the philosophical foundation of, the intellectual property rights system in India is embodied in three underlying objectives. First, it seeks to strike a balance between the interest of producers on the one hand and consumers on the other, that is, those who develop the scientific knowledge or innovate and those who use the goods or services derived there from. Needless to say every country attempts the same, but where the balance is reached depends on the level of development. The "levels" of income in the economy and the stage of development in the society are thus particularly important in the context.
The logical exclusions from patentability follows from this objective. Methods of horticulture and agriculture, as also food, are excluded because such a large proportion of the population is dependent on agriculture for a livelihood. The purchasing power of the poor even for food is limited, while drugs and medicines are excluded because millions do not have access to basic health care.
Second, it endeavours to ensure rewards for the owners of knowledge or the innovators but, at the same time, aims to place a limit on the monopoly profits or the quasi-rents which may be appropriated by the entity that commercialises the technology or transforms the scientific knowledge into a marketable product. This is the logic of compulsory licensing. There are two underlying principles set out in the Patents Act: patents are granted to encourage inventions and to secure that the inventions are available in India: and patents are not granted merely to enable the patentees to enjoy a monopoly for the importation of the patented article.
Third, it attempts to create an environment which is conducive for the diffusion of existing technologies and the development of new technologies, in so far as technology is a basic determinant of development in a society that is a latecomer to industrialisation. The patentability of process alone, but not products, in some sectors, and the reduced term of patents derives from this objective.

Q.
Why, according to the passage, are methods of horticulture and agriculture excluded from patentability?
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Parveen Kumar asked   •  2 hours ago

Read the given passage and answer the question that follows.
I first saw the leopard when I was crossing the small stream at the bottom of the hill. The ravine was so deep that for most of the day it remained in shadow. This encouraged many birds and animals to emerge from cover during the hours of daylight. Few people ever passed that way. As a result, the ravine had become a little haven of wildlife, one of the few natural sanctuaries left near Mussoorie.
It was early April and the wild roses were flowering. I walked down to the stream almost every day, after two or three hours of writing.
Nearly every morning, and sometimes during the day, I heard the cry of the barking deer. And in the evening, walking through the forest, I disturbed parties of khaleej pheasant. As I had not come to take anything from the jungle, the birds and animals soon grew accustomed to my face. After some time, my approach did not disturb them. But one evening, as I passed, I heard them chattering in the trees, and I was not the cause of their excitement.
As I crossed the stream a shower of pebbles came rattling down the steep hillside, and I looked up to see a sinewy orange-gold leopard poised on a rock about 20 feet above me.
It was not looking towards me, but had its head thrust attentively forward in the direction of the ravine. It must have sensed my presence, though, because slowly it turned its head to look down at me. It seemed a little puzzled at my presence there; when, to give myself courage, I clapped my hands sharply, the leopard sprang away into the thickets, making no sound as it melted into the shadows.
One day I found the remains of a barking deer, which had been partially eaten. I wondered why the leopard had not hidden the remains of his meal, and decided it must have been disturbed while eating. Then, climbing the hill, I met a party of shikaris. Leopard-skins, they told me, were selling in Delhi at over a thousand rupees each! Of course there was a ban on the export of skins, but they gave me to understand that there were ways and means …
I thanked them for their information and walked on, feeling uneasy. The shikaris had seen the carcass of the deer, and they had seen the leopard's pug marks, and they kept coming to the forest. Almost every evening I heard their guns banging away; for they were ready to fire at almost anything.
"There's a leopard about," they always told me. "You should carry a gun."
"I don't have one," I said.
Q. Why, according to the author, the leopard must have left the remains of the deer out in the open?
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Volvrine Gaming asked   •  2 hours ago

Directions: Read the following passage and answer the question.
Union Minister of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution (1) announced that a Central Consumer Protection Authority (CCPA) will be established by the first week of April. This was after the Minister held consultations with industry representatives about the role and functioning of a proposed CCPA.
What is the Central Consumer Protection Authority?
The authority is being constituted under Section 10(1) of The Consumer Protection Act, 2019. The Act replaced The Consumer Protection Act, (2)and seeks to widen its scope in addressing consumer concerns. The new Act recognises offences such as providing false information regarding the quality or quantity of a good or service, and misleading advertisements. It also specifies action to be taken if goods and services are found “dangerous, hazardous or unsafe”. The CCPA, introduced in the new Act, aims to protect the rights of the consumer by cracking down on unfair trade practices, and false and misleading advertisements that are detrimental to the interests of the public and consumers. The CCPA will have the powers to inquire or investigate into matters relating to violations of consumer rights or unfair trade practices suo motu, or on a complaint received, or on a direction from the central government. Sources said the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution is in the process of finalising the rules relating to the composition and functioning of the CCPA, and these are expected to be notified by April.
What can the possible structure of CCPA be?
Sources said the proposed authority will be a lean body with a Chief Commissioner as head, and only two other commissioners as members — one of whom will deal with matters relating to goods while the other will look into cases relating to services. It will be headquartered in the National Capital Region of Delhi but the central government may set up regional offices in other parts of the country. The CCPA will have an Investigation Wing that will be headed by a Director General. District Collectors too, will have the power to investigate complaints of violations of consumer rights, unfair trade practices, and false or misleading advertisements.
Q. Which of the following is not correct?
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Savitri Devi asked   •  4 hours ago

Read the passage given below and answer the questions based on it.
India and Pakistan on January 1, 2020 exchanged lists of nuclear installations that cannot be attacked in the event of hostilities, maintaining a tradition dating back nearly three decades.
The two countries also exchanged lists of their nationals held in prisons of the other country, with New Delhi seeking the early release of Indian civilian prisoners, missing defence personnel and fishermen.
The lists of nuclear installations were exchanged simultaneously through diplomatic channels in New Delhi and Islamabad. These facilities are covered by the Agreement on the Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear Installations. The Agreement on the Prohibition of Attack against Nuclear Installations and Facilities between India and Pakistan was signed on December 31, 1988 and entered into force on January 27, 1991.
Under the pact, the two countries inform each other of nuclear installations to be covered under the agreement on January 1 every year. This was the 29th consecutive exchange of such lists, with the first one having taken place in January 1992. Both sides do not disclose details of the facilities.
The lists of prisoners were exchanged under the ____(X)____. India handed over a list of 267 Pakistani civilians and 99 fishermen who are in its custody. Pakistan shared a list of 55 civilians and 227 fishermen in its custody, who are Indians or believed to be Indians, the Ministry of External Affairs said in a statement.
The Pakistani side was asked to expedite the release of four Indian civilians and 126 fishermen whose nationality has been confirmed and conveyed to Pakistan.
India asked Pakistan to grant visas to a team of medical experts and facilitate their visit to assess the mental condition of "believed-to-be Indian prisoners of unsound mind, lodged in different jails of Pakistan".
It asked Pakistan to organise an early visit of the Joint Judicial Committee, which is covered by the ____(X)____, and to also organise the visit of a ____(Y)____ to facilitate the release of 22 Indian fishing boats.
India also asked Pakistan to act speedily to confirm the nationality of 82 Pakistani prisoners, whose repatriation has been held up as Islamabad hasn't yet confirmed their citizenship.
The agreement (____(X)____) helped speed up the identification and release of hundreds of prisoners, a majority of them were fishermen. However, the process has been hit in recent years by tensions between the two sides.
Q. Who is the Prime Minister of Pakistan as in 2020?
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Supriya Gautam asked   •  6 hours ago

The government has acted with reasonable alacrity to create the post of the Chief of Defense Staff (CDS), who will head the Department of Military Affairs (DMA). It was only four months ago, on August 15, that the Prime Minister stressed the importance of creating this post, whereas two Defense Ministers came and went after Manohar Parrikar promised that this move was very much on the government’s agenda. To be fair, the delay has been more a result of fears in the minds of the three services — the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force — of how such a development could impact on the role and functioning of the three arms of the armed forces, in terms of curtailing or inflating their importance. There must have been a parallel thought in the bureaucracy how such a shift would affect them too. This move will install the CDS in the rank of a four star general. There is no doubt that the job of the CDS will be exceedingly challenging, a task which is easier set than done. The job calls for total transformation of traditional military mindset. The CDS has to restructure the military commands into appropriate theatre or joint commands for which a critical prerequisite is ‘jointness’ — a term that envisions the various arms of the armed forces working in unison towards a goal.
Q. Former Defense Minister Manohar Parrikar was also the Chief Minister of which of the following state?
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Pranesh Prabhakar asked   •  7 hours ago

Passage: There is no field of human endeavour that has been so misunderstood as health. While health which connotes well-being and the absence of illness has a low profile, it is illness representing the failure of health which virtually monopolizes attention because of the fear of pain, disability and death. Even Sushruta has warned that this provides the medical practitioner power over the patient which could be misused. Till recently, patients had implicit faith in their physician whom they loved and respected, not only for his knowledge but also in the total belief that practitioners of this noble profession, guided by ethics, always placed the patient‘s interest above all other considerations. This rich interpersonal relationship between the physician, patient and family has, barring a few exceptions, prevailed till the recent past, for caring was considered as important as curing. Our indigenous systems of medicine like ayurveda and yoga have been more concerned with the promotion of the health of both the body and mind and with maintaining a harmonious relationship not just with fellow-beings but with nature itself, of which man is an integral part. Healthy practices like cleanliness, proper diet, exercise and meditation are part of our culture which sustains people even in the prevailing conditions of poverty in rural India and in the unhygienic urban slums. These systems consider disease as an aberration resulting from disturbance of the equilibrium of health, which must be corrected by gentle restoration of this balance through proper diet, medicines and the establishment of mental peace. They also teach the graceful acceptance of old age with its infirmities resulting from the normal degenerative process as well as of death which is inevitable. This is in marked contrast to the western concept of life as a constant struggle against disease, ageing and death which must be fought and conquered with the knowledge and technology derived from their science: a science which, with its narrow dissective and quantifying approach, has provided us the understanding of the microbial causes of communicable diseases and provided highly effective technology for their prevention, treatment and control. This can rightly be claimed as the greatest contribution of western medicine and justifiably termed as ‘high’ technology. And yet the contribution of this science in the field of non-communicable diseases is remarkably poor despite the far greater inputs in research and treatment for the problems of ageing like cancer, heart diseases, paralytic strokes and arthritis which are the major problems of affluent societies today.
Q. Which of the following can be inferred about the position of the author in writing the passage?
(A) Ardent supporter of western system n present context.
(B) Supremacy of ancient Indian system in today‘s world.
(C) Critical and objective assessment of the present situation.
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Ram Chander asked   •  7 hours ago

Passage: A few weeks ago I ran into an old friend who currently one of t he mandarins deciding India‘s economic and financial policies. He asked, ―And so, how is IIT doing? As one can only indulge in friendly banter at such gatherings, I responded with, ―Not so well actually. Your market-friendly policies have forced us to raise the fee, so we have 50% fewer PhD applicants this year. Not batting an eyelid, he shot back: ―Obviously. Your PhD students don‘t have any market value. Taken aback, I shifted to a more serious tone and tried to start a discussion on the need for research in these globalised times. But he had already walked away. The last word on the imperatives of the ‘market ‘had been spoken. Actually, this view f higher education should not have surprised me. Worthies who look at everything as consumer products classify higher education as a ‘non-merit ‘good. Non-merit goods are those where only the individual benefits from acquiring them and not the society as a whole. Multilateral agencies like the World Bank have too been pushing countries like India to stop subsidies to higher education. When Ron Brown, former US commerce secretary visited India, a public meeting was organized at IIT Delhi. At that meeting I asked him: ―I understand that since the 19th century all the way up to the 1970s, most land grant and state universities in the US virtually provided free education to state citizens. Was that good for the economy, or should they have charged high fees in the early 20th century? He replied, ―It was great for the economy. It was one of the best things that the US government did at that particular time in American history building institutions of higher education which were accessible to the masses of the people. I think it is one of the reasons why our economy grew and prospered, one of the ways in which the US was able to close some of its social gaps. So people who lived in rural areas would have the same kind of access to higher education as people living in other parts of the country. It was one of the reasons for making America strong. Our policy-makers seem unaware that their mentors in the US did not follow policies at home which they now prescribe for other countries. Ron Brown‘s remarks summaries the importance of policy-makers in the US place on higher education as a vehicle for upward mobility, for the poorer sectors of their population. Even today, a majority of Americans study in state-run institutions. Some of these Michigan, Illinois, Ohio, Wisconsin and Texas, are among the best in world. The annual tuition charged from state residents (about $ 5000 a year) is about a month‘s salary paid to a lecturer. Even this fee is waived for most students. In addition, students receive stipends for books, food and hostel charges. The basic principle is that no student who gets admission to a university should have to depend on parental support if it is not available. Ron Brown‘s remarks went unnoticed in India. Every other day some luminary or the other opines that universities and technical education institutions should increase their charges and that such education should not be subsidized. Most editorials echo these sentiments. Eminent industrialists pontificate that we should run educational institutions like business houses. Visiting experts from the Bank and the IMF, in their newly emerging concern for the poor, advise us to divert funds from higher education to primary education. 
Q. What was the outcome of the US strategy of imparting free university education to US citizens? 
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Rajendra Advocate asked   •  9 hours ago

Passage: It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument which imparts knowledge and, therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore, ever since the dawn of civilization persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been the hand-maid of the ruling class.
During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society. It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hand of the prince. In other words, it became more secular. It was also due to the growth of the nationstate and powerful monarchs who united the country under their rule. Thus, under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like the Divine Right Theory and that the king can do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of society. Yet education was still confined to the few elite. The philosophy which was in vogue during this period was that of ‘laissez- faire’ restricting the function of the State to a mere keeping of law and order while, on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.
Q. Who controlled education during the Renaissance?
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Udayveer Singh asked   •  9 hours ago

Read the following passage and answer the question as directed.
ISRO plans to send a human into space for the first time by 2022. It is racing against time to develop a crew module and rocket systems that will ensure the safe travel and return of the Indian astronaut. Other countries that have successfully launched humans into space did so after having used animals for conducting tests of their rockets and crew recovery systems, while ISRO will use the humanoid to test the efficacy of its GSLV Mk III rocket to transport a human to space and back.
ISRO's GSLV Mk III rocket is currently undergoing improvisation to ensure that it is human-rated or, in other words, declared safe to transport a human being to space. Its first unmanned mission with the human-rated rocket is planned for December 2020. The crew module system is under development, and ISRO will attempt to carry out several tests over the next few months to launch and recover the module using new test launch rockets, which too are under development.
ISRO has considerable experience in building robotic systems for its space projects. Artificial intelligence was at the core of the {X} system used for the September 2019 Chandrayaan 2 mission to the Moon by assessing distances, speeds and processing commands stored in the lander systems. Once flown into space, ISRO's half-humanoid will be able to test systems in the crew module meant for the survival and safe travel of the first Indian astronaut in 2022.
The {Y} humanoid, which will test the ground for the human spaceflight, will be a very basic version of a TARS-type, artificial-intelligence-and-robotics system. The activities that {Y} will be able to perform, once fully developed for the unmanned flight, will include procedures to use equipment on board the spacecraft's crew module such as safety mechanisms and switches, as well as receiving and acting on commands sent from ground stations. Attaining launch and orbital postures, responding to the environment, generating warnings, replacing carbon dioxide canisters, operating switches, monitoring of the crew module, receiving voice commands, responding via speech (bilingual) are the functions listed for the humanoid.
Q. What is the name of the humanoid robot that was sent to ISS by Russia?
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Karmjeet Kaur asked   •  11 hours ago

''The question is based on the reasoning and arguments, or facts and principles set out in the passage. Some of these principles may not be true in the real or legal sense, yet you must conclusively assume that they are true for the purpose. Please answer the question on the basis of what is stated or implied in the passage. Do not rely on any principle of law other than the ones supplied to you, and do not assume any facts other than those supplied to you when answering the question. Please choose the option that most accurately and comprehensively answers the question.''
The main objective of Payment of Wages Act, 1936 is to avoid unnecessary delay in the payment of wages and to prevent unauthorised deductions from the wages. It applies to the payment of wages to persons employed in any factory, to persons employed (otherwise than in a factory) upon any railway by a railway administration or either directly or through a sub-contractor by a person fulfilling a contract with a railway administration and to persons employed in an industrial or other establishment.
The benefit of the Act prescribes for the regular and timely payment of wages (on or before 7th day or 10th day of the month) and preventing unauthorised deductions being made from wages and arbitrary fines.
Wages averaging less than Rs. 6500.00 per month only are covered or protected by the Act by the amendment in 2005 by {Section 1(6)}. 'Wages' means contractual wages and not overtime wages. They are not to be taken into account for deciding the applicability of the Act in the context of Section 1(6) of the Act. Wages must be paid in current coin or currency notes or in both and not in kind. It is, however, permissible for an employer to pay wages by cheque of by crediting them in the bank account if so authorised in writing by an employed person.
The provisions of the Act regarding the imposition of fines on the employed person are as follows:
The employer must exhibit on his premises a list of acts or omissions for which fines can be imposed. Before imposing a fine on an employed person, he must be given an opportunity of showing cause against the fine. The amount of fine must not exceed three percent of the wages. A fine cannot be imposed on an employed person who is under the age of fifteen years. A fine cannot be recovered by installments or after ninety days from the day of the act or omission for which it is imposed. Amount realized from fines must be applied to purposes beneficial to employed persons.
Sections 8, 10 and Rule 15 of the Act provide that "Any person desiring to impose a fine on an employed person or to make a deduction for damage or loss shall explain personally or in writing to the said person the act or omission, or damage or loss in respect of which the fine or deduction is proposed to be imposed, and the amount of fine or deduction, which it is proposed to impose, and shall hear his explanation in the presence of at least one other person, or obtain it in writing."
Q. ABC Ltd. had accumulated Rs. 5,00,000 amount from the penalties and omissions done by the employees. The amount was used by ABC Ltd. CEO for installing water purifiers for the employees. Is the application of the funds for the aforesaid purpose correct?
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