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SSC CGL vs UPSC | How to Prepare for SSC CGL PDF Download

When it comes to competitive exams in India, the SSC CGL and UPSC are two of the most sought-after exams. Both exams offer career opportunities in the government sector, but they differ in terms of Exam Pattern, difficulty level, Posts offered, Eligibility Criteria, Age Limit, and Salary. In this article, we will compare SSC CGL vs UPSC in detail to help you make an informed decision about which exam to choose.

SSC CGL vs UPSCSSC CGL vs UPSC

What is SSC CGL & UPSC?

SSC CGL (Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate Level) is a competitive examination conducted by the Staff Selection Commission to recruit staff for various Group B and Group C posts in various government departments and organizations. The exam is conducted in four tiers - Tier I (Preliminary), Tier II (Mains), Tier III (Descriptive), and Tier IV (Computer proficiency test/skill test).

UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) Exam is a competitive exam conducted by the Union Public Service Commission to select candidates for various civil services in India, including the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS), and various other  services.The exam is conducted in three stages - Preliminary exam, Mains exam, and Personality test/interview. The UPSC exam is considered one of the toughest and most popular exams in India.

SSC CGL vs UPSC Posts

SSC CGL is conducted for recruitment to Group B and Group C posts in government organizations, such as Income Tax Officer, Auditor, and Statistical Investigator, among others. In contrast, the UPSC Civil Services Exam is conducted for recruitment to Group A and Group B posts, such as IAS, IPS, IFS, and IRS, among others. You can check the different posts for both exams below:

SSC CGL

UPSC

Assistant Audit Officer

Indian Administrative Service (IAS)

Assistant Accounts Officer

Indian Police Service (IPS)

Income Tax Inspector

Indian Foreign Service (IFS)

Central Excise Inspector

Indian Revenue Service (IRS)

Sub Inspector (CBI)

Indian Information Service (IIS)

Statistical Investigator

Indian Trade Service (ITS)

Junior Statistical Officer

Indian Postal Service

Auditor

Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IA&AS)

Accountant

Indian Defense Accounts Service (IDAS)

Tax Assistant

Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)

Upper Division Clerk (UDC)

Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)

-

Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)

-

Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS)

-

Indian Defense Estates Service (IDES)

-

Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (AFHQ)

While both exams offer government job opportunities, the posts offered through UPSC are generally considered to be higher in terms of prestige, power, and responsibility, as they involve serving at the topmost levels of the Indian government. However, the selection process for UPSC is known to be highly competitive and challenging, with a tough examination pattern and a low selection rate.

SSC CGL vs UPSC Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria for both SSC CGL and UPSC exams are an essential factor that candidates must meet to be considered for the recruitment process. While there are some similarities between the eligibility criteria for both exams, there are also notable differences.

SSC CGL vs UPSC | How to Prepare for SSC CGL

SSC CGL vs UPSC Selection Process

The selection process for SSC CGL and UPSC Civil Services Exam is different and critical in determining the candidates selected for the job. The selection process of both exams includes multiple stages, but the exams conducted and evaluation criteria differ. 

SSC CGL vs UPSC | How to Prepare for SSC CGL

SSC CGL vs UPSC Exam Pattern

The SSC CGL exam has four tiers, including computer-based objective tests, a descriptive test, and a skill test, covering topics such as Reasoning, Awareness, and Aptitude. In contrast, the UPSC exam has three stages, including an objective Preliminary Exam, a descriptive Mains Exam, and a Personality Test, covering subjects such as General studies, Optional subjects, and languages. The table tabulated below shows the difference between exam patterns of both the SSC CGL and UPSC exams:

Exam

SSC CGL

UPSC

Exam Sections

Tier 1:

Tier 2:

Paper-I: Quantitative Abilities

Paper-II: English Language and Comprehension

Paper-III: Statistics

Paper-IV: General Studies (Finance and Economics)

Tier 3: Descriptive Paper (Essay and Letter/Application)

Tier 4: Skill Test/Computer Proficiency Test


Preliminary Exam: General Studies Paper-I

Preliminary Exam: Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT) Paper-II Main Exam: English Language (Qualifying)

Main Exam: Indian Language (Qualifying)

Main Exam: Essay

Main Exam: General Studies-I

Main Exam: General Studies-II

Main Exam: General Studies-III

Main Exam: General Studies-IV

Main Exam: Optional Subject I

Main Exam: Optional Subject II

Exam Mode

Online

Preliminary Exam: Online

Main Exam: Offline

Exam Duration

Tier-I: 60 minutes

Tier-II: 120 minutes per paper

Tier-III: 60 minutes (Descriptive Paper)

Tier-IV: Varies (Computer Proficiency Test and Document Verification)

Preliminary Exam: 2 hours per paper

Main Exam: Varies by paper

Exam Marks

Tier-I: 200 marks (50 marks per section)

Tier-II: 200 marks per paper (800 marks total)

Tier-III: Descriptive Paper

Tier-IV: Computer Proficiency Test (CPT) and Document Verification

Preliminary Exam: 400 marks (200 marks per paper)

Main Exam: 2025 marks (1750 marks for papers + 275 marks for Interview)

Exam Language

English and Hindi

English and Hindi

Exam Frequency

Once a year

Once a year

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Here’s a SSC CGL & UPSC Preparation table, which provides links to all the important courses & guidance documents to help you prepare for the SSC CGL and UPSC exams in an effective way, which would save your time and effort.

SSC CGL vs UPSC Syllabus

The SSC CGL and UPSC are two competitive examinations conducted in India that require different skill sets and knowledge. Understanding the differences in their syllabus can help aspiring candidates prepare more effectively for the exams.
The SSC CGL Syllabus includes topics such as general intelligence and ReasoningGeneral AwarenessQuantitative Aptitude, and English Comprehension. These topics test candidates' cognitive and mathematical abilities, as well as their language proficiency.
In contrast, the UPSC Syllabus is much broader and covers a range of subjects, including Indian History and CultureGeographyPolity and GovernanceEconomics, and Current Affairs. Additionally, the UPSC exam includes optional subjects that candidates can choose from based on their interests and expertise.
While both exams assess candidates' knowledge and analytical abilities, the difference in their syllabus reflects the varying levels of difficulty and expertise required for each exam. Aspiring candidates should carefully review the syllabus of each exam and prepare accordingly to increase their chances of success.
To know the detailed Syllabus for both exams, you can check the EduRev articles:

Which Pays Better Salary SSC CGL vs UPSC ?

The salary for UPSC officers and SSC CGL officers varies depending on the level of the post and the group in which the post falls. Generally, UPSC officers receive a higher salary than SSC CGL officers, especially for Group A positions.here's a table that shows the salary range for SSC CGL and UPSC officers according to group:

SSC CGL vs UPSC | How to Prepare for SSC CGL

Overall, the salaries for UPSC officers are generally higher than those for SSC CGL employees due to the higher positions and responsibilities held by UPSC officers. However, it's important to note that both exams require a high level of skill and performance, and candidates should choose their career paths based on their interests, skills, and abilities.

Comparative Analysis of SSC CGL vs UPSC

Both SSC CGL and UPSC are popular competitive exams in India, but they have significant differences in terms of  job profile & responsibility, Salary, Power, Exam Pattern, Syllabus and Career growth. Here is a comparative analysis of SSC CGL vs UPSC, which will help you make an informed decision about which exam to choose for your career path.
In conclusion, it is important to note that both SSC CGL and UPSC exams offer distinct career paths and opportunities for those seeking government jobs. While SSC CGL provides administrative jobs in various departments with limited decision-making power, UPSC offers higher-level policymaking and administrative jobs with greater authority and responsibility.
In terms of salary, both exams offer competitive pay depending on the post and location, but UPSC jobs tend to offer higher salaries compared to SSC CGL jobs.
Both exams offer career growth opportunities, but UPSC jobs tend to offer faster promotions and higher positions due to the nature of the job. The selection process and job responsibilities differ significantly between the two exams, and the choice between SSC CGL and UPSC ultimately depends on an individual's career aspirations and interests.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on SSC CGL vs UPSC


What is the difference between SSC CGL and UPSC?

SSC CGL and UPSC are two different exams conducted for different job profiles and by different organizations. While SSC CGL is conducted by the Staff Selection Commission for recruitment in various government departments, UPSC is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment in civil services. You can also check the above EduRev article to better understand the difference between both exams.

Which exam is better, SSC CGL or UPSC?

The choice between SSC CGL and UPSC depends on the career aspirations and interests of the candidate. If the candidate is interested in administrative services, then UPSC is the better choice, while if the candidate is interested in non-gazetted jobs, then SSC CGL can be a better choice.

Is SSC CGL easier than UPSC?

The difficulty level of SSC CGL and UPSC varies based on the syllabus and exam pattern. While SSC CGL is considered easier as compared to UPSC, it still requires dedicated preparation and hard work to crack the exam.

Which exam has more job opportunities, SSC CGL or UPSC?

Both SSC CGL and UPSC offer various job opportunities in the government sector. However, the job profiles and responsibilities differ based on the exam and the department. To know about different posts and their salary, you can also check the EduRev articles:

What is the age limit for SSC CGL and UPSC?

The age limit for SSC CGL and UPSC differs based on the category of the candidate. For SSC CGL, the age limit is 18-32 years, while for UPSC, the age limit is 21-32 years.

What is the educational qualification required for SSC CGL and UPSC?

For both SSC CGL and UPSC, a candidate must have a Bachelor's degree from a recognized university.

Can I apply for both SSC CGL and UPSC in the same year?

Yes, you can apply for both SSC CGL (Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate Level Exam) and UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) in the same year. There is no restriction on applying for both exams in the same year. However, you will need to ensure that you meet the eligibility criteria and can manage the preparation for both exams simultaneously, as they are quite different in nature and require different levels of preparation.

Is the syllabus for SSC CGL the same as that for UPSC?

No, SSC and UPSC syllabus are not the same. Although there may be some overlapping topics, they focus on different subjects and skills, and have different exam patterns. Candidates need to prepare differently for each exam based on their respective syllabus and pattern.To know the detailed Syllabus for both exams, you can check the EduRev articles:

The document SSC CGL vs UPSC | How to Prepare for SSC CGL is a part of the SSC CGL Course How to Prepare for SSC CGL.
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FAQs on SSC CGL vs UPSC - How to Prepare for SSC CGL

1. What is SSC CGL & UPSC?
Ans. SSC CGL stands for Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate Level examination, while UPSC stands for Union Public Service Commission. Both are competitive exams conducted in India for recruitment to various government posts.
2. What is the difference between SSC CGL and UPSC posts?
Ans. SSC CGL primarily recruits for Group B and Group C posts in various government departments and organizations, while UPSC recruits for Group A and Group B posts, including civil services like IAS, IPS, IFS, etc.
3. What is the eligibility criteria for SSC CGL and UPSC exams?
Ans. The eligibility criteria for SSC CGL and UPSC exams differ. For SSC CGL, candidates must have a Bachelor's degree in any discipline from a recognized university, while for UPSC exams, the eligibility criteria vary for different exams, but generally, candidates must have a Bachelor's degree in any discipline.
4. What is the selection process for SSC CGL and UPSC exams?
Ans. The selection process for SSC CGL includes multiple stages like Tier-I (Preliminary), Tier-II (Mains), Tier-III (Descriptive), and Tier-IV (Skill Test/Computer Proficiency Test). The selection process for UPSC exams includes a preliminary exam, mains exam, and an interview/personality test.
5. Which exam pays a better salary, SSC CGL or UPSC?
Ans. The salary structure for SSC CGL and UPSC posts varies. However, generally, UPSC posts like IAS, IPS, etc., have higher salary scales compared to SSC CGL posts. UPSC posts also offer more perks and benefits.
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