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Which of the following railways is not recognised by UNESCO World heritage Site?
  • a)
    Darjeeling Himalayan Railway
  • b)
    Nilgiri Mountain Railway
  • c)
    Kalka-Shimla Railway
  • d)
    North-Eastern Railway
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?
Verified Answer
Which of the following railways is not recognised by UNESCO World her...
There are two UNESCO World Heritage Sites on IR viz. the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus and the Mountain railways of India. Mountain railways of India is not contiguous, but consists of three separate railway lines located in different parts of the country viz. the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway; the Nilgiri Mountain Railway; and the Kalka-Shimla Railway.
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Which of the following railways is not recognised by UNESCO World her...
The correct answer is option 'D' - North-Eastern Railway. Here's an explanation of why it is not recognized by UNESCO World Heritage Site:

Introduction:
- UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage Sites are places of outstanding cultural or natural significance.
- These sites are recognized and protected by UNESCO to preserve their cultural, historical, or natural value for future generations.

Darjeeling Himalayan Railway:
- The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, also known as the "Toy Train," is a narrow-gauge railway located in the Indian state of West Bengal.
- It was built between 1879 and 1881 and covers a distance of about 88 kilometers.
- The railway is famous for its unique engineering features, including loop lines and zig-zags, and offers breathtaking views of the Himalayan mountains.
- In 1999, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its cultural and historical significance.

Nilgiri Mountain Railway:
- The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a charming toy train that operates in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu, India.
- This railway connects the town of Mettupalayam with the hill station of Ooty, covering a distance of 46 kilometers.
- It was completed in 1908 and is known for its unique rack and pinion system, allowing it to climb steep gradients.
- The railway was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005 for its outstanding engineering and scenic beauty.

Kalka-Shimla Railway:
- The Kalka-Shimla Railway is a narrow-gauge railway in the Indian states of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh.
- It was built in 1903 and covers a distance of about 96 kilometers, connecting the city of Kalka to the hill station of Shimla.
- The railway passes through 102 tunnels, 864 bridges, and many picturesque stations.
- In 2008, the Kalka-Shimla Railway was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its historical and engineering significance.

North-Eastern Railway:
- The North-Eastern Railway mentioned in the options is not a specific railway line or route.
- It is a zone of the Indian Railways that covers northeastern states such as Assam, Tripura, Manipur, Nagaland, etc.
- While the North-Eastern region has numerous scenic and picturesque railway routes, there is no specific railway line referred to as the "North-Eastern Railway" that has been recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

Conclusion:
In conclusion, among the given options, the North-Eastern Railway is not recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. It is important to note that the other three options, namely the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and Kalka-Shimla Railway, have all been acknowledged and protected by UNESCO due to their cultural, historical, or engineering significance.
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Which of the following railways is not recognised by UNESCO World heritage Site?a)Darjeeling Himalayan Railwayb)Nilgiri Mountain Railwayc)Kalka-Shimla Railwayd)North-Eastern RailwayCorrect answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?
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