United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

CLAT: United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

The document United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT is a part of the CLAT Course Current Affairs & General Knowledge.
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United Nations Organisation (UNO)

  • World’s largest international organisation and a successor of League of Nations (League of Nations was formed after the Ist World War, but it failed).
  • The Charter of the UN was signed at San Francisco on June 26, 1945, at a meeting of the representatives of 50 states, representing 2/3rd of the world population.
  • The name United Nations was given at the instance of US President Roosevelt.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT
  • The Charter or Constitution was formed at Dumbarton Oaks (Washington DC) Conference by USSR, UK, US and China.
  • Formally came into existence on Oct 24, 1945.
  • The first regular session was held in London in Jan 1946 and Trygve Lie (Norway) was elected as the first Secretary-General.
  • Headquarters located at First Avenue, UN Plaza, New York City, New York, US. It is a 17-acre tract of land donated by John D. Rockefeller. The building is 39 storeys.
  • The present membership of UN is 193. Switzerland was the 190th (in2002), East Timor was the 191st (in 2002), Montenegro became the 192nd member in 2006 & South Sudan became the 193rd in 2011.

Note 

  • US, UK, China, France and Russia are the permanent members of the Security Council.

Try yourself:When was the United Nations Organisation founded?
View Solution

Some Important U.N. Agencies

International Labour Organisation (ILO)

  • Established: 1919
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: To improve conditions and living standard of workers.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

World Health Organisation (WHO)

  • Established: 1948
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: Attainment of the highest possible level of health by all people.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO)

  • Established: 1946
  • Headquarters: Paris
  • Purpose: To promote collaboration among nations through education, science and culture.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Try yourself:The United Nations agency concerned with the improvement of standards of education and strengthening international co-operation in this field is:
View Solution

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

  • Established: 1957
  • Headquarters: Vienna
  • Purpose: To promote peaceful uses of atomic energy.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF)

  • Established: 1946
  • Headquarters: New York
  • Purpose: To promote children’s welfare all over the world.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

  • Established: 1950
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: To provide protection to refugees.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

United Nations Fund for Population Activities (UNFPA)

  • Established: 1967
  • Headquarters: New York
  • Purpose: Studying population dynamics, collecting population data, formulating and evolving population policies, family planning and related programmes.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

International Fund for Agricultural Development

  • Established: 1977
  • Headquarters: Rome
  • Purpose: For financing agricultural projects in the world to raise economic growth.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

  • Established: 1964
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: Promotes international trade to accelerate the economic growth of developing countries.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO)

  • Established: 1947
  • Headquarters: Montreal
  • Purpose: Promotes safety of international aviation.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

  • Established: 1945
  • Headquarters: Washington D.C.
  • Purpose: Promotes international monetary cooperation.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Try yourself:Which of the following place is the headquarters of IMF (International Monetary Fund)?
View Solution

International Finance Corporation (IFC)

  • Established: 1956
  • Headquarters: Washington D.C.
  • Purpose: Promotes economic development by encouraging private enterprise in its member countries.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Universal Postal Union (UPU)

  • Established: 1947
  • Headquarters: Berne
  • Purpose: Improve various postal services in the world.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP)

  • Established: 1972
  • Headquarters: Nairobi
  • Purpose: Promotes international co-operation in the human environment.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

United Nations Industrial Development Organisation (UNIDO)

  • Established: 1967
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: Sets international regulations for radio, telegraph, and telephone and space radio communication.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO)

  • Established: 1945
  • Headquarters: Rome
  • Purpose: To improve the living condition of the total population.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)

  • Established: 1945
  • Headquarters: Washington D.C.
  • Purpose: Development of Economies of members by facilitating investment of capitals by providing loans.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)

  • Established: 1950
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: Promote the international exchange of weather reports.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

World Trade Organisation (WTO)

  • Established: 1995
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: Setting rules for world trade to reduce tariffs.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

  • Established: 1965
  • Headquarters: New York
  • Purpose: Help developing countries increase the wealth-producing capabilities of their natural and human resources.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Inter-Government Maritime Consultative Organisation (IMCO)

  • Established: 1958
  • Headquarters: London
  • Purpose: Promotes co-operation on technical matters of maritime safety, navigation and encourages anti-pollution measures.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

International Development Association (IDA)

  • Established: 1960
  • Headquarters: Washington D.C.
  • Purpose: An affiliate of the World Bank. Aims to help under-developed countries raise living standards.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

International Tele-communication Union (ITU)

  • Established: 1947
  • Headquarters: Geneva
  • Purpose: Sets international regulations for radiotelegraph, telephone and space radio communications.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR)

  • Established: 1965
  • Headquarters: New York
  • Purpose: Provides training and research to help facilitate UN objectives of world peace and security and of economic and social progress.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

United Nations Relief and Work for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA)

  • Established: 1949
  • Headquarters: New York
  • Purpose: Provides basic amenities and education for the victims of the Arab-Israel War.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Try yourself:Which of the following UN agencies focuses on poverty reduction and the improvement of living standards worldwide?
View Solution

Other International Organisations and Groups

The Common Wealth

  • It was originally known as ‘The British Commonwealth of Nations’. It is an association of sovereign and independent states which formally made up the British Empire.
  • Headquarters: London.
  • Members: 53
  • The British Monarch (Queen Elizabeth II) is the symbolic head of the commonwealth.
  • Commonwealth heads of government meet (CHOGM) is held every 2 years.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Arab League

  • Established: March. 22, 1945.
  • Objective: To promote economic, social, political and military cooperation.
  • Members: 22
  • Headquarters: CairoUnited Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

  • Established: Nov 1989
  • Objective: To promote trade and investment in the Pacific basin.
  • Member: 21United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

  • Established: Dec. 19, 1966
  • Objective: To promote regional economic cooperation
  • Member: 67
  • Headquarters: ManilaUnited Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

  • EstablishedAug. 8, 1967
  • Objective: Regional, economic, social and cultural cooperation among the non-communist countries of South-East Asia.
  • Member (10): Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia.
  • Headquarters: DjakartaUnited Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Common Wealth of Independent States (CIS)

  • Established: Dec. 8, 1991
  • Objective: To coordinate inter-common wealth relations and to provide a mechanism for the orderly dissolution of the USSR.
  • Members: 11
  • Headquarters: Kerava (Belarus)United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Group of 8 or G-8

  • Established: 1989
  • Objective: To promote economic cooperation among developing nations.
  • Members: 17

Try yourself:Which of the following countries is not a member of the G-8 group?
View Solution

Group of 15 (G-15)

  • Established: 1989
  • Objective: To promote economic cooperation among developing nations.
  • Members: 17

Group of 77 (G-77)

  • Established: 1989
  • Objective: To promote economic cooperation among developing nations.
  • Members: 17

➢ International Criminal Police Organisation (INTERPOL)

  • Established: 1914
  • Objective: To promote international cooperation among criminal police authorities.
  • Members: 190
  • Headquarters: FranceUnited Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

International Olympic Committee (IOC)

  • Established: June. 23, 1894
  • Objective: To promote the Olympic ideals and administer the Olympic Games.
  • Members: 105
  • Headquarters: SwitzerlandUnited Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO)

  • Established: Feb. 1947
  • Objective: To promote the development of international standards
  • Members: 163
  • Headquarters: SwitzerlandUnited Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

International Red Cross And Red Crescent Movements

  • Established: 1928
  • Objective: To promote worldwide humanitarian aid
  • Headquarters: GenevaUnited Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)

  • Established: Sept. 1961
  • Objective: Political co-operation and separate itself from both USA and USSR (in the cold-war era)
  • Members:120.
  • The credit of evolving the concept goes to Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru. 
  • The other contributors were Marshal Tito (President of Yugoslavia), Dr. Sukarno (President of Indonesia) and General Nasser (President of Egypt). 
  • Bandung conference in Indonesia became the forum for the birth of NAM.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

European Union

  • Established: Apr. 8, 1965. Effective on July 1, 1967.
  • Objective: To create a united Europe in which member countries would have such strong economic and political bones that war would cease to be a recurring fact.
  • Members: 28 (The ten new countries which joined in 2004 are Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia and Slovania). Croatia joined in 2013.
  • Headquarters: Brussels (Belgium). The common European, currency, Euro, was launched on Jan. 1, 1999.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)

  • Established: April 4, 1949
  • Objective: Mutual defence and cooperation
  • Members: 28
  • Headquarters: BrusselsUnited Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

  • Established: Sept, 1959
  • Objective: Attempts to set world prices by controlling oil production and also pursues member interest in trade and development.
  • Members: 12 (Algeria, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, UAE, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Ecuador and Venezuela)
  • Headquarters: Vienna (Austria)United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

South Asian Association For Regional Cooperation (SAARC)

  • Established: Dec. 8, 1985
  • Objective: To promote economic, social and cultural cooperation   
  • Members (8): Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan.
  • Headquarters: Kathmandu United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Try yourself:Which of the following countries is not a member of SAARC?
View Solution

Amnesty International (AI)

  • Established: 1961
  • Objective: To keep a watch over human rights violation worldwide.  Headquarter: London
  • Got Nobel Prize in 1977 for PeaceUnited Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Organisation of The Islamic Conference (OIC)

  • Established: 1969
  • Objective: To promote Islamic solidarity among member states and to consolidate cooperation among members.
  • Members: 57
  • Headquarters: Saudi ArabiaUnited Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

  • Established: June. 7, 2002.
  • Objective: To develop mutual cooperation.
  • Members: Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kirghizstan and Tajikistan.United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT

World Wildlife Fund For Nature (WWF)

  • Established: Sept. 11, 1961
  • Objective: To save wildlife from extinction
  • Members: All the countries of the world
  • Headquarters: Gland (Switzerland)United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT
The document United Nations & Other World Organisations Notes | Study Current Affairs & General Knowledge - CLAT is a part of the CLAT Course Current Affairs & General Knowledge.
All you need of CLAT at this link: CLAT

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