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Cleaning of slow sand filters is done by:
  • a)
    Scraping and removal of sand
  • b)
    Backwashing
  • c)
    Any of above
  • d)
    None of the above
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?
Verified Answer
Cleaning of slow sand filters is done by:a)Scraping and removal of sa...
Slow sand filters do not require chemicals or electricity to operate. Cleaning is traditionally done using a mechanical scraper, which is usually driven into the filter bed once the bed has been dried out.
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Cleaning of slow sand filters is done by:a)Scraping and removal of sa...
Cleaning of slow sand filters is done by scraping and removal of sand.

Slow sand filters are a type of water filtration system that is widely used for purifying drinking water. These filters operate by passing water through a bed of sand at a slow rate, allowing the sand to remove impurities and pathogens from the water. Over time, the sand in the filter can become clogged with debris and contaminants, reducing its effectiveness. Therefore, regular cleaning is necessary to maintain the efficiency of the filter.

Scraping and removal of sand is the primary method used for cleaning slow sand filters. This process involves removing the top layer of sand, known as the schmutzdecke or biofilm, which contains accumulated organic matter, bacteria, and other impurities. The schmutzdecke can become thick and compacted over time, hindering the filtration process. By scraping off this layer, the filter is able to operate more efficiently.

The cleaning process is typically carried out in the following steps:

1. Drain the filter: Before beginning the cleaning process, the filter is drained to remove any remaining water.

2. Scrape the top layer of sand: Using a specialized tool or machine, the top layer of sand is scraped off and removed. This layer is usually several centimeters thick and can be easily separated from the rest of the sand bed.

3. Dispose of the scraped sand: The scraped sand is collected and disposed of properly, as it contains contaminants and pathogens that may pose a risk to human health.

4. Replace the scraped sand: After the top layer of sand is removed, a fresh layer of clean sand is added to the filter bed. This ensures that the filter can continue to effectively remove impurities from the water.

By regularly scraping and removing the top layer of sand, slow sand filters can maintain their filtration efficiency and provide clean drinking water. This method of cleaning is effective in removing accumulated debris and organic matter, allowing the filter to function optimally.
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Cleaning of slow sand filters is done by:a)Scraping and removal of sandb)Backwashingc)Any of aboved)None of the aboveCorrect answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?
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