Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) 2001 GATE Paper without solution

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``` Page 1

GATE EC - 2001

SECTION - A
1. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (1.1 – 1.25) of ONE mark
each.  For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A,B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.
1.1 The voltage e
0
in figure 1.1 is
(a) 2V
(b)
4
3
V
(c) 4V
(d) 8V
1.2. If each branch of a Delta circuit has impedance 3 , Z then each branch of the
equivalent Wye circuit has impedance.
(a)
3
Z
(b) 3Z (c) 3 3Z (d)
3
Z
1.3. The transfer function of a system is given by ( )
( )
2
1
.
2
H s
s s
=
-
The impulse
response of the system is: (* denotes convolution, and U(t) is unit step function)
(a) (t
2
* e
-2t
)U(t) (b) (t * e
2t
)U(t) (c) (te
-2
t)U(t) (d) (te
-2t
)U(t)
1.4. The admittance parameter Y
12
in the 2-port network in Figure 1.4 is
(a) -0.2 mho
(b) 0.1 mho
(c) -0.05 mho
(d) 0.05 mho
1.5. The region of convergence of the z-transform of a unit step function is
(a) 1 z >   (b) 1 z <
(c) (Real part of z) > 0  (d) (Real part of z) < 0
4O
2O
4O
12V
2O e O
+
-
20O
10O 5O E 1
I 1
-
E 2
I 2
Page 2

GATE EC - 2001

SECTION - A
1. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (1.1 – 1.25) of ONE mark
each.  For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A,B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.
1.1 The voltage e
0
in figure 1.1 is
(a) 2V
(b)
4
3
V
(c) 4V
(d) 8V
1.2. If each branch of a Delta circuit has impedance 3 , Z then each branch of the
equivalent Wye circuit has impedance.
(a)
3
Z
(b) 3Z (c) 3 3Z (d)
3
Z
1.3. The transfer function of a system is given by ( )
( )
2
1
.
2
H s
s s
=
-
The impulse
response of the system is: (* denotes convolution, and U(t) is unit step function)
(a) (t
2
* e
-2t
)U(t) (b) (t * e
2t
)U(t) (c) (te
-2
t)U(t) (d) (te
-2t
)U(t)
1.4. The admittance parameter Y
12
in the 2-port network in Figure 1.4 is
(a) -0.2 mho
(b) 0.1 mho
(c) -0.05 mho
(d) 0.05 mho
1.5. The region of convergence of the z-transform of a unit step function is
(a) 1 z >   (b) 1 z <
(c) (Real part of z) > 0  (d) (Real part of z) < 0
4O
2O
4O
12V
2O e O
+
-
20O
10O 5O E 1
I 1
-
E 2
I 2
GATE EC - 2001

1.6. The current gain of a BJT is
(a) g
m
r
0
(b)
m
o
g
r
(c) g
m
r
p
(d)
m
g
r
p
1.7. MOSFET can be used as a
(a) current controlled capacitor (b) voltage controlled capacitor
(c) current controlled inductor (d) voltage controlled inductor
1.8. The effective channel length of a MOSFET in saturation decreases with increase in
(a) gate voltage   (b) drain voltage
(c) source voltage   (d) body voltage
1.9. The ideal OP-AMP has the following characteristics.
(a)
0
, , 0
i
R A R = 8 = 8 = (b)
0
0, , 0
i
R A R = = 8 =
(c)
0
, ,
i
R A R = 8 = 8 = 8 (d)
0
0, ,
i
R A R = = 8 = 8
1.10. The 2’s complement representation of –17 is
(a) 01110 (b) 01111 (c) 11110 (d) 10001
1.11. Consider the following two statements:
Statement 1: A stable multi-vibrator can be used for generating square wave.
Statement 2: B stable multi-vibrator can be used for storing binary information.
(a) Only statement 1 is correct
(b) Only statement 2 is correct
(c) Both the statements 1 and 2 are correct
(d) Both the statements 1 and 2 are incorrect
1.12.  For the ring oscillator shown in Figure 1.12, the propagation delay of each
inverter is 100 pico second. What is the fundamental frequency of the oscillator
output?
(a) 10 MHz
(b) 100 MHz
(c) 1 GHz
(d) 2 GHz
1.13. An 8085 microprocessor based system uses a 4K × 8-bit RAM whose starting
address is AA00. The address of the last byte in this RAM is
(a) 0FFFH (b) 1000 H (c) B9FF H (d) BA00 H
V 0
Page 3

GATE EC - 2001

SECTION - A
1. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (1.1 – 1.25) of ONE mark
each.  For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A,B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.
1.1 The voltage e
0
in figure 1.1 is
(a) 2V
(b)
4
3
V
(c) 4V
(d) 8V
1.2. If each branch of a Delta circuit has impedance 3 , Z then each branch of the
equivalent Wye circuit has impedance.
(a)
3
Z
(b) 3Z (c) 3 3Z (d)
3
Z
1.3. The transfer function of a system is given by ( )
( )
2
1
.
2
H s
s s
=
-
The impulse
response of the system is: (* denotes convolution, and U(t) is unit step function)
(a) (t
2
* e
-2t
)U(t) (b) (t * e
2t
)U(t) (c) (te
-2
t)U(t) (d) (te
-2t
)U(t)
1.4. The admittance parameter Y
12
in the 2-port network in Figure 1.4 is
(a) -0.2 mho
(b) 0.1 mho
(c) -0.05 mho
(d) 0.05 mho
1.5. The region of convergence of the z-transform of a unit step function is
(a) 1 z >   (b) 1 z <
(c) (Real part of z) > 0  (d) (Real part of z) < 0
4O
2O
4O
12V
2O e O
+
-
20O
10O 5O E 1
I 1
-
E 2
I 2
GATE EC - 2001

1.6. The current gain of a BJT is
(a) g
m
r
0
(b)
m
o
g
r
(c) g
m
r
p
(d)
m
g
r
p
1.7. MOSFET can be used as a
(a) current controlled capacitor (b) voltage controlled capacitor
(c) current controlled inductor (d) voltage controlled inductor
1.8. The effective channel length of a MOSFET in saturation decreases with increase in
(a) gate voltage   (b) drain voltage
(c) source voltage   (d) body voltage
1.9. The ideal OP-AMP has the following characteristics.
(a)
0
, , 0
i
R A R = 8 = 8 = (b)
0
0, , 0
i
R A R = = 8 =
(c)
0
, ,
i
R A R = 8 = 8 = 8 (d)
0
0, ,
i
R A R = = 8 = 8
1.10. The 2’s complement representation of –17 is
(a) 01110 (b) 01111 (c) 11110 (d) 10001
1.11. Consider the following two statements:
Statement 1: A stable multi-vibrator can be used for generating square wave.
Statement 2: B stable multi-vibrator can be used for storing binary information.
(a) Only statement 1 is correct
(b) Only statement 2 is correct
(c) Both the statements 1 and 2 are correct
(d) Both the statements 1 and 2 are incorrect
1.12.  For the ring oscillator shown in Figure 1.12, the propagation delay of each
inverter is 100 pico second. What is the fundamental frequency of the oscillator
output?
(a) 10 MHz
(b) 100 MHz
(c) 1 GHz
(d) 2 GHz
1.13. An 8085 microprocessor based system uses a 4K × 8-bit RAM whose starting
address is AA00. The address of the last byte in this RAM is
(a) 0FFFH (b) 1000 H (c) B9FF H (d) BA00 H
V 0
GATE EC - 2001
s x x
j?
K=0 K=0
K=5
8 K
K=1
-3 -2
K=8
-1
1.14. The equivalent of the block diagram in Figure
1.14 is given in
(a) (b)
(c) (d)
15. If the characteristic equation of a closed-loop system is
2
2 2 0 s s + + = , then the
system is
(a) over damped (b) critically damped
(c) underdamped (d) undamped
1.16. The root-locus diagram for a closed loop feedback system is shown in Figure
1.16. The system is overdamped.
(a) only if 0 =K = 1
(b) only if 1 < K < 5
(c) only if K > 5
(d) if 0 =K < 1 or K > 5
E
F
G 1 G 2
H
C
E
F
G 1
H/G 2
C
E
F
G 1G 2
HG 2
C
E
F
G 1
HG 2
C
E
F
G 1G 2
H/G 2
C
Page 4

GATE EC - 2001

SECTION - A
1. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (1.1 – 1.25) of ONE mark
each.  For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A,B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.
1.1 The voltage e
0
in figure 1.1 is
(a) 2V
(b)
4
3
V
(c) 4V
(d) 8V
1.2. If each branch of a Delta circuit has impedance 3 , Z then each branch of the
equivalent Wye circuit has impedance.
(a)
3
Z
(b) 3Z (c) 3 3Z (d)
3
Z
1.3. The transfer function of a system is given by ( )
( )
2
1
.
2
H s
s s
=
-
The impulse
response of the system is: (* denotes convolution, and U(t) is unit step function)
(a) (t
2
* e
-2t
)U(t) (b) (t * e
2t
)U(t) (c) (te
-2
t)U(t) (d) (te
-2t
)U(t)
1.4. The admittance parameter Y
12
in the 2-port network in Figure 1.4 is
(a) -0.2 mho
(b) 0.1 mho
(c) -0.05 mho
(d) 0.05 mho
1.5. The region of convergence of the z-transform of a unit step function is
(a) 1 z >   (b) 1 z <
(c) (Real part of z) > 0  (d) (Real part of z) < 0
4O
2O
4O
12V
2O e O
+
-
20O
10O 5O E 1
I 1
-
E 2
I 2
GATE EC - 2001

1.6. The current gain of a BJT is
(a) g
m
r
0
(b)
m
o
g
r
(c) g
m
r
p
(d)
m
g
r
p
1.7. MOSFET can be used as a
(a) current controlled capacitor (b) voltage controlled capacitor
(c) current controlled inductor (d) voltage controlled inductor
1.8. The effective channel length of a MOSFET in saturation decreases with increase in
(a) gate voltage   (b) drain voltage
(c) source voltage   (d) body voltage
1.9. The ideal OP-AMP has the following characteristics.
(a)
0
, , 0
i
R A R = 8 = 8 = (b)
0
0, , 0
i
R A R = = 8 =
(c)
0
, ,
i
R A R = 8 = 8 = 8 (d)
0
0, ,
i
R A R = = 8 = 8
1.10. The 2’s complement representation of –17 is
(a) 01110 (b) 01111 (c) 11110 (d) 10001
1.11. Consider the following two statements:
Statement 1: A stable multi-vibrator can be used for generating square wave.
Statement 2: B stable multi-vibrator can be used for storing binary information.
(a) Only statement 1 is correct
(b) Only statement 2 is correct
(c) Both the statements 1 and 2 are correct
(d) Both the statements 1 and 2 are incorrect
1.12.  For the ring oscillator shown in Figure 1.12, the propagation delay of each
inverter is 100 pico second. What is the fundamental frequency of the oscillator
output?
(a) 10 MHz
(b) 100 MHz
(c) 1 GHz
(d) 2 GHz
1.13. An 8085 microprocessor based system uses a 4K × 8-bit RAM whose starting
address is AA00. The address of the last byte in this RAM is
(a) 0FFFH (b) 1000 H (c) B9FF H (d) BA00 H
V 0
GATE EC - 2001
s x x
j?
K=0 K=0
K=5
8 K
K=1
-3 -2
K=8
-1
1.14. The equivalent of the block diagram in Figure
1.14 is given in
(a) (b)
(c) (d)
15. If the characteristic equation of a closed-loop system is
2
2 2 0 s s + + = , then the
system is
(a) over damped (b) critically damped
(c) underdamped (d) undamped
1.16. The root-locus diagram for a closed loop feedback system is shown in Figure
1.16. The system is overdamped.
(a) only if 0 =K = 1
(b) only if 1 < K < 5
(c) only if K > 5
(d) if 0 =K < 1 or K > 5
E
F
G 1 G 2
H
C
E
F
G 1
H/G 2
C
E
F
G 1G 2
HG 2
C
E
F
G 1
HG 2
C
E
F
G 1G 2
H/G 2
C
GATE EC - 2001

1.17. The Nyquist plot for the open-loop transfer function G(s) of a unity negative
feedback system is shown in figure 1.17 if G(s) has no pole in the right half of s-
plane, the number of roots of the system characteristic equation in the right half
of s-plane is
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) 3
1.18. Let d(t) denote the delta function. The value of the integral ( )
3
cos
2
t
t dt d
8
-8
? ?
? ?
? ?
?
is
(a) 1 (b) -1 (c) 0 (d)
2
p
1.19. A band limited signal is sampled at the Nyquist rate. The signal can be recovered
by passing the samples through
(a) an RC filter   (b) an envelope detector
(c) a PLL
(d) an ideal low-pass filter with appropriate bandwidth
1.20. The PDF of a Gaussian random variable X is given by ( )
( )
2
4
18
1
3 2
x
x
P x e
p
- -
= . The
probability of the event {X = 4} is
(a)
1
2
(b)
1
3 2p
(c) 0 (d)
1
4
1.21. If a signal f(t) has energy E, the energy of the signal f(2t) is equal to
(a) E (b)
2
E
(c) 2E (d) 4E
1.22. A transmission line is distortion-less if
(a)
1
RL
GC
= (b) RL = GC (c) LG = RC (d) RG = LC
-1
I m(s)
G(s)-Plane
R e(s)
Page 5

GATE EC - 2001

SECTION - A
1. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (1.1 – 1.25) of ONE mark
each.  For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A,B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.
1.1 The voltage e
0
in figure 1.1 is
(a) 2V
(b)
4
3
V
(c) 4V
(d) 8V
1.2. If each branch of a Delta circuit has impedance 3 , Z then each branch of the
equivalent Wye circuit has impedance.
(a)
3
Z
(b) 3Z (c) 3 3Z (d)
3
Z
1.3. The transfer function of a system is given by ( )
( )
2
1
.
2
H s
s s
=
-
The impulse
response of the system is: (* denotes convolution, and U(t) is unit step function)
(a) (t
2
* e
-2t
)U(t) (b) (t * e
2t
)U(t) (c) (te
-2
t)U(t) (d) (te
-2t
)U(t)
1.4. The admittance parameter Y
12
in the 2-port network in Figure 1.4 is
(a) -0.2 mho
(b) 0.1 mho
(c) -0.05 mho
(d) 0.05 mho
1.5. The region of convergence of the z-transform of a unit step function is
(a) 1 z >   (b) 1 z <
(c) (Real part of z) > 0  (d) (Real part of z) < 0
4O
2O
4O
12V
2O e O
+
-
20O
10O 5O E 1
I 1
-
E 2
I 2
GATE EC - 2001

1.6. The current gain of a BJT is
(a) g
m
r
0
(b)
m
o
g
r
(c) g
m
r
p
(d)
m
g
r
p
1.7. MOSFET can be used as a
(a) current controlled capacitor (b) voltage controlled capacitor
(c) current controlled inductor (d) voltage controlled inductor
1.8. The effective channel length of a MOSFET in saturation decreases with increase in
(a) gate voltage   (b) drain voltage
(c) source voltage   (d) body voltage
1.9. The ideal OP-AMP has the following characteristics.
(a)
0
, , 0
i
R A R = 8 = 8 = (b)
0
0, , 0
i
R A R = = 8 =
(c)
0
, ,
i
R A R = 8 = 8 = 8 (d)
0
0, ,
i
R A R = = 8 = 8
1.10. The 2’s complement representation of –17 is
(a) 01110 (b) 01111 (c) 11110 (d) 10001
1.11. Consider the following two statements:
Statement 1: A stable multi-vibrator can be used for generating square wave.
Statement 2: B stable multi-vibrator can be used for storing binary information.
(a) Only statement 1 is correct
(b) Only statement 2 is correct
(c) Both the statements 1 and 2 are correct
(d) Both the statements 1 and 2 are incorrect
1.12.  For the ring oscillator shown in Figure 1.12, the propagation delay of each
inverter is 100 pico second. What is the fundamental frequency of the oscillator
output?
(a) 10 MHz
(b) 100 MHz
(c) 1 GHz
(d) 2 GHz
1.13. An 8085 microprocessor based system uses a 4K × 8-bit RAM whose starting
address is AA00. The address of the last byte in this RAM is
(a) 0FFFH (b) 1000 H (c) B9FF H (d) BA00 H
V 0
GATE EC - 2001
s x x
j?
K=0 K=0
K=5
8 K
K=1
-3 -2
K=8
-1
1.14. The equivalent of the block diagram in Figure
1.14 is given in
(a) (b)
(c) (d)
15. If the characteristic equation of a closed-loop system is
2
2 2 0 s s + + = , then the
system is
(a) over damped (b) critically damped
(c) underdamped (d) undamped
1.16. The root-locus diagram for a closed loop feedback system is shown in Figure
1.16. The system is overdamped.
(a) only if 0 =K = 1
(b) only if 1 < K < 5
(c) only if K > 5
(d) if 0 =K < 1 or K > 5
E
F
G 1 G 2
H
C
E
F
G 1
H/G 2
C
E
F
G 1G 2
HG 2
C
E
F
G 1
HG 2
C
E
F
G 1G 2
H/G 2
C
GATE EC - 2001

1.17. The Nyquist plot for the open-loop transfer function G(s) of a unity negative
feedback system is shown in figure 1.17 if G(s) has no pole in the right half of s-
plane, the number of roots of the system characteristic equation in the right half
of s-plane is
(a) 0
(b) 1
(c) 2
(d) 3
1.18. Let d(t) denote the delta function. The value of the integral ( )
3
cos
2
t
t dt d
8
-8
? ?
? ?
? ?
?
is
(a) 1 (b) -1 (c) 0 (d)
2
p
1.19. A band limited signal is sampled at the Nyquist rate. The signal can be recovered
by passing the samples through
(a) an RC filter   (b) an envelope detector
(c) a PLL
(d) an ideal low-pass filter with appropriate bandwidth
1.20. The PDF of a Gaussian random variable X is given by ( )
( )
2
4
18
1
3 2
x
x
P x e
p
- -
= . The
probability of the event {X = 4} is
(a)
1
2
(b)
1
3 2p
(c) 0 (d)
1
4
1.21. If a signal f(t) has energy E, the energy of the signal f(2t) is equal to
(a) E (b)
2
E
(c) 2E (d) 4E
1.22. A transmission line is distortion-less if
(a)
1
RL
GC
= (b) RL = GC (c) LG = RC (d) RG = LC
-1
I m(s)
G(s)-Plane
R e(s)
GATE EC - 2001

1.23. If a plane electromagnetic wave satisfies the equation
2 2
2
2 2
,
x x
E E
c
x t
? ?
=
? ?
the wave
propagates in the
(a) x-direction   (b) z-direction
(c) y-direction
(d) xy plane at an angle of 45° between the x and z directions
1.24. The phase velocity of waves propagating in a hollow metal waveguide is
(a) greater than the velocity of light in free space.
(b) less than the velocity of light in free space.
(c) equal to the velocity of light in free space.
(d) equal to the group velocity.
1.25. The dominant mode in a rectangular waveguide is TE
10
, because this mode has
(a) no attenuation   (b) no cut-off
(c) no magnetic field component (d) the highest cut-off wavelength
2. This question consists of TWENTY-FIVE sub-questions (2.1 – 2.25) of TWO marks
each.  For each of these sub-questions, four possible alternatives (A, B, C and D)
are given, out of which ONLY ONE is correct. Indicate the correct answer by
darkening the appropriate bubble against the question number on the left hand
side of the Objective Response Sheet (ORS). You may use the answer book
provided for any rough work, if needed.
2.1 The voltage e
0
in figure 2.1 is
(a) 48 V (b) 24 V
(c) 36 V (d) 28 V
2.2. In figure 2.2, the value of the load resistor R which maximizes the power
delivered to it is
(a) 14.14O
(b) 10O
(c) 200O
(d) 28.28O
10O 8A
2O
e 0
16V
6O
12O
+
-
R
1H
10O
~ E mcos10t
```

## FAQs on Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) 2001 GATE Paper without solution

 1. What is Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC)?
Ans. Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) is a branch of engineering that deals with the study and application of electronics, telecommunications, and signal processing. It involves designing, developing, testing, and supervising electronic equipment used in various communication systems.
 2. What is the significance of GATE in Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC)?
Ans. GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) is an important exam for Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) students. It serves as a gateway for admission to postgraduate programs in prestigious institutes, such as IITs and NITs, and also acts as a qualifying exam for various government and public sector jobs.
 3. What are the topics covered in the 2001 GATE paper for Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC)?
Ans. The 2001 GATE paper for Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) covered various topics including electronic devices and circuits, analog and digital communication systems, control systems, electromagnetic theory, network theory, and signals and systems.
 4. Are previous year GATE papers helpful for preparation in Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC)?
Ans. Yes, previous year GATE papers are extremely helpful for preparation in Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC). They provide an understanding of the exam pattern, types of questions asked, and the level of difficulty. Solving these papers can help identify weak areas and improve time management skills.
 5. What are the career prospects for Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) graduates?
Ans. Electronics and Communication Engineering (EC) graduates have a wide range of career prospects. They can work in industries such as telecommunications, electronics, information technology, research and development, and manufacturing. They can also pursue higher studies, work in government organizations, or opt for entrepreneurship in the field of electronics and communication.
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