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United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams PDF Download

United Nations Organisation (UNO)

  • World’s largest international organisation and a successor of League of Nations (League of Nations was formed after the Ist World War, but it failed).
  • The Charter of the UN was signed at San Francisco on June 26, 1945, at a meeting of the representatives of 50 states, representing 2/3rd of the world population.
  • The name United Nations was given at the instance of US President Roosevelt.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams
  • The Charter or Constitution was formed at Dumbarton Oaks (Washington DC) Conference by USSR, UK, US and China.
  • Formally came into existence on Oct 24, 1945.
  • The first regular session was held in London in Jan 1946 and Trygve Lie (Norway) was elected as the first Secretary-General.
  • Headquarters located at First Avenue, UN Plaza, New York City, New York, US. It is a 17-acre tract of land donated by John D. Rockefeller. The building is 39 storeys.
  • The present membership of UN is 193. Switzerland was the 190th (in2002), East Timor was the 191st (in 2002), Montenegro became the 192nd member in 2006 & South Sudan became the 193rd in 2011.

Note 

  • US, UK, China, France and Russia are the permanent members of the Security Council.

Question for United Nations & Other World Organisations
Try yourself:When was the United Nations Organisation founded?
View Solution

Some Important U.N. Agencies

International Labour Organisation (ILO)

  • Established: 1919
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: To improve conditions and living standard of workers.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

World Health Organisation (WHO)

  • Established: 1948
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: Attainment of the highest possible level of health by all people.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)

  • Established: 1946
  • Headquarters: Paris
  • Purpose: To promote collaboration among nations through education, science and culture.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Question for United Nations & Other World Organisations
Try yourself:The United Nations agency concerned with the improvement of standards of education and strengthening international co-operation in this field is:
View Solution

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

  • Established: 1957
  • Headquarters: Vienna
  • Purpose: To promote peaceful uses of atomic energy.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)

  • Established: 1946
  • Headquarters: New York
  • Purpose: To promote children’s welfare all over the world.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

  • Established: 1950
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: To provide protection to refugees.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)

  • Established: 1967
  • Headquarters: New York
  • Purpose: Studying population dynamics, collecting population data, formulating and evolving population policies, family planning and related programmes.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

International Fund for Agricultural Development

  • Established: 1977
  • Headquarters: Rome
  • Purpose: For financing agricultural projects in the world to raise economic growth.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

  • Established: 1964
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: Promotes international trade to accelerate the economic growth of developing countries.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)

  • Established: 1947
  • Headquarters: Montreal
  • Purpose: Promotes safety of international aviation.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

  • Established: 1945
  • Headquarters: Washington D.C.
  • Purpose: Promotes international monetary cooperation.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Question for United Nations & Other World Organisations
Try yourself:Which of the following place is the headquarters of IMF (International Monetary Fund)?
View Solution

International Finance Corporation (IFC)

  • Established: 1956
  • Headquarters: Washington D.C.
  • Purpose: Promotes economic development by encouraging private enterprise in its member countries.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Universal Postal Union (UPU)

  • Established: 1947
  • Headquarters: Berne
  • Purpose: Improve various postal services in the world.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)

  • Established: 1972
  • Headquarters: Nairobi
  • Purpose: Promotes international co-operation in the human environment.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO)

  • Established: 1967
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: Sets international regulations for radio, telegraph, and telephone and space radio communication.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO)

  • Established: 1945
  • Headquarters: Rome
  • Purpose: To improve the living condition of the total population.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)

  • Established: 1945
  • Headquarters: Washington D.C.
  • Purpose: Development of Economies of members by facilitating investment of capitals by providing loans.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)

  • Established: 1950
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: Promote the international exchange of weather reports.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

World Trade Organisation (WTO)

  • Established: 1995
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: Setting rules for world trade to reduce tariffs.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

  • Established: 1965
  • Headquarters: New York
  • Purpose: Help developing countries increase the wealth-producing capabilities of their natural and human resources.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Inter-Government Maritime Consultative Organisation (IMCO)

  • Established: 1958
  • Headquarters: London
  • Purpose: Promotes co-operation on technical matters of maritime safety, navigation and encourages anti-pollution measures.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

International Development Association (IDA)

  • Established: 1960
  • Headquarters: Washington D.C.
  • Purpose: An affiliate of the World Bank. Aims to help under-developed countries raise living standards.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

International Tele-communication Union (ITU)

  • Established: 1947
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: Sets international regulations for radiotelegraph, telephone and space radio communications.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)

  • Established: 1965
  • Headquarters: New York
  • Purpose: Provides training and research to help facilitate UN objectives of world peace and security and of economic and social progress.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

United Nations Relief and Work for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA)

  • Established: 1949
  • Headquarters: New York
  • Purpose: Provides basic amenities and education for the victims of the Arab-Israel War.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Question for United Nations & Other World Organisations
Try yourself:Which of the following UN agencies focuses on poverty reduction and the improvement of living standards worldwide?
View Solution

Other International Organisations and Groups

The Common Wealth

  • It was originally known as ‘The British Commonwealth of Nations’. It is an association of sovereign and independent states which formally made up the British Empire.
  • Headquarters: London.
  • Members: 53
  • The British Monarch (Queen Elizabeth II) is the symbolic head of the commonwealth.
  • Commonwealth heads of government meet (CHOGM) is held every 2 years.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Arab League

  • Established: March. 22, 1945.
  • Objective: To promote economic, social, political and military cooperation.
  • Members: 22
  • Headquarters: CairoUnited Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

  • Established: Nov 1989
  • Objective: To promote trade and investment in the Pacific basin.
  • Member: 21United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

  • Established: Dec. 19, 1966
  • Objective: To promote regional economic cooperation
  • Member: 67
  • Headquarters: ManilaUnited Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

  • EstablishedAug. 8, 1967
  • Objective: Regional, economic, social and cultural cooperation among the non-communist countries of South-East Asia.
  • Member (10): Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia.
  • Headquarters: DjakartaUnited Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Common Wealth of Independent States (CIS)

  • Established: Dec. 8, 1991
  • Objective: To coordinate inter-common wealth relations and to provide a mechanism for the orderly dissolution of the USSR.
  • Members: 11
  • Headquarters: Kerava (Belarus)United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Group of 8 or G-8

  • Established: 1989
  • Objective: To promote economic cooperation among developing nations.
  • Members: 17

Question for United Nations & Other World Organisations
Try yourself:Which of the following countries is not a member of the G-8 group?
View Solution

Group of 15 (G-15)

  • Established: 1989
  • Objective: To promote economic cooperation among developing nations.
  • Members: 17

Group of 77 (G-77)

  • Established: 1989
  • Objective: To promote economic cooperation among developing nations.
  • Members: 17

➢ International Criminal Police Organisation (INTERPOL)

  • Established: 1914
  • Objective: To promote international cooperation among criminal police authorities.
  • Members: 190
  • Headquarters: FranceUnited Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

International Olympic Committee (IOC)

  • Established: June. 23, 1894
  • Objective: To promote the Olympic ideals and administer the Olympic Games.
  • Members: 105
  • Headquarters: SwitzerlandUnited Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)

  • Established: Feb. 1947
  • Objective: To promote the development of international standards
  • Members: 163
  • Headquarters: SwitzerlandUnited Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

International Red Cross And Red Crescent Movements

  • Established: 1928
  • Objective: To promote worldwide humanitarian aid
  • Headquarters: GenevaUnited Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)

  • Established: Sept. 1961
  • Objective: Political co-operation and separate itself from both USA and USSR (in the cold-war era)
  • Members:120.
  • The credit of evolving the concept goes to Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru. 
  • The other contributors were Marshal Tito (President of Yugoslavia), Dr. Sukarno (President of Indonesia) and General Nasser (President of Egypt). 
  • Bandung conference in Indonesia became the forum for the birth of NAM.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

European Union

  • Established: Apr. 8, 1965. Effective on July 1, 1967.
  • Objective: To create a united Europe in which member countries would have such strong economic and political bones that war would cease to be a recurring fact.
  • Members: 28 (The ten new countries which joined in 2004 are Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovania). Croatia joined in 2013.
  • Headquarters: Brussels (Belgium). The common European, currency, Euro, was launched on Jan. 1, 1999.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)

  • Established: April 4, 1949
  • Objective: Mutual defence and cooperation
  • Members: 28
  • Headquarters: BrusselsUnited Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

  • Established: Sept, 1959
  • Objective: Attempts to set world prices by controlling oil production and also pursues member interest in trade and development.
  • Members: 12 (Algeria, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, UAE, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Ecuador and Venezuela)
  • Headquarters: Vienna (Austria)United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

South Asian Association For Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

  • Established: Dec. 8, 1985
  • Objective: To promote economic, social and cultural cooperation   
  • Members (8): Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan.
  • Headquarters: Kathmandu United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Question for United Nations & Other World Organisations
Try yourself:Which of the following countries is not a member of SAARC?
View Solution

Amnesty International (AI)

  • Established: 1961
  • Objective: To keep a watch over human rights violation worldwide.  Headquarter: London
  • Got Nobel Prize in 1977 for PeaceUnited Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Organisation of The Islamic Conference (OIC)

  • Established: 1969
  • Objective: To promote Islamic solidarity among member states and to consolidate cooperation among members.
  • Members: 57
  • Headquarters: Saudi ArabiaUnited Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

  • Established: June. 7, 2002.
  • Objective: To develop mutual cooperation.
  • Members: Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kirghizstan and Tajikistan.United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

World Wildlife Fund For Nature (WWF)

  • Established: Sept. 11, 1961
  • Objective: To save wildlife from extinction
  • Members: All the countries of the world
  • Headquarters: Gland (Switzerland)United Nations & Other World Organisations | General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams
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FAQs on United Nations & Other World Organisations - General Awareness & Knowledge - Bank Exams

1. What is the United Nations Organisation (UNO)?
Ans. The United Nations Organisation (UNO) is an international organization founded in 1945 after World War II. It aims to maintain international peace and security, promote social progress, and improve living standards worldwide. The UNO consists of 193 member countries and works through various agencies and programs to address global issues.
2. What are some important U.N. agencies?
Ans. Some important U.N. agencies include: - United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF): UNICEF works to provide humanitarian aid and advance the rights of children globally. - World Health Organization (WHO): WHO is responsible for international public health and coordinates responses to health emergencies. - United Nations Development Programme (UNDP): UNDP focuses on sustainable development and poverty reduction. - United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR): UNHCR protects and supports refugees and internally displaced persons worldwide. - World Food Programme (WFP): WFP addresses hunger and food security issues by providing assistance during emergencies and supporting development projects.
3. What are some other international organizations and groups?
Ans. Some other international organizations and groups include: - World Trade Organization (WTO): WTO deals with global trade rules and resolving trade disputes between member countries. - International Monetary Fund (IMF): IMF promotes global monetary cooperation, financial stability, and economic growth. - World Bank: The World Bank provides financial and technical assistance to developing countries for development projects. - North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO): NATO is a political and military alliance of North American and European countries for collective defense. - European Union (EU): The EU is a political and economic union of European countries, promoting economic and political cooperation among its member states.
4. How does the United Nations work with other world organizations?
Ans. The United Nations works with other world organizations through collaboration and partnerships. It often collaborates with specialized agencies, such as WHO, UNESCO, and the International Labour Organization (ILO), to address specific issues. The UN also works closely with regional organizations like the African Union (AU) and the League of Arab States (LAS) to promote peace, stability, and development in their respective regions.
5. What are some frequently asked questions about the United Nations and other world organizations?
Ans. Some frequently asked questions about the United Nations and other world organizations include: - How does the United Nations maintain international peace and security? - What are the main goals and objectives of the United Nations Development Programme? - How does the World Health Organization respond to global health crises? - What are the benefits of being a member of the European Union? - How can individuals and organizations contribute to the efforts of international organizations like UNICEF or the World Food Programme?
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