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The primary and secondary windings of a transformer are wound on top of each other in order to reduce.
  • a)
    iron losses
  • b)
    leakage reactance
  • c)
    copper losses
  • d)
    winding resistance
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?
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The primary and secondary windings of a transformer are wound on top ...
The leakage reactance is reduced when the primary and secondary winding of the transformer are wound on top of each other.
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The primary and secondary windings of a transformer are wound on top ...
The primary and secondary windings of a transformer are wound on top of each other in order to reduce leakage reactance.

Leakage reactance is an undesirable characteristic in a transformer that leads to energy losses and reduced efficiency. It occurs due to the magnetic flux that does not link both the primary and secondary windings entirely.

Explanation:

When a transformer is operating, an alternating current flows through the primary winding, creating a magnetic field that links both the primary and secondary windings. This magnetic field induces a voltage in the secondary winding, which is then used to transmit electrical energy.

However, some of the magnetic flux created by the primary winding does not fully link with the secondary winding. This is known as leakage flux. As a result, the transformer experiences leakage reactance, which is an inductive reactance opposing the flow of current through the windings.

Advantages of winding the primary and secondary windings on top of each other:

By winding the primary and secondary windings on top of each other, the following advantages are obtained:

1. Reduced leakage reactance: Winding the primary and secondary windings on top of each other ensures a higher degree of magnetic coupling between the windings. This reduces the leakage flux and consequently decreases the leakage reactance. This leads to improved efficiency and reduced energy losses in the transformer.

2. Improved voltage regulation: Minimizing the leakage reactance helps in achieving better voltage regulation. Voltage regulation refers to the ability of a transformer to maintain a constant secondary voltage under varying load conditions. By reducing leakage reactance, the voltage drop in the windings can be minimized, resulting in better voltage regulation.

3. Compact design: Winding the primary and secondary windings on top of each other allows for a more compact design of the transformer. This is because the magnetic flux is concentrated within a smaller area, reducing the size and weight of the transformer.

In conclusion, winding the primary and secondary windings on top of each other in a transformer reduces leakage reactance, leading to improved efficiency, better voltage regulation, and a more compact design.
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The primary and secondary windings of a transformer are wound on top of each other in order to reduce.a)iron lossesb)leakage reactancec)copper lossesd)winding resistanceCorrect answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?
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